NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- Bag-holder, bottom-feeder and catcher of falling knives have all been used to describe buyers of stocks that have fallen out of favor with the market. There is another term that is used, although rarely at the purchase time: value investor.This is what you call someone who buys stocks that are beaten down but then rise. The difference between the bag-holders and the value investors is akin to the difference between gamblers and speculators. The speculator understands the potential risks and rewards while carefully determining the correct course of action. The gambler is too busy to be bothered with "all that stuff that doesn't matter." Fortunately, the market offers many opportunities to evaluate any given stock's value to you. On Aug. 15, I wrote
SID data by YCharts
Companhia Siderurgica Nacional ( SID) Background: Companhia is a large, integrated steelmaker in Latin America. It operates its own mines, steel mill, railroads, ports and service and distribution centers. The company was founded in 1941 and is headquartered in Sao Paulo, Brazil.
SID Free Cash Flow data by YCharts
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Marvell Technology Group Ltd. ( MRVL) Background: Marvell Technology is a leading designer, developer and supplier of mixed-signal and digital signal processing integrated circuits for high-speed, high-density, digital data storage and broadband digital data networking markets. The company was founded in 1995 and is headquartered in Hamilton, Bermuda. Marvell trades an average of nine million shares per day with a market cap of $5.9 billion. 52-Week High: $16.86 52-Week Low: $9.98 Book Value: $8.61 Over half the analysts covering Marvell rate it as a buy or strong buy. The average analyst target price for Marvell is $14.16. The trailing 12-month price-to-earnings ratio is 12, the mean fiscal year estimate price-to-earnings ratio is 13.5, based on earnings of 77 cents per share this year. Marvell pays an annualized dividend of 24 cents, yielding 2.3%. In the last month, the stock has really taken a turn for the worse. Shares have crumbled 12.7% in the last month of trading. The last reported short interest is very small and nothing to worry about at 1.2%.
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Petroleo Brasileiro Petrobras SA ( PBR) Background: Petrobras is an integrated company operating in exploration, production, refining, retailing and transportation of petroleum and its byproducts at home and abroad. The company was founded in 1953 and is based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Petrobras trades an average of 10 million shares per day with a market cap of $83 billion. 52-Week High: $32.60 52-Week Low: $17.27 Book Value: $25.55 The P/E ratio has come down, as the current trailing 12-months P/E is 12.7 while the forward P/E is now 9.12. It appears based on the lower PE that investors are pricing in lower earnings growth. The fiscal year earnings estimate is $2.43 per share this year. This stock currently has an annualized dividend of 11 cents, yielding 0.48%. After a decline in dividend payments, I believe the shares are now in strong hands and should continue the climb in price that began in June. Technically, Petrobras has broken several areas of resistance and based on a shorter time frame, is trending higher. For the daily chart, shares have broken above the 90 day moving average and now are poised to test the 200-day moving average again shortly. PBR Free Cash Flow data by YCharts
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Arch Coal ( ACI) Background: Arch is engaged in the mining, processing and marketing of low-sulfur bituminous coal. The company sells its coal primarily to electric utilities in the eastern United States and exports coal, primarily to European customers. Arch trades an average of 11.6 million shares per day with a market cap of $1.4 billion. 52-Week High: $20.49 52-Week Low: $5.16 Book Value: $14.72 The average analyst target price for ACI is $9.77. Investors are receiving 12 cents in dividends for a yield of 1.82%. Reviewing the dividend payment history of a company is essential research. While a past payment doesn't guarantee future dividends, the history does provide color. The average dividend during the last three years was 39 cents. Over the last five years, the dividend has grown by an average of 14.3% per year. Arch will need to turn around the negative earnings results quickly or risk a shortfall for maintaining the dividend.
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Dell ( DELL) Background: Dell is a premier provider of products and services required for customers worldwide to build their information-technology and Internet infrastructures. Dell trades an average of 24 million shares per day with a market cap of $18.7 billion. 52-Week High: $18.36 52-Week Low: $10.48 Book Value: $5.62 Eleven analysts recommend this as a buy and one recommend selling. The average analyst target price for Dell is $14.50. The mean fiscal year estimate price-to-earnings ratio is 6.1, based on earnings of $1.75 per share this year. Fundamentally, 6.1 is a very low and generally reserved for companies about to "check out." Dell, in my opinion, is far from checking out, and for investors willing to hold longer term, this is perhaps one of the better value buys I have seen this year. In the last month, the stock has really taken a turn for the worse. Shares have crumbled 14.3% in the last month of trading. Dell is oversold with multiple technical market timing buy indications. Currently, the short interest based on the float is small and not a big concern. Short interest is 3%. DELL Free Cash Flow data by YCharts
I use SEC.gov, Zacks.com, WSJ.com, Tradestation and Reuters for my data. PE is generally adjusted PE based on an average number of shares. At the time of publication the author did not hold a position in any stock mentioned. This article is commentary by an independent contributor, separate from TheStreet's regular news coverage.