Despite the recent scrutiny of leveraged ETFs, Direxion continues to grow its triple fund line. On July 16, Direxion launched the Daily Real Estate Bull 3x Shares ( DRN) and its inverse, the Daily Real Estate Bear 3x Shares ( DRV). Both funds are designed to give investors returns that are either plus or minus 3 times exposure to the MSCI U.S. REIT Index ( RMZ), updated on a daily basis. The sales practices of leveraged ETFs have come under fire in June and July. Beginning with a notice from FINRA in June, the regulatory scope has been set squarely on leveraged funds. The original notice begins: "Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that offer leverage or that are designed to perform inversely to the index or benchmark they track--or both--are growing in number and popularity. While such products may be useful in some sophisticated trading strategies, they are highly complex financial instruments that are typically designed to achieve their stated objectives on a daily basis. "Due to the effects of compounding, their performance over longer periods of time can differ significantly from their stated daily objective. Therefore, inverse and leveraged ETFs that are reset daily typically are unsuitable for retail investors who plan to hold them for longer than one trading session, particularly in volatile markets." Not surprisingly, leveraged fund issuers like Direxion and ProShares have already begun adopting this language into their websites and ad campaigns. More recently, the Attorney General of Massachusetts began looking into the sales products of leveraged funds as well. Read more about this in this article. Despite the increased disclosure and regulation, however, the high trading volume of many leveraged funds continues to prompt issuers to launch new ETFs. The latest leveraged real estate offerings from Direxion show a striking similarity to a pair of real estate ETFs launched by ProShares in mid 2007.
ProShares Ultra Real Estate ( URE) and ProShares UltraShort Real Estate ( SRS) offer two times leverage to the MSCI U.S. REIT Index. Both Proshares funds dropped considerably during the year; URE has fallen by a sizeable 43.01%, while SRS has deteriorated 63.32%. The daily compounding effect of leveraged ETFs can erode the price of these funds in the presence of market volatility. As the prices drop, investors are required to buy an increasingly larger number of shares to make the same kind of daily bets. Large trading volume begins to attract the attention of retail investors, and many investors who should not consider the funds become interested. Direxion recently executed a reverse split in two of its most popular funds Direxion Shares Daily Financial Bull ETF ( FAS) and Direxion Shares Daily Financial Bear ( FAZ) in order to lower transactional costs for sophisticated traders. See this article on how the split could set straight two Direxion ETFs. The title of FINRA's notice about leveraged ETFs is "Non-Traditional ETFs," and investors would be well advised to take that statement quite literally. Leveraged ETFs, futures-based commodity ETFs, ETNs, actively managed ETFs and target-date ETFs are all "non-traditional" additions to the ETF universe. These more exotic types of ETF products should be categorized differently from traditional ETFs and used only by sophisticated investors. See article on how comprehension is key in leveraged ETFs.