Reported GDP in 2009: $36.3 billion
Reported GDP today: $39.6 billion
Population change 2000-10: 2.3%
Government jobs in New York State aren't what they once were, but a quarter of the Capital District's work force is still gainfully employed by the state, giving Albany the lowest unemployment rate in New York. Health care providers such as Albany Medical Center and St. Peter's Health Care Services and universities including Union College, Siena College and the State University of New York at Albany have kept the area both recession-resistant and afloat. In fact, the overwhelming majority of Albany residents managed to keep both their jobs and their homes during the recession, as Albany's foreclosure rate last year was a paltry 0.27%, according to RealtyTrac. That's great compared with the 2.23% rate for the U.S. and far better than the 10.9% rate experienced by homeowners in ex-boomtown Las Vegas.