Unhappy TurnaroundFor now, at least, product pricing remains the biggest threat to the group. Many blame an escalating government probe of the industry. In the spring of 2005, the Justice Department subpoenaed several big orthopedic-device makers about their financial arrangements with physicians. For years, device makers had relied on notoriously brand-loyal surgeons -- including some with financial conflicts -- to insist on using their implants regardless of their costs. But government prosecutors, sniffing for possible fraud, have been investigating the financial arrangements between the makers and the surgeons who use their products.