Ambac Financial's ( ABK) plan to raise $1 billion through a stock offering disappointed investors hoping for a bailout, sending the financial sector and overall market plummeting Wednesday.

Ambac shares plummeted as much as 19.8% after saying it would sell $1 billion worth of its stock and $500 million in equity units in an attempt to add to its capital base to backstop losses to debt it insures. The move is designed to save its remaining triple-A credit ratings, critical for the company to win new business. More recently, the stock was down 14.2% to $9.20.

Larger rival MBIA ( MBI), which has raised $2.6 billion in new capital so far, also sank 4% on the news to $12.46. The NYSE Financial Sector Index slipped 43.34 to 7,160.76.

Ratings changes also were weighing on stocks negatively. Citigroup downgraded the U.S. specialty finance real estate investment trust sector, saying the credit market dislocation appears to be intensifying and the credit overhang may be too big for the Federal Reserve to solve in the short term. Stocks in the sector were downgraded to hold from buy. They include iStar Financial ( SFI), which dropped 43 cents to $16.35; Gramercy Capital ( GKK), which descended 66 cents to $17.60; KKR Financial ( KFN), which lost 93 cents to $13.04; and NewStar Financial ( NEWS), which fell 42 cents to $5.16.

An upgrade from Morgan Stanley wasn't enough to revive mortgage lender Fannie Mae ( FNM). Based on the lower valuation of the stock, the analyst moved the rating to equal-weight from underweight, although the mortgage sector was cut to cautious from in-line. Freddie Mac ( FRE) was maintained at equal-weight and is preferred by the analyst over Fannie. Freddie was trading at $21.48 down 4.9% and Fannie fell 6.3% to $24.32.

CompuCredit's ( CCRT) stock slipped 6.3% to $9.32 after a Jefferies & Co. analyst downgraded the lender to hold from buy, saying more of its borrowers are failing to repay their debts. The Atlanta-based company issues credit cards and car loans to consumers with questionable credit histories.

Among the few winners, mortgage insurer MGIC ( MTG) ticked up 1.1% to $14.34. On Monday, the company said in a regulatory filing that it planned to sell stock in order to raise capital, as well as exploring other means to boost its capital levels. The company expects to pay up to $2 billion in claims this year.

Brokerage deals continue to get done with Bear Stearns ( BSC) seeing a rise in share price after CITIC Securities announced it was negotiating to take its stake in Bear to just under 10%. Bear was up, but more recently was falling 1.9% to $79.74. Also, Ladenburg Thalman Financial Services ( LTS) said it has agreed to buy Punk, Ziegel & Co., a New York City specialty investment bank, for an undisclosed amount. The Miami-based investment bank was up 4% to $1.81.

If you liked this article you might like

Health Becomes a Big Focus at the NY Consumer Electronics Show

Philip Morris Cuts Earnings Forecast, Acquires E-Cigarettes Maker

Stock Trading Volume Expected to Drop During World Cup Match

Lennar Homes' Higher Prices Doesn't Scare Away Buyers

Wearable Technology is Going To The Dogs With Voyce