BOSTON ( TheStreet) -- The computer software and hardware industries have rebounded as large companies including Oracle ( ORCL), Cisco ( CSCO) and IBM ( IBM) outperformed stock-market indices, posted impressive earnings and won investors' confidence.

The same can't be said for many small-cap computer-peripheral companies. Bit players' offerings are too specialized and fail to be vital to business systems to make their future look anything other than uncertain.

The line between the haves and have-nots has grown wider in the economic slump. Smaller companies like Mercury Computer Systems ( MRCY), Rimage ( RIMG) and Stratasys ( SSYS) have posted outsized gains over the past year, leading to high volatility and values that are out of whack with the stock market. Even growth investors should be shaking their heads at Mercury and Rimage since estimated growth rates are nothing to get excited about. Stratasys, on the other hand, has favorable growth prospects, but with a return on equity of only 3.25%, the company still has a long way to go before it can match the bigger names in tech.

Specialty products such as disc recorders and signal-processing equipment aren't as ubiquitous as servers and software packages. Because of that, it's far easier for customers to put off upgrading outdated, though functional, specialty equipment.

The best combination for early-stage-rebound bets is expensive, but necessary, components that may have been unattainable during the recession but are key to a company's operations. Smaller components are a better play for later in the economic recovery when the stock market is back on solid ground and companies can once again spend on improving non-vital systems.

Small-cap tech companies are volatile because of the limited number of outstanding shares and sector exposure, a combination that can result in huge gains. Still, risk-adjusted returns are weak compared with other small caps in more stable industries or larger technology companies.

Riding out rough patches is something best done in more established holdings. Bigger companies are less likely to experience huge value swings and are better positioned to bounce back as business and consumer spending returns. For the time being, mobile-technology companies make for smarter investments than computer peripherals do.

-- Reported by David MacDougall in Boston.

David MacDougall is hosting a live chat in the Stockpickr Forums on March 4, starting at 10 a.m. EST. Log in or sign up at Stockpickr to submit your questions!

Prior to joining Ratings, David MacDougall was an analyst at Cambridge Associates, an investment consulting firm, where he worked with private equity and venture capital funds. He graduated cum laude from Northeastern University with a bachelor's degree in finance and is a Level III CFA candidate.