Paul Ryan's Jumbled Mutual Fund Portfolio

NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- While Mitt Romney may favor complicated overseas accounts, his running mate Paul Ryan is a more down-to-earth millionaire.

According to disclosure documents, the presumptive GOP vice presidential candidate and his wife Janna have up to $3.2 million in assets, and much of the portfolio is stashed in mutual funds. The couple's documents are posted at opensecrets.org, a Web site maintained by the Center for Responsive Politics.

Holdings include some well-known funds, such as Pimco Total Return ( PTTRX), the biggest bond fund, and Fidelity Contrafund ( FCNTX), a star performer with $82 billion in assets.

Those are good choices, but in many respects the portfolio is a jumble. Altogether the couple own more than 30 mutual funds, including eight different international funds and more than a few lemons.

The strategy of the Ryans -- or their financial advisers -- resembles the approach taken by all-too-many investors who latch onto one promising fund and then buy another that strikes their fancy. Holding too many funds, investors lose control of their portfolios and pay unnecessary expenses.

The best approach is to shop carefully for six to ten funds. The holdings should complement each other and provide adequate diversification. By buying a limited number of funds, you can keep track of each one and understand its role in the portfolio.

To demonstrate how mutual funds can be used effectively, I have designed a model portfolio for the Ryans. Holding six funds, the portfolio is suitable for someone of the couple's age and family responsibilities.

To find the funds I sorted through the couple's existing holdings, eliminating some poor performers and selecting solid funds that are worth keeping. Because the Ryans are in their 40s with three children, I set the allocation for 40% in bonds and 60% in stocks. That classic approach takes only moderate risk and allows potential for growth.

In their current portfolio, the Ryans have two intermediate-term bond funds -- Nuveen Intermediate Term Bond ( FAIIX) as well as Pimco Total Return. Both funds have similar holdings, including big stakes in government issues and high-quality mortgage-backed securities.

Because there is no reason to duplicate assets, it makes sense to keep only the Pimco fund. With bond star Bill Gross at the helm, the Pimco fund returned 7.0% annually during the past ten years, while the Nuveen fund only returned 4.7%. I will put 30% of assets in Pimco.

For some extra protection, I am including another one of the Ryans' current holdings, iShares Barclays TIPS Bond ( TIP), which owns Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities. Inflation may be tame now, but it could increase eventually. If that happens, the value of TIPS will rise and protect purchasing power. While the Ryans currently have not more than $15,000 in the TIPS ETF, I will put 10% of the model portfolio in the iShares fund.

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