2. Bank of America ( BAC) is a financial-services company. It's the top mortgage lender in the U.S. Quarter: Bank of America's third-quarter loss widened to $7.3 billion, or 77 cents a share, hurt by a goodwill impairment charge in its credit card business due to a new regulatory rule. The company swung to an adjusted profit of $3.1 billion, or 27 cents, from a year-ago loss. Revenue fell 2%. The gross margin jumped from 43% to 66% and the operating margin climbed from 11% to 31%. Bank of America has $840 billion of debt, equal to a debt-to-equity ratio of 3.6. Valuation: Bank of America's stock sells for a forward earnings multiple of 7.6, a book value multiple of 0.5, a sales multiple of 0.8 and a cash flow multiple of 1, 32%, 42%, 51% and 95% discounts to diversified financial services industry averages. Bank of America is selling at a discount to its five-year average earnings multiple of 15 and its profit spreads consistently exceed peer averages. The company's shares have fallen 22% in 2010 amid mortgage regulatory scrutiny. Dividend: Bank of America pays a quarterly dividend of one cent, converting to a paltry yield of 0.3%. Its dividend was cut from a high of 68 cents during the recession as the bank accepted federal TARP money.