Emerging markets took a dive as investors worldwide re-evaluated the growth potential of both the U.S. and China, demonstrating that the world is more interconnected than it has ever been. Mexico, Brazil and the rest of Latin America supply large quantities of raw materials to China and manufacture products to be sold in the U.S. So trouble anywhere can become trouble everywhere. The ripple effects of the Asian selloff soaked the average emerging-markets fund we rate by a disastrous 6.33% for the five trading days ending Thursday, March 1, 2007. The worst rout for stocks since September 2001 sent even the best- performing emerging-market fund down by nearly 4%. The worst hit was the highly focused ( IF) Indonesia Fund (IF), which has 94.8% of its assets invested in Indonesia, 2.3% in Sinapore, 1.5% in Taiwan and 0.9% in Hong Kong. The holdings with the largest declines were Bank Internasional Indonesia ( PKIDF), down 10.23%, PT Astra International (ASII -- Jakarta), down 7.69%, and Ramayana Lestari Sentosa (RALS -- Jakarta), down 7.14%.
With the average stock in the fund's portfolio shedding 2.83% and no stock falling more than 11%, how did the fund lose 12.42%? Well, the net asset value of this fund sank 4.77%, because of larger holdings of the bigger losers. But the price of the fund is set by supply and demand, not just net asset value. On Thursday Feb. 22, the closed-end fund was selling at an 11.8% premium above its net asset value. Traders continued to sell until a premium of only 2.8% remained. This crushed the price of the fund by 12.42%. Closed-end funds, unlike open-end ones, have a fixed number of shares and trade according to market demands. The exchange-traded fund suffering the worst decline was the BLDRS Emerging Markets 50 ADR Index Fund ( ADRE). The index tracks the 50 most actively traded American depositary receipts (ADRs), including American Movil SA de CV ( AMX), Taiwan Semiconductor ( TSM) and China Mobile ( CHL). The average holding lost 8.04% with 12 of the 50 declining by double-digit percentages. ICICI Bank ( IBN) of India was slashed by 13.9% because of growth concerns as India's central bank tightens their money supply. Investors screamed "mas cerveza" after Latin America's largest beverage company, Fomento Economico Mexicano ( FMX) announced 2% lower fourth-quarter net income. This drained off 13.04% of the company's market value. Fomento Economico Mexicano is also a holding of the ( FLATX) Fidelity Latin America Fund (FLATX), but three other holdings fell more. Natura Cosmeticos SA (NATU3 -- Sao Paulo, Brazil) dropped 16.97%. Real-estate developer SARE Holdings(SARHY) and telecom company Embratel Participacoes ( EMT) fell 15.5% and 13.68% respectively.
The fund falling the least from the closing price on Thursday, Feb. 22, to the close on March 1 is the ( IMSSX) American Independence International Equity Fund (IMSSX). Down 3.77% for the period, it is now just below break-even so far in 2007 at -0.78%. The fund is open only to the 401(k) plan of Rent-A-Center ( RCII).
The markets around the world and in the U.S. stabilized after calming words from the current Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke. This coincided with backpedaling by former Fed Chairman Alan Greenspan saying that a U.S. recession this year was "possible" but not "probable."
|Worst-Performing Emerging-Market Funds|
|Fund||Ticker||Rating||Fund Type||1 Week Total Return|
|Emerging Market Telecom Fund||ETF||B-||Closed-end||-9.89%|
|BLDRS Emerging Market 50 ADR||ADRE||C-||ETF||-8.35%|
|Templeton Emerging Markets Fund||EMF||C||Closed-end||-8.26%|
|Fidelity Latin American Fund||FLATX||C+||Open-end||-8.13%|
|US Global Accolade East European||EUROX||C-||Open-end||-8.10%|
|iShares MSCI Emerging Markets||EEM||C+||ETF||-8.01%|
|TCW Emerging Markets Eq I||TGEMX||B-||Open-end||-7.33%|
|Harding Loevner Emerging Market Inv||HLEMX||C||Open-end||-7.10%|
|Seligman Emerging Markets R||SERRX||B-||Open-end||-7.08%|
|Best-Performing Emerging-Market Funds*|
|Fund||Ticker||Rating||1 Week Total Return|
|American Independence International Equity||IMSSX||A+||-3.77%|
|ING Emerging Countries A||NECAX||B+||-4.88%|
|AIM International Small Co A||IEGAX||A-||-5.02%|
|Van Eck Emerging Markets A||GBFAX||C+||-5.09%|
|Third Millennium Russia Fund||TMRFX||D+||-5.36%|
|Phoenix Insight Emerging Market A||HEMZX||C||-5.48%|
|Adv Inn Cir Acadian Emerging Market I||AEMGX||C+||-5.62%|
|Fidelity Adv Emerging Asia I||FERIX||B+||-5.65%|
|GMO Emerging Markets Fund V||GEMVX||B-||-5.68%|
|Eaton Vance Tax-Mgd Emerging Market Fd I||EITEX||A+||-5.68%|
|* All funds are open-end funds |