NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- Astoria Financial ( AF) could wind up selling for the same reason Hudson City Bancorp ( HCBK) agreed to be taken out by M&T Bank ( MTB - Get Report). Despite Moody's concern about Hudson City's credit quality, the thrift's big problem has been a narrowing net interest margin, which is the difference between a bank's average yield on loans and investments and its average cost for deposits and wholesale borrowings. Following a first-quarter 2011 restructuring that was forced by regulators and included a charge of $649.3 million to prepay $12.5 billion in higher-cost borrowings, the Hudson City prepaid another $4.3 billion in borrowings during the fourth quarter of last year, resulting in $440.7 million in charges. Hudson City remained profitable, with second-quarter earnings of $72.3 million, or 15 cents a share, for a mediocre return on average assets (ROA) of 0.66% and a return on average equity (ROE) of 6.19%, but with mortgage loan rates continuing to decline, the company's second-quarter net interest margin was a low 2.12%, declining from 2.15% in the first quarter, and 2.14% in the second quarter of 2011. Astoria is in a similar pickle, with a second-quarter net interest margin of just 2.12%, declining from 2.20% the previous quarter, and 2.34% a year earlier. The company had $17.6 billion in total assets as of June 30, and earned $12.8 million, or 13 cents a share, during the second quarter, increasing from $10 million, or 11 cents a share, during the first quarter, but declining from $16.8 million, or 18 cents a share, during the second quarter of 2011. Astoria's second-quarter ROA was a dismal 0.30%, while its return on average tangible stockholders' equity was 4.70%. The company -- headquartered in Lake Success, N.Y., with an extensive branch network in the New York City Burroughs of Queens and Brooklyn, as well as Nassau and Suffolk Counties on Long Island, and in Westchester County in New York -- has been growing its multifamily mortgage commercial real estate loan portfolios, in order to boost profitability, as single-family mortgage rates remain near historical lows. Total multifamily mortgage and commercial real estate loans grew 17% just in the second quarter, to $2.8 billion, with a weighted average rate of 5.14%, providing hope for Astoria and its investors that the company can right the ship and become more profitable.
Astoria CEO Monte Redman said in July that he was "pleased with the positive progression in our asset/liability repositioning," and that "We expect that together, the growth and repositioning of the balance sheet coupled with improved operating efficiency should benefit the net interest margin and improve profitability throughout the remainder of the year." That being said, Redman added that "with respect to the net interest margin, due to the impact of extending $500 million of borrowings in the 2012 second quarter and the additional short-term cost to carry the 5% Senior Notes until we extinguish our existing 5.75% Senior Notes, we now anticipate the net interest margin for the 2012 full year to be slightly lower than the 2011 fourth quarter margin of 2.20%." "2012 continues to be the transitional year for us with continued quarterly earnings and balance sheet growth," he said. Astoria's shares closed at $9.86 Monday, returning 19% year-to-date, following a 36% decline during 2011. The shares trade for 0.9 times tangible book value, according to Thomson Reuters Bank Insight, and for 15 times the consensus 2013 earnings estimate of 65 cents a share, among analysts polled by Thomson Reuters. The consensus 2012 EPS estimate is 52 cents. Guggenheim Securities analyst David Darst said on Aug. 10 that Astoria's shares "will begin to trade closer to
tangible book value over the next year; however, this likely will not materialize until early/mid-2013 as earnings increase." Despite the hopeful signs from such strong growth in multifamily and commercial real estate lending, Darst said that "longer term, we believe AF will need to show more significant improvement to remain independent." Darst has a neutral rating on Astoria, with a price target of $11.00. Astoria has been included in KBW's "Consolidation List" for quite some time, with analyst Fred Cannon rating the company "Market Perform," with a $9.00 price target. Darst said in July that he was "pleased with the company's expense management this quarter and improving credit trends but the margin and revenue decline likely offset the positive improvements, in our view." Bank of America Merrill Lynch analyst Kenneth Bruce has a contrary opinion, rating Astoria "Underperform," with a price objective of $6.50, saying in July that "with no yield protection, we see more downside to AF, and question the viability of its traditional thrift business model in a prolonged harsh interest rate backdrop." Bruce added that "despite the batch of optimism that has supported AF shares this year, we think it is neither a take-out candidate nor likely to exit the earnings trough anytime soon." -- Written by Philip van Doorn in Jupiter, Fla. >Contact by Email. Follow @PhilipvanDoorn