a. Vivendi considers Financial Net Debt, a non-GAAP measure, to be an important indicator in measuring Vivendi’s indebtedness.As of December 31, 2009, Vivendi changed the definition of Financial Net Debt to include certain cash management financial assets the characteristics of which do not strictly comply with the definition of cash equivalents as defined by the Recommendation of the AMF and IAS 7. In particular, such financial assets may have a maturity of up to 12 months. Considering that no investment in such assets was made prior to 2009, the retroactive application of this change of presentation has no impact on Financial Net Debt for the relevant periods and the information presented in respect of the previous fiscal years from 2006 to 2008, is consistent. Financial Net Debt is calculated as the sum of long-term and short-term borrowings and other long-term and short-term financial liabilities as reported on the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position, less cash and cash equivalents as reported on the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position as well as derivative financial instruments in assets and cash deposits backing borrowings (included in the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position under “financial assets”) as well as, from this point forward, certain cash management financial assets. Financial Net Debt should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, Vivendi’s borrowings and other financial liabilities and cash and cash equivalents reported on the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position, as presented in the Appendix V, as well as other measures of indebtedness reported in accordance with GAAP. Vivendi Management uses Financial Net Debt for reporting and planning purposes, as well as to comply with certain debt covenants of Vivendi. b. Capex, net corresponds to cash used for capital expenditures, net of proceeds from sales of property, plant, equipment and intangible assets. c. Vivendi considers that the non-GAAP measure cash flow from operations (CFFO) as a relevant indicator of the group’s operating and financial performance. This indicator should be considered in addition to, not as substitutes for, other GAAP measures as reported in Vivendi’s cash flow statement described in the group’s Consolidated Financial Statements, as presented in the Appendix VI.