Commodity prices put the heat on stocks Wednesday. Metals prices tumbled on signs of softer demand while oil rallied on fears of tighter supplies.

There's a bit of a contradiction, because slowing economies that use less copper, nickel and aluminum ought to use less oil, too. But with the sheer number of scenarios of diminished crude supplies worrying oil traders, stocks imagined a world where growth stalled and oil was still dear.

After trading as high as 10127.17 early on, the Dow Jones Industrial Average reversed to closed down 0.7% at 10,002.33. The S&P 500 lost 0.7% to 1113.64 vs. its intraday best of 1127.02. And the Nasdaq Composite, which traded as high as 1948.01 amid a positive reaction to earnings from tech bellwethers Intel ( INTC) and Yahoo! ( YHOO), lost 0.2% to 1920.53.

After hours Wednesday, Apple Computer ( AAPL) reported much stronger-than-expected results and was recently up 4.4%, but Sandisk ( SNDK) was tumbling 18% after reporting disappointing earnings.

Dust Off the Hats

The Dow just managed to stay above the "psychologically significant" 10,000 mark but don't heed that much. Looking at this year's trading, a drop below 10,000 doesn't seem to presage much at all.

The Dow last crossed below 10,000 on Sept. 27 and stocks then rallied a bit and declined. Before that was the breach on Aug. 5 that preceded a two-week selloff, followed by September's rally. A drop below 10,000 on July 23 was just a two-day affair. And two breaches in May helped form a bottom but the market hit a lower low in August.

Metal prices really took a dive, beginning in Europe overnight, as a report showed demand for copper fell in July, while stockpiles of aluminum jumped and the Chinese premier gave a speech about mineral resource conservation.

Copper futures dropped 11%, the biggest decline since 1990, to $1.288 a pound. A report by the International Copper Study Group in Portugal said China's copper usage fell 21% in July from a year earlier. On the London Metal Exchange, aluminum dropped 6% after inventories at the exchange's warehouses increased 2.5%, the biggest one-day jump in more than a year. News that the supply was delivered in Singapore fanned the flames of a China slowdown.

Meanwhile, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao spoke in Beijing at a meeting on the country's natural resources strategy. High consumption projects could be controlled, supplies could be regulated and conservation could be promoted, the premier said, according to an account in a government newspaper.

Still, there are signs that China's economy isn't slowing much. BHP Billiton ( BHP), the world's biggest mining company, said its outlook for China remained positive. And China's finance minister said growth of 9% for 2004 would be acceptable, throwing cold water on the notion that the country's "administrative" moves to date really have slowed the economy there much.

For at least one day, there wasn't room for debate, and every stock related to basic materials lost. Phelps Dodge ( PD) lost 9%, U.S. Steel ( X) lost 5%, Alcoa ( AA) fell 4% and BHP Billiton lost 5%.

Housing Saga, Continued

Over in the homebuilding sector, the one-day rally sparked by great top-line results at M.D.C. Holdings ( MDC) ended amid a decline in mortgage applications. The Mortgage Bankers Association's index fell 9.2% for the week ended Oct. 8. Loans for new purchases fell 5% while refinancings, the big cash spigot for consumers over the past few years, dropped 14%. The declines came even as mortgage rates fell.

A closer look at MDC's results also may have contributed to the selloff. Even as revenue and profit in the third quarter hit records, MDC's cancellation rate for orders already placed ticked up to 30.6% from 29.2% a year ago. New orders were essentially flat from a year ago, as the company had pre-warned back on Oct. 5. Average home prices rose by 13%, about half of the rate of increase in revenue.

The company conceded that in Las Vegas it had increased sales incentives, and was raising prices only in "certain communities" and at "a much slower rate" than in previous quarters. It also experienced a "modest" increase in unsold finished homes. "We continue to believe that the market for new homes in Las Vegas in our price points is healthy," CFO Paris Reece said.

Pulte Homes ( PHM) started the sector on its current tumble when it announced on Oct. 4 a spike in cancellations and price-cutting in Las Vegas.

MDC dropped 3% Wednesday and Pulte lost 2%, while Centex ( CTX) lost 3% and Toll Brothers ( TOL) fell 3%. The Philadelphia Stock Exchange's housing stock index lost 2% to 380.65 and is sitting 7% below where it was before Pulte's shocker.

Looking further into MDC's earnings release showed that the slowdown extends beyond Las Vegas. New orders declined 29% in California, 36% in Nevada, 37% in Maryland, 9% in Virginia and 1% in Colorado. Those five states accounted for two-thirds of all of the company's new orders in the third quarter of 2003 and 53% for the quarter this year. Orders in Arizona gained 26% and doubled in Texas and almost doubled in Utah.

Another piece of bad news for builders came in the morning papers Tuesday and Wednesday. Recall that the fading demand some homebuilders experienced in Las Vegas was presaged by a piece in the local paper about troubles in that real estate market. In the past 48 hours, the Dallas Morning News, Los Angeles Times, San Diego Union-Tribune and Newsday on Long Island in New York all carried stories about weakness in home sales.

Reporter Steve Brown in the Dallas paper wrote that third-quarter existing homes sales declined 2% and the median price declined 3%. Further, the supply of existing homes climbed 4% at the end of September. All appeared rosy with new homes -- sort of. Sales were up 7.5% in the quarter. Apparently, there was some discounting.

"What the builders offer is unbelievable," residential agent Barry Hoffer of Prudential Texas Properties was quoted as saying by the paper. "They pay closing costs, give a decorating allowance, and sometimes they'll cut their price if you can close in 30 days. It's a wonderful time to buy new construction."

Homebuilders started a record 13,000 new homes during the quarter at the same time cancellations of prior new home orders spiked up to 40% from 30% to 35% in the past, the paper said. Sounds like trouble.
In keeping with TSC's editorial policy, Pressman doesn't own or short individual stocks. He also doesn't invest in hedge funds or other private investment partnerships. He invites you to send your feedback.

If you liked this article you might like

What a Week: Fabulous Finish

What a Week: Fabulous Finish

Shares Stuck Between Jobs, Oil

Shares Stuck Between Jobs, Oil

Greenspan Giveth, Oil Taketh Away

Greenspan Giveth, Oil Taketh Away

Stocks Advance as Oil Retreats

Stocks Advance as Oil Retreats

Rally Takes a Holiday

Rally Takes a Holiday