The Stock Market's Pullback Performers

The past week or so has been tough for any investor with a relatively high allocation to risky assets. I haven't rung up any JPMorgan-like losses, but my stock and commodity positions are drenched in red. The same goes for just about everyone. Global markets have pulled back a bit from what I feared were unearned (and unsustainable) highs, and are now back at a level that can be more rationally justified by underlying fundamentals.

The past two or three tumultuous weeks, however, have provided an interesting testing ground for a handful of exchange-traded funds with subtle twists on common strategies -- twists that have paid off nicely in recent trading. A couple of these ETFs are worth keeping in mind the next time stock markets start to head into a tailspin. Both delivered relatively stellar results during the recent pullback.

The first is the PowerShares S&P 500 Low Volatility Portfolio ( SPLV), a product whose investment objective is easy to determine just from the name. SPLV holds the low-volatility stocks from the S&P 500, meaning a heavier allocation towards sectors such as consumer staples and utilities, and almost no weighting afforded to financials. Steering clear of volatile stocks has obvious appeal in a downturn since it presents a way to minimize losses. But SPLV has actually posted a small gain over the past five sessions, while the ultra-popular SPY is down more than 2% over that period. When prices are falling, preserving capital is the name of the game, and SPLV has done exactly that quite nicely.

Another interesting product is the U.S. Market Neutral Anti-Beta Fund ( BTAL), which consists of long positions in low-beta stocks and short positions in high-beta stocks. The net result is a market neutral portfolio that generally thrives in chaotic environments, especially when stocks string together a multi-session losing streak. The rationale is straightforward: When markets are moving generally lower, high-beta stocks see bigger losses than their low-beta counterparts (BTAL has long and short positions in each sector, so it isn't simply a "long utilities, short financials" strategy).

The proof that BTAL works? It's up close to 7% in the last week -- a massive gain considering that the underlying portfolio has net zero exposure to U.S. equity markets. Unlike SPLV, BTAL hasn't really captivated investors. The fund has only about $6 million in assets, and very small daily trading volumes. But it's been tremendously effective as a tool for protecting against assets; those few investors who own BTAL are no doubt pleased with its recent performance.

I'm not counting on either of these ETFs keeping up their impressive pace in the short term. There are indications that the U.S. economy is continuing to plow ahead and even signs that France could be taking a more moderate route forward in its fight against austerity. But the recent performance of SPLV and BTAL are certainly noteworthy for those looking for creative tools to protect portfolios when markets go into free-fall mode without taking on a significant amount of risk.
Michael Johnston is the senior analyst and founder of ETF Database, a Web-based investment resource providing actionable ETF investment ideas and an ETF Screener for investors analyzing potential ETF investments. Johnston oversees ETF Database's free ETF Newsletter, one of the most popular sources for news and commentary focusing exclusively on the exchange-traded fund industry. Johnston also maintains and develops content for ETFdb Pro, a line of analyst reports and model portfolios designed to help investors utilize ETFs to meet their investment goals.

Johnston has completed the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) program, and obtained his bachelor's degree in finance from the University of Notre Dame. Prior to founding ETF Database, Michael worked in a private client service group performing valuations of companies operating in a wide range of industries.