NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped below the 11,000 level and the other major U.S. equity indices plunged more than 6% as an unprecedented downgrade to the U.S. credit rating intensified worries about the global economic outlook.

The Dow has plummeted 9% in just three trading days, trading as low as 10,839 in late-afternoon trading Monday. The blue-chip index has not closed below 11,000 since September 2010.

By the closing bell, the Dow settled down 635 points, or 5.5%, at 10,811. The S&P 500 lost 80 points, or 6.7%, to 1120, and the Nasdaq closed down 175 points, or 6.9%, at 2358.

The decision from rating agency Standard & Poor's to cut its rating on the U.S. government's debt to AA+ from AAA triggered a widespread selloff starting with global equities overnight. S&P's announcement late Friday night followed a week that saw U.S. equities lose 7% .

The Dow plummeted to session lows after President Obama emphasized that U.S.'s challenge has to do with a long-term debt solution, not a credit problem. The president said reform does not require "radical steps," calling instead for tax increases and spending cuts. He also urged Congress to extend the payroll tax cut and unemployment benefits.

Strategists have noted that the adverse reaction Monday was in part psychological. The loss of the U.S.'s triple-A rating "may lead investors to feel that the world is suddenly a riskier place," said Aaron Gurwitz, Barclays Wealth chief investment officer, in a recent note.

"Since the downgrade contains no new information about how risky the world is -- only that a rating agency decided to opine on Friday that the world was riskier than they'd previously said it was -- this effect should be ephemeral," he added.

Few investors think that the U.S. will default on its debt, said Alan Gayle, senior investment strategist at RidgeWorth Investments. "At the end of the day, it's about the trends in economic growth."

Underlining the depth of investor worries, the VIX, Wall Street's so-called fear index, which is based on options activity in the S&P 500, soared nearly 40% to 45, a level unseen since May 2010.

Gold prices shot to an all-time high , rising above $1,721 an ounce as the uncertain climate triggered a flight to quality. Gold for December delivery gained $61 to settle at $1,710 an ounce.

Investors were still treating Treasuries as a safe-haven asset despite the U.S. downgrade . The benchmark 10-year Treasury jumped 1 2/32, diluting the yield to 2.33%. The dollar strengthened against a basket of currencies, with the dollar index up by 0.2%.

As an indication of heightened recessionary fears, oil prices were plunging with the September crude oil contract shedding more than $5 to settle at $81.31 a barrel.

On Monday, S&P also cut ratings on government-sponsored mortgage giants Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and 10 of the 12 Federal Home Loan Banks to AA+ from AAA.


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Action from euro officials to quell debt contagion fears did little to convince investors that the global outlook was any better. Late Sunday, the European Central Bank announcement plans to "actively implement" its bond-purchase purchase program in Italy and Spain.

The FTSE in London dropped 3.4%, and the DAX in Frankfurt plunged 5%. Hong Kong's Hang Seng declined 2.2%, and Japan's Nikkei also closed 2.2% lower.

Calling Monday's market action a "bloodbath," BTIG Chief Global Strategist Dan Greenhaus said, "It's tough to separate out right now what's the effect of the downgrade versus what reflects concerns about global economic growth or the mismanagement of the eurozone crisis. To the extent that investors are nervous, wary, and risk-adverse, the downgrade is certainly exacerbating that."

"We've been down 10 of the last 11 sessions and we're down about 14% over the last 11 sessions. In the post-war era, that's nearly unparalleled," he said.

Energy and financial sectors were getting hit the hardest with Bank of America ( BAC), JPMorgan Chase ( JPM) and American Express ( AXP) among the biggest laggards alongside Alcoa ( AA) and Caterpillar ( CAT).

Consumer staples were seeing the mildest losses. Procter & Gamble ( PG), Intel ( INTC), Coca-Cola ( KO), and Johnson & Johnson ( JNJ) traded near the top of the Dow.

The market was a sea of red with 94% of the 7.8 billion shares trading on the > New York Stock Exchange trading lower and only 6% gaining ground. Some 2.9 billion shares changed hands on the Nasdaq.

Nearly 99% of stocks trading on the S&P 500 lost ground, with only 5 of the 500 stocks posting gains.

In corporate news, insurer AIG ( AIG) plans to sue Bank of America ( BAC) for losses on more than hundreds of mortgage-backed securities, according to a New York Times report. The suit seeks to recover more than $10 billion in losses on $28 billion of investments . AIG's stock plummeted 10% to $22.61 and Bank of America's stock plunged 20% at $6.53.

Rio Tinto ( RIO) and Japan's Mitsubishi offered to buy the shares that they don't already own in Australia's Coal & Allied Industries on Monday. The offer of 122 Australian dollars ($126.50) a share values Coal & Allied -- Australia's sixth-largest coal mine -- at 10.6 billion Australian dollars ($11 billion) . Rio Tinto is currently Coal & Allied's largest shareholder with a 75.71% stake. Mitsubishi holds 10.2%. Rio Tinto shares lost 11% at $54.65.

Reinsurer Transatlantic Holdings ( TRH) announced Sunday that it received a $3.25 billion buyout offer from National Indemnity , a unit of Warren Buffet's Berkshire Hathaway ( BRK.A). The offer of $52 for each outstanding share represents a 15% premium to Transatlantic's Friday closing price. Shares of Transatlantic Holdings gained 4.1% to $47.08 and Berkshire's B shares lost 2.6% at $69.42.

Forty-five thousand Verizon ( VZ) workers from Massachusetts to Washington, D.C., went on strike Sunday after negotiations failed to yield a new labor contract for more than one-fifth of the company's workforce. Verizon's stock lost 5% to $33.66.

-- Written by Chao Deng and Melinda Peer in New York.