Tony Lutfi's experience centers in the restaurant industry, where he spent more than three decades in various positions in restaurants at the line and executive levels. Now as CEO of MarLu Investment Group, a multiconcept franchise ownership and management company, Lutfi gets to use that experience to invest in restaurant concepts with proven records of success. MarLu owns roughly 90 franchises in California, Nevada, Texas and Arizona, including names such as Arby's, Little Caesars Pizza, Church's Chicken, Sizzler, Jack In The Box ( JACK) and one non-restaurant concept -- Sears ( SHLD). "I think most people are curious about how you manage several brands that often go in several directions," Lutfi says. "Certain brands do well for short periods of time and are very cyclical. So while some brands are doing well, other brands are not doing well. The strategy of diversity within
Dina Dwyer's father started The Dwyer Group in 1981 with just one brand: Rainbow International, originally a carpet dying and cleaning company. Between 1989 and 1996, The Dwyer Group expanded by creating or acquiring other service-related brands -- Aire Serv, Glass Doctor, Mr. Appliance, Mr. Electric and Mr. Rooter -- and has expanded to become a fire and flood restoration company for residential and commercial properties. In 2010, The Dwyer Group partnered with Canadian landscaping company The Grounds Guys to build out its U.S. operations. The group has more than 1,300 franchises in the United States and Canada and runs several hundred more through master licensees internationally. The secret to The Dwyer Group's success, Dina Dwyer says, is in its ability to centralize each company's support infrastructure, such as accounting, IT, marketing and legal. Her father "had a vision for having a collection of franchised companies serving the same customer base," she says. That supports multiple brands without adding a lot of overhead or personnel. The reality is, it took many years to gain the economies of scale and perfect those support divisions her father had envisioned, she says. There were some failures, although looking back it's not hard to see why the brands ultimately got kicked to the side: They didn't fit within the company's core service-related businesses for the high-end residential customer. "For us lesson one
Greg Carafello is the Cartridge World master franchisee to 46 locations in New York City and New Jersey and recently bought the rights to another 11 in Maryland, Virginia and Washington, D.C., with room to open as many as 60 locations there. Carafello had owned a printing business, which was based in the World Trade Centers. While his business survived the 9/11 attacks, it did not survive the recession that ensued. He ended up selling the business in 2004. Cartridge World, which is a specialty retailer of printer and toner cartridges, was a natural extension to the business he already knew. It was also while owning the printing business that Carafello took note of a tax service provider for which he once made signs -- Jackson Hewitt ( JTX). Liberty Tax Service was started in the late 1990s by John Hewitt, the former founder of Jackson Hewitt, after he acquired a small Canadian tax services provider. According to Carafello, the company is growing fast from a base of just over 4,000 U.S. stores. In 2010, he became an area developer for the company for its New York-New Jersey franchises. He has already acquired 21 franchises and says the area has room for up to dozens more. Carafello says the common theme in his franchise companies is that they are selling products or services everyone needs, but may not be very sexy. "Cartridge World is a 12-month business. Everybody uses printer cartridges. That's an everyday need," he says. "Liberty is the same thing. It's another boring business, but Liberty is a four-to-five month business." Hewitt is "a proven resource. There's just some things you got to bet on, and I am betting on him. Taxes aren't going anywhere fast," he continues. He ensures franchisees are successful by "leveraging my knowledge in finding the right candidates and supporting the candidates," he says.
Cathy Amato knows a thing or two about franchising. She has been working as part of Subway's franchise development team since 1992. She and two partners also own 55 Subway franchises in the San Antonio and Austin markets and three Ruby Tuesday's ( RT) and is adding better-burger franchise Mooyah to the roster. Last year she signed an agreement with one of her two partners to become development agents for Mooyah for South Central Texas. With their first Mooyah to open in March, they hope to be able to expand the brand to 50 restaurants in the area by 2020. Even though she is an employee and franchisee of Subway, she is not restricted from owning other franchises so long as they are not direct competitors to the sandwich shop's locations. "Every one of my concepts, they're all in different categories," Amato says. "Fast-casual burgers does not compete with Subway's fast food." Multibrand franchising appealed to Amato. "I'm very aware that most people that start their own restaurants fail. I really wanted to go with a proven brand that I thought would give me a higher chance of success," she says of Ruby Tuesday's. "The brand was looking to develop west of the Mississippi. My husband had eaten at one and enjoyed their food." The road has been hard because Texas is considered an "emerging market" for Ruby Tuesday's and there is little brand recognition there among consumers. But Amato is confident her Ruby Tuesday's and Mooyah sites will be successful. "You have to feel that the brand has the ability to go any place and stand on its own two feet," Amato says. "I've seen a lot of regional chains
Gary Green founded Strategic Franchising Systems in 1994 as the home base for his entrepreneurial ideas. Green has founded six franchise concepts -- Home Helpers, Direct Link, The Growth Coach, Fresh Coat, Caring Transitions and True Blue House Care. The more than 3,000 franchises are in a variety of service-related industries, including senior services, business coaching, painting and online auctions, but all are home-based systems that are low-initial-cost investments. "I look for business that are already accepted. There is a tremendous need for it. People want your services. And we're just really good at creating a brand and marketing to differentiate our franchises from the competition," he says. "Each company operates independent of one another. Each company has a president responsible to the brand," Green says. But like The Dwyer Group, the brands share administrative, back-of-the-house functions. Green says one of the advantages of having several brands under the same parent company is the ability to share best practices and expertise. Green's background before franchising was as entrepreneurial as it gets. "I've owned many different businesses -- airports, dude ranches, I developed a yogurt franchise ... but it turned out to be a fad," he says. He admits he is better as an idea generator than as a manager. "What stimulates me is to come up with different ideas and watch them grow into an organization. There's people better at operating them than me," he says. What Green learned from all those experiences is to never go into business on a fad and to keep costs as low as possible. "Bricks-and-mortar, for lack of better words, you're really betting the farm. If it doesn't work, you still have to pay the landlord the money, get a loan, hire employees," he says. "I really realized that when you got into a business that has a lot of overhead you have to do a tremendous amount of volume just to pay your bills. It seems like there is not much left over for the individual." His service-related franchises require "very little overhead, operates out of your house with a separate telephone line. And the majority stays in your pocket," he says. -- Written by Laurie Kulikowski in New York. To contact Laurie Kulikowski, send an email to: Laurie.Kulikowski@thestreet.com. To follow Laurie Kulikowski on Twitter, go to: http://twitter.com/#!/LKulikowski
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