|In patients with hypertension||n = 457||-0.69%||95% CI: -0.82, -0.57|
|In patients without hypertension||n = 402||-0.66%||95% CI: -0.80, -0.52|
|In patients with statin use||n = 211||-0.70%||95% CI: -0.89, -0.52|
|In patients without statin use||n = 650||-0.66%||95% CI: -0.77, -0.56|
|In patients with at least two cardiovascular risk factors||n = 459||-0.73%||95% CI: -0.85, -0.60|
|In patients with one or no risk factors||n = 402||-0.62%||95% CI: -0.75, -0.48|
|In patients with a history of cardiovascular disease||n = 110||-0.64%||95% CI: -0.90, -0.38|
|In patients without a history of cardiovascular disease||n = 746||-0.68%||95% CI: -0.78, -0.58|
|In patients with hypertension||0.6% vs. 0.7%|
|In patients without hypertension||0.2% vs. 0.0%|
|In patients with statin use||0.5% vs. 0.9%|
|In patients without statin use||0.4% vs. 0.2%|
|In patients with at least two cardiovascular risk factors||0.6% vs. 0.7%|
|In patients with one or no risk factors||0.2% vs. 0.0%|
|In patients with a history of cardiovascular disease||0.0% vs. 2.1%|
|In patients without a history of cardiovascular disease||0.5% vs. 0.1%|
- History of a serious hypersensitivity reaction to Onglyza (e.g., anaphylaxis, angioedema, or exfoliative skin conditions)
- Pancreatitis: There have been post-marketing reports of acute pancreatitis in patients taking Onglyza. After initiating Onglyza, observe patients carefully for signs and symptoms of pancreatitis. If pancreatitis is suspected, promptly discontinue Onglyza and initiate appropriate management. It is unknown whether patients with a history of pancreatitis are at increased risk of developing pancreatitis while using Onglyza.
- Use with Medications Known to Cause Hypoglycemia: When Onglyza was used in combination with a sulfonylurea or with insulin, medications known to cause hypoglycemia, the incidence of confirmed hypoglycemia was increased over that of placebo used in combination with a sulfonylurea or with insulin. Therefore, a lower dose of the insulin secretagogue or insulin may be required to minimize the risk of hypoglycemia when used in combination with Onglyza.
- Hypersensitivity Reactions: There have been post-marketing reports of serious hypersensitivity reactions in patients treated with Onglyza, including anaphylaxis, angioedema, and exfoliative skin conditions. Onset of these reactions occurred within the first 3 months after initiation of treatment with Onglyza, with some reports occurring after the first dose. If a serious hypersensitivity reaction is suspected, discontinue Onglyza, assess for other potential causes for the event, and institute alternative treatment for diabetes. Use caution in patients with a history of angioedema to another DPP-4 inhibitor as it is unknown whether they will be predisposed to angioedema with Onglyza.
- Macrovascular Outcomes: There have been no clinical studies establishing conclusive evidence of macrovascular risk reduction with Onglyza (saxagliptin) or any other antidiabetic drug.
- Most common adverse reactions (regardless of investigator assessment of causality) reported in ≥5% of patients treated with Onglyza and more commonly than in patients treated with control were upper respiratory tract infection (7.7%, 7.6%), headache (7.5%, 5.2%), nasopharyngitis (6.9%, 4.0%) and urinary tract infection (6.8%, 6.1%).
- When used as add-on combination therapy with a thiazolidinedione, the incidence of peripheral edema for Onglyza 2.5 mg, 5 mg, and placebo was 3.1%, 8.1% and 4.3%, respectively.
- Confirmed hypoglycemia was reported more commonly in patients treated with Onglyza 2.5 mg and Onglyza 5 mg compared to placebo in the add-on to glyburide trial (2.4%, 0.8% and 0.7%, respectively) and with Onglyza 5 mg compared to placebo in the add-on to insulin (with or without metformin) trial (5.3% and 3.3%, respectively).
- Patients with Renal Impairment: The dose of Onglyza is 2.5 mg once daily for patients with moderate or severe renal impairment, or with end-stage renal disease requiring hemodialysis (creatinine clearance [CrCl] ≤50 mL/min). Onglyza should be administered following hemodialysis. Onglyza has not been studied in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis. Assessment of renal function is recommended prior to initiation of Onglyza and periodically thereafter.
- Pregnant and Nursing Women: There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Onglyza (saxagliptin), like other antidiabetic medications, should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed. It is not known whether saxagliptin is secreted in human milk. Because many drugs are secreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Onglyza is administered to a nursing woman.
- Pediatric Patients: Safety and effectiveness of Onglyza in pediatric patients have not been established.