BOSTON (TheStreet) -- Standard & Poor's move to lower the company's outlook on the long-term rating of the U.S. sovereign debt to negative may have caught investors by surprise, but Michael Pento, senior economist with Euro Pacific Capital, has been making this case for years."It's not a surprise to me," Pento says of Standard & Poor's revision. "It's clearly late. But at least S&P is now waking up to the fact that the American sovereign debt picture is unsustainable and eventually we have to default on our debt in some form."
But given S&P's outlook revision, Nolte understands it's all about the triple-A rating of the U.S. and how safe that rating is. "It's the first question out of everyone's mouth, when or if that will go away," he says. "You have to handicap it." The timing of S&P's release of the report may be confusing, but investment managers argue it's easy to invest on the news. Following the release of the S&P's report, the 10-year U.S. Treasury dropped in price, pushing the yield closer to 3.5%. While he criticizes S&P for its lateness in the outlook revision, Pento says investors should not ignore the point the ratings agency is making. "You get 3.5% over 10 years and you have Standard & Poor's telling you that your credit outlook is negative," Pento says. "What interest do you want to get paid on that? Wake up, America. Wake up, Chinese, Japanese and Europeans. You are not getting paid back in real terms the money you have lent us." Investors were already concerned about rising rates before Monday's jolt, as the Federal Reserve is widely expected to end its second round of quantitative easing in June. The central bank has been the biggest buyer in the market, snatching up $600 billion in the liquidity program known as QE2. Pento offers two areas where investors should turn in the wake of S&P's revision. "Despite the fact that some people think it's a bubble, investors should have significant exposure to precious metals and energy," he says. "That's your first line of defense against a currency that is being crumbled." While the Dow Jones Industrial Average and S&P 500 dropped nearly 2% Monday, gold stocks like Newmont Mining ( NEM) and Royal Gold ( RGLD) were holding onto gains as gold rose to nearly $1,500 an ounce. Andrew Fitzpatrick, director of investments with Chicago-based Hinsdale Associates, says investors should manage risk exposure by diversifying and cushion the shocks in the market. He argues that there are a lot of risks inherent to metals and commodities. "Despite being a hedge, it could suffer losses by correlating closer to the stock market," he says. Instead, Fitzpatrick turns to market-leading dividend payers like Procter & Gamble ( PG - Get Report) and Tyco International ( TYC) for downside protection and global exposure, and he looks to growth names like EMC ( EMC) and Apple ( AAPL - Get Report) as tech names for upside opportunity.
Meanwhile, Nolte says the debt issue will develop over the next five to 10 years, and will have less of an impact over the short term. To capitalize on that, he is turning to stocks like Philip Morris ( PM - Get Report), PepsiCo ( PEP - Get Report) and Coca-Cola ( KO - Get Report), which offer global exposure and healthy dividends. Even with the opportunities investment managers see in the market currently, they all acknowledge how serious the S&P warning is for investors. "This is a very serious situation," Pento adds. "We have a credit rating of the world's reserve currency taken to negative from stable. This is a dramatic, watershed moment in American history. It has epic ramifications for us and our children." -- Written by Robert Holmes in Boston. >To contact the writer of this article, click here: Robert Holmes. >To follow Robert Holmes on Twitter, go to http://twitter.com/RobTheStreet. >To submit a news tip, send an email to: firstname.lastname@example.org.