The stock market contained something for everyone today. For those who believe the market's advance Friday represented the beginning of a new trend, the proof was conspicuous, as major averages rallied sharply today, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average and S&P 500 higher by 1.8% each while the Nasdaq Composite gained 2.6%. "This was a considerably more constructive day than was last Wednesday," commented Michael Paulenoff, founder of 2Mstrategies.com, who, you'll recall, believed that session's reversal was
technically significant . "Today's action in all of the indices hurdled key near-term resistance trend lines from the prior failed rally peak on Feb. 14, which brought in follow-through buying interest into the late part of the session." Specifically, the Comp's ability to build support from around 1730 -- the point at which the index failed to follow through during last Friday afternoon's rally effort -- augurs positively for the near term, he said. Similarly, 1094 was the "key upside breakout level" for the S&P 500, the technician said, because it put the index above the Feb. 14 trend line, from which it was able to build upon and sustain gains. The optimists were further buoyed by an incredibly robust (record-setting actually) report on existing-home sales and better-than-expected results, or forecasts thereof, from firms such as General Motors ( GM), Lowe's ( LOW) and Williams-Sonoma ( WSM). Elsewhere, Qualcomm's ( QCOM) announcement that it will meet previous guidance on earnings and that chip shipments were at the high end of its target range was greeted as a huge victory, reflecting the state of things in wireless telecommunications. On the other hand, the fact Qualcomm could rise 10% on that news -- or that Intel ( INTC) could rise 5.6% after announcing a long-awaited upgrade to its Xeon chips, and that Sun Microsystems ( SUNW) could rise 9.7% after a sell-side analyst's upgrade -- gave heart to the skeptics, who contend that nothing has changed. "Never let the facts get in the way of stock speculation," Bill Fleckenstein, president of Fleckenstein Capital, commented in Grantsinvestor.com. "While we have wiped out a good deal of speculation in certain areas, speculation that's practiced under the guise of investing still goes on daily." Fleckenstein made those comments Friday in light of the market's reaction to Xilinx's ( XLNX) upside revenue preannouncement, although I suspected he'd agree the point applied equally to today's session even before we spoke. "Yes, it's still ridiculous," the noted short-seller said in an interview after the market's close. He noted that those who are extrapolating forward the economy's fourth-quarter rebound fail to note the impact of the extraordinarily warm winter in much of the country and the zero-percent financing offered by automakers. (There was also the huge liquidity infusion by the Federal Reserve in the wake of Sept. 11.) Fleckenstein then offered his "grand thesis" about what's generating the gyrations in the market. "The public is becoming dis-enamored with the stock market but they haven't taken the money away from the pros yet," he said. "You still have too many people running other people's money with the mindset that 'it's OK to lose all the money, but the market can't go up faster than I do.' As long as that mentality exists, you'll keep having this wild action." At $38.7 billion, equity mutual funds had the smallest inflows on record in 2001, according to AMG Data. In January, equity funds took in $20.3 billion in new inflows vs. $25.1 billion in January 2001 and $42.7 billion in January 2000, according to the fund tracker. But the point is that equity funds still had net inflows in those periods, despite the market's losses. Hardcore skeptics believe the bear market won't have finally run its course until those inflows, however modest, turn into substantial outflows. The history of past market bubbles suggests there's something to that viewpoint, and it's one reason I'm skeptical the market can mount any sustainable long-term advance. But I do believe the bulls will seize the upper hand near term, as discussed in today's Midday Musings .