About the Study

The study was a double blind, placebo controlled, parallel group Phase 2 trial conducted at 23 sites in the United States. The study enrolled 93 adult patients with persistent mild to moderate asthma that were being treated with inhaled corticosteroids, and 90 patients completed the study. The study design provided for a four-week wash-out period during which patients received a low-dose inhaled corticosteroid while discontinuing their current asthma medication (other than permitted rescue mediation). Patients were then randomized into one of two cohorts and received either placebo or oral TC-6987 once daily, together with the low-dose inhaled corticosteroid, for four weeks. Patients in the TC-6987 cohort received a 100mg dose the first day of dosing and then a 50mg dose for the remainder of the dosing period. The study concluded with a two-week follow-up period.

About Targacept

Targacept is developing a diverse pipeline of innovative NNR Therapeutics™ for difficult-to-treat diseases and disorders of the nervous system. NNR Therapeutics selectively modulate the activity of specific neuronal nicotinic receptors, unique proteins that regulate vital biological functions that are impaired in various disease states. Targacept’s clinical pipeline includes multiple Phase 2 product candidates, all representing first-in-class opportunities. Targacept leverages its scientific leadership and proprietary drug discovery platform Pentad™ to generate novel small molecule product candidates to fuel its pipeline and attract significant collaborations with global pharmaceutical companies. For more information, please visit www.targacept.com.

TARGACEPT

Building Health, Restoring Independence®

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release includes “forward-looking statements” made under the provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements include statements other than statements of historical fact regarding, without limitation: any future development of TC-6987 or of any other Targacept product candidate as a treatment for asthma; the use of NNR Therapeutics to treat non-central nervous system disorders; or Targacept’s plans, expectations or future operations, financial position, revenues, costs or expenses. Actual results, performance or experience may differ materially from those expressed or implied by any forward-looking statement as a result of various important factors, including without limitation risks and uncertainties relating to: the conduct and results of any future clinical trials or non-clinical studies or assessments of TC-6987; whether positive findings from any completed clinical trial of TC-6987 will be replicated in any future clinical trials; Targacept’s ability to protect its intellectual property related to TC-6987; and the timing and success of submission, acceptance and approval of any regulatory filings for TC-6987. Risks and uncertainties that Targacept faces are described in greater detail under the heading “Risk Factors” in Targacept's most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and in other filings that it makes with the Securities and Exchange Commission. As a result of the risks and uncertainties, the results or events indicated by the forward-looking statements may not occur. Targacept cautions you not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statement.

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