NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- "Is McDonald's an enormously bloated company?" Activist investor William Ackman of Pershing Square Capital Management said "yes" to the above rhetorical question after announcing what amounts to a 10% stake in Burger King. In the deal that has primed the "king of burgers" for a stock market return by mid-summer, Ackman may be betting that the Golden Arches are vulnerable. The hedge fund manager left a lot out of his McDonald's analysis, though.
With Super Size off the menu, is McDonalds still bloated?
Beneath the Burger King headline is a hedge fund manager who knows the McDonald's business well. In fact, Ackman may be looking to redeem value meal-related investment gains that he left on the table when he failed to fully capitalize on a doubling of profits at the world's leading restaurant. Ackman sold most of a near $1 billion McDonalds investment in 2007 after the company's stock nearly doubled over a two-year span on dividend increases and the acceleration of company-owned store sales. Ackman, who invests in a style that is a hybrid of Warren Buffett's focus on value and Carl Icahn's corporate activism, first tangled with McDonalds by taking a large stake and calling for management to spin off its company-owned stores in 2005. As Ackman and other Burger King investors, including majority stake owner 3G Capital look to flip the Whopper-creator for a fast food profit with their share stakes in the company's imminent IPO, McDonalds shareholders aren't likely to look on with much envy. Ackman, on the other hand, may try to instill some of McDonald's recent successful ways at Burger King. For all of Ackman's negativity on McDonald's bloated size in a conference call announcing the Burger King investment -- he did praise McDonalds as "one of the greatest stories of all time." Meanwhile, Burger King has failed to realize many of the menu diversification opportunities and international growth prospects that McDonalds has capitalized on in recent years. McDonalds rebuffed Ackman's notion of spinning stores into a publicly traded real estate investment trust and a prospective $300 million buyback in 2005. However, the company has dramatically outperformed the S&P 500 by heeding some of Ackman's advice and capitalizing on other smart moves. Recently retired CEO Jim Skinner followed Ackman's call to monetize real estate assets. The company now franchises roughly 80% of its stores, as it focuses on keeping menu items relevant at its 33,000 restaurants that serve 68 million visitors a day, according to McDonalds' Web site. Yes, McDonald's is enormously large with nearly 2 million employees, but that hasn't stopped it from meeting competitive threats to its core business and acting as an insurgent in other markets. In the last five years, McDonalds shares are up over 100%, to near record highs hovering around $100. In Thursday trading, McDonalds' shares were up over 1% to $98.62, just off record highs of $102.22 reached earlier in 2012.