How difficult is it to choose health insurance? It's more challenging than parenting. That's the word from Aetna, which recently released its Empowered Health Index Survey findings. The poll of 1,500 people nationwide showed that picking the right medical coverage for individuals and families was the second-hardest "major life decision," with only funding retirement more of a challenge. "Survey participants reported that choosing health care benefits is more difficult than purchasing a car, making decisions about medical tests or treatments, parenting and selecting homeowners, renters or auto insurance," Aetna said in a statement. Why are people so intimidated? Aetna offered three reasons:
- 88 percent of those interviewed said the available information is confusing and complicated.
- 84 percent complained that health plans provide conflicting details.
- 83 percent said that, in the end, it can be too hard determining which plan is best for them.
Most support health reform, but many can't explain itThe survey touched on other noteworthy elements, including health reform:
- More than 75 percent believe the key features of health reform are important for them and their families. But 41 percent stressed that they need more information to understand its impact.
- While trimming medical costs is a major political and social issue, many people don't closely monitor their own costs. Forty-three percent rarely or never track how much they spend on out-of-pocket health expenses.
- Forty-one percent have skipped a dose of prescribed medication, stopped taking medication or delayed a needed medical procedure because of associated costs. Seventy-six percent of people in fair or poor health and 57 percent with chronic conditions are the most likely to do so.
Health insurance open enrollment decisions loomingThe anxiety may rise this time of the year as open enrollment for employer-based medical plans is usually offered to workers in the fall. It's the time to gather relevant facts and spend the hours needed to learn which coverage is the most cost-effective while offering the best protection, says Wendy Shanahan-Richards, Aetna's national medical director and co-author of "Navigating Your Health Benefits for Dummies."
These 10 basic steps may not be as fun as leafing through shiny new car brochures, but Shanahan-Richards says they can help:
- Make sure you understand terms such as "deductible," "co-insurance," "premium," "in-network" and "health savings account."
- Don't just think of yourself. Consider how your family members will be covered when reviewing your plan and its benefits.
- Make a list of your current and future medical needs. The list could include prescription drugs or any planned surgeries or health care procedures for the upcoming year.
- Follow up on your own list and ask your doctor or office staff about tests, medications, consultations and other services you may need during the next year.
- Determine which coverage worked best for you in the past. That plan may still work. However, if you've had a big life change -- getting married, having a baby, retiring -- then re-think your needs.
- Review problems you had with previous plans. The open enrollment period is a good time to learn more about benefits you wish you had in the past.
- Review all open enrollment materials your employer provides. Learn how the benefits plans will change from this year to next.
- Know the deadline for making a decision. Give yourself enough time to choose your coverage before the date approaches.
- Ask your employer for more details if you don't understand the plans offered. Many workplaces have open enrollment meetings and other resources to help clarify options.
- Cost is obviously one of the top factors when picking coverage. Make sure you know all the expenses tied to your plan, not just the premiums.