Updated from 4:08 p.m. EDTStocks in New York maintained their gains into Thursday's close as a bailout for financial firms appeared ready to quickly pass through Congress. The Dow Jones Industrial Average ended up 196.89 points, or 1.8%, at 11,022.06, and the S&P 500 climbed 23.31 points, or 2%, to 1209.18. The Nasdaq added 30.89 points, or 1.4%, to 2186.57. On Wednesday, the three major indices finished narrowly mixed after a day of erratic trading. Investors were focused on Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson's $700 billion bailout plan for the financial sector. On Thursday afternoon, lawmakers appeared ready to move forward with the bailout package, raising hopes that the bill be finalized by Friday. "This crisis could result in a deflationary period, and that obviously would mean a prolonged, serious -- not recession, but depression," said Peter Cardillo, chief market economist at Avalon Partners. However, the bailout plan is not without a price tag, he said. "It means the printing presses at Treasury will be running on full cylinders," said Cardillo, which means inflation remains a concern, "but it's the lesser of the two evils."
For the system to function properly, the market needs to unwind derivatives and mortgage-backed assets, said Marc Pado, U.S. market strategist at Cantor Fitzgerald. "They're not going to take the risk
of lending unless they know they can sell their toxic assets and the government is going to buy them." In the meantime, he said, institutions are holding on to their capital tightly. Pado said the government's management of the most troubled mortgage-backed assets remains a concern. "They really haven't addressed that other than Paulson has said that some of this is going to have to be spun off to management agencies," he said. Back on Wall Street, harried bank Washington Mutual ( WM) was approaching private equity companies, including Carlyle Group and Blackstone ( BX), about a potential takeover, according to a report in The Wall Street Journal Thursday. Shares dropped 25% to $1.69. Industrial conglomerate General Electric lowered its third-quarter profit forecast and suspended its stock-buyback program, citing weakness in the financial markets. The stock gained 4.4% to $25.68. Cardillo said that ahead of earnings season, the market is expecting many corporations to lower their estimates, and he expects trading to remain defensive, without many drastic moves to the upside or to the downside. Elsewhere, shareholders in Delta ( DAL) and Northwest ( NWA) are scheduled to vote on a merger between the two airlines, according to a report by the Associated Press. Delta added 0.4% to $8.06, and Northwest dropped 1.1% to $9.88. Occidental Petroleum ( OXY) announced it would buy the remainder of two oil and gas fields in the Midwest from partner Plains Exploration & Production ( PXP) for $1.25 billion. Occidental already owned a 50% interest in the fields. Oxy shares gained 1.6% to $77.88, and Plains Exploration & Production jumped 4.5% to $38.17.
As for corporate earnings, athletic apparel maker Nike ( NKE) reported first-quarter profit that increased year over year and bested the Street's estimates. Shares were higher by 9.7% at $65.01. Discover Financial ( DFS) reported earnings that declined 11% year over year but still beat analyst expectations. Discover dropped 2.6% to $14.82. In analyst actions, Stifel Nicolaus initiated coverage of the airlines, assigning buy ratings to United parent UAL ( UAL), Delta ( DAL), Continental ( CAL) and American parent AMR ( AMR). Southwest ( LUV) garnered a hold rating from Stifel. Looking at the day's economic data, the Census Bureau reported August durable-goods orders fell by 4.5%, a far wider decline than the 1.3% drop expected by economists and down from a 0.8% increase in July. The Department of Labor reported that jobless claims for the week ended Sept. 20 came in at 493,000, ahead of analyst forecast of 450,000 and up from 455,000 in July. Cardillo of Avalon Partners said that the economy looks to remain at a standstill for now but said that the spike in unemployment claims could be related to the damage wreaked by Hurricane Gustav. A bit later, the Census Bureau announced that new-home sales for August came in at an annual rate of 460,000, below economists' forecast of 518,000 units. The question now, said Pado of Cantor Fitzgerald, is whether the housing market can reach a level where prices stabilize and lenders regain confidence that they can issue mortgages. He said that the rate of decline in home prices is declining, but he doesn't foresee an end to declines in housing prices until the second quarter of 2009.
The price of crude oil was up $2.29 to settle at $108.02 a barrel. Gold was down $13 to $882 an ounce. Longer-term U.S. Treasury securities were mixed. The 10-year was down 8/32 to yield 3.84%, and the 30-year was gaining 12/32, yielding 4.39%. The dollar was gaining on its major foreign competitors. Overseas, European exchanges such as the FTSE in London and the Dax in Frankfurt were gaining ground. In Asia, Japan's Nikkei and Hong Kong's Hang Seng finished with losses.