Updated from 10:57 a.m. ESTU.S. stocks were trading higher Friday as traders shrugged off the worst monthly unemployment reading in more than a decade and troubling earnings statements from the automotive sector. The Dow Jones Industrial Average was up 131 points at 8826, and the S&P 500 added 13 points to 918. The Nasdaq jumped 25 points to 1634. Economic data releases continued to point to a dismal downturn. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that October nonfarm payrolls declined by 240,000, worse than analysts' projections of 200,000. The September job-loss figure was revised to 284,000 from 159,000. The unemployment rate came in at 6.5%, its highest reading since 1994 and above economists' estimates of 6.3%. "We knew it was coming," said Neil Hennessy, fund manager at Hennessy Funds. "When your stock is down 50-60%, why not clean your company out? Clean everything off the books, simply because you might as well go into 2009 and 2010 lean. "Everything gets blown out of proportion for short-term consideration," said Hennessy. He said that U.S. employees are highly resilient. "They're not going to stay unemployed. ... If you take what we've already gone through, which is the auto, housing and finance -- those three sectors got absolutely annihilated -- and we're still here." "The fourth quarter is shaping up to be one of the weakest in decades," wrote Chris Low, chief economist at FTN Financial, in an email. "The Fed will almost certainly cut rates to less than 1%, but there's not much more they can do there." He said the numbers bolster the argument for fiscal stimulus and that the Treasury may once again intervene in the financial system.
The Census Bureau's wholesale inventories report for September showed a decline of 0.1%, down from a 0.6% increase in August but below the consensus forecast of a 0.3% uptick. The National Association of Realtors' pending home sales index declined 4.6%, a heftier loss than the 3.4% anticipated by analysts. In terms of corporate news, quarterly earnings statements were still occupying investor attention. U.S. automakers unveiled results that showed a crippling slowdown in the industry. Automaker Ford ( F) said it lost $129 million for the third quarter and burned $7.7 million in cash and said it would cut additional jobs. General Motors ( GM) shares stopped trading ahead of its earnings release. The company announced a loss that was much heavier than anticipated and reported $6.9 billion in negative cash flow for the quarter. Paul Nolte, director of investments at Hinsdale Associates, said that GM's loss wasn't much of a surprise. With auto sales at current levels, he said, "We'll probably lose one of the big three within the next year. ... We could lose two." Nolte said that GM isn't getting killed so much by its auto business as by its financing arm. "They've gotten well away from the basic business and they've been caught in an economy that's turned away from both sides." Staying with autos, Bloomberg reported that GM, Ford and Chrysler are looking to get $50 billion in loans from the government to cover health care spending and general liquidity. Such aid would come on top of $25 billion loan passed by Congress in September.
Entertainment giant Disney ( DIS) reported decreased earnings, in part because of a charge related to debt owed by bankrupt brokerage Lehman Brothers. Fellow entertainment firm Discovery Communications ( DISCA) beat Wall Street estimates on both the top and bottom lines, and offered in-line guidance for its fiscal 2008 revenue. Construction management firm Fluor ( FLR) reported a large rise in third-quarter income. Meanwhile, communication equipment manufacturer Qualcomm ( QCOM) announced falling profit and lowered its forward outlook. Telecom firm Sprint Nextel ( S) swung to a third-quarter loss but announced it renegotiated terms of a credit facility and cut its debt levels. Beyond earnings, Microsoft ( MSFT) CEO Steve Ballmer said that his company doesn't intend to work out a merger deal with Yahoo! ( YHOO), according to a report by Bloomberg. Elsewhere on the merger front, Panasonic ( PC) and Sanyo Electric announced they were discussing a potential deal. Looking at the financials, The Wall Street Journal reported that troubled insurance giant AIG ( AIG) was working with federal officials to potentially alter the terms of an $85 billion loan the government gave to AIG. In analyst actions, JPMorgan cut 2009 earnings estimates on Goldman Sachs ( GS) and Morgan Stanley ( MS). The reduction in the Goldman estimates was tied to private-equity losses. In commodities, crude oil was gaining 32 cents to $61.09 a barrel. Gold was adding $2.30 to $734.50 an ounce. Longer-dated U.S. Treasury securities were falling in price. The 10-year note was down 18/32, yielding 3.75%, and the 30-year was lower by 20/32 to yield 4.23%. The dollar was higher vs. the yen, but softening against the euro and pound.
Credit markets continued their loosening streak. Three-month dollar Libor dropped 10 basis points to 2.29%, a four-year low, indicating that interest-rate cuts from central banks around the world were having an impact. Overnight Libor remained level at 0.33%. Abroad, European indices gaining ground, as the FTSE in London and the Dax in Frankfurt traded higher. Asian exchanges were mixed, as Japan's Nikkei ended down and Hong Kong's Hang Seng closed with gains.