High-end sports cars are part of automakers' struggles with U.S. fuel economy standards, but they don't have to be.
In June, the Environmental Protection Agency issued a Midterm Evaluation of its goal to raise fuel to a combined 54.5 miles per gallon (roughly 38 miles per gallon on window stickers) by 2025. The University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute found that cars and light trucks purchased in 2015 got an average of 25.3 miles to the gallon. That's actually down from 25.4 mpg the year before, and it's made the EPA a little anxious about whether or not automakers can hit that 2025 mileage mark.
The auto industry was doing fairly well at reducing mileage for a while. That 25.3 mpg is far better than the 19 miles per gallon that the Department of Transportation measured for the same pool of vehicles in 1995. It's also closing in on double the average mileage of the light-duty vehicles on U.S. roads in 1980. However, when the EPA set its mileage goal in 2012, gas prices were close to $4 a gallon. According to AAA, they're down to an average of $2.22 per gallon and have dropped by nearly 20 cents per gallon within the last year.
As a result, U.S. drivers stopped cars -- with sales of cars of every size down 7.7% since this time in 2015, according to MotorIntelligence -- and started buying SUVs, crossovers and vans. Minivan sales are up 26.7% within the last year, but even small and large van sales are up nearly 20% as Ford and General Motors switch to more European styles and fleets modernize.
SUV and crossover sales are up 8% year over year, and the EPA notes that their outsized portion of overall vehicle sales isn't helping mileage in the least. The organization says the auto industry is absolutely capable of hitting that 2025 goal -- even without introducing more hybrids and SUVs into the mix -- but that the market shift might make it tougher to do so. That's unfortunate for U.S. automakers, who've invested heavily in SUVs and crossovers while German, Japanese and Korean competitors have achieved a broader mix. That U.S. SUV/crossover imbalance has some analysts believing that automaker pressure will lead to fuel efficiency standards being relaxed, but the EPA is holding firm.
It notes that automated cars will help cut into mileage numbers, and that younger Americans are driving and buying cars in fewer numbers than the generations before. the share of new cars being bought by Americans between 18 and 34 is down 30% in the last five years, according to auto pricing site Edmunds.com. A Pew Research Center study notes that people under 35 bought 12% fewer cars than they did in 2010. The Department of Transportation notes that just 28% of 16-year-olds had driver's licenses in 2010, with just 45% of 17-year-olds claiming the same. That's plummeted from 50% and 66% respectively in 1978. While the number of 16-year-olds with driver's licenses peaked at 1.72 million in 2009, it dropped to 1.08 million by 2014.
Besides, if even sports cars are getting reasonable mileage these days, there's no reason not to expect the rest of automakers' portfolios to catch up. Of the 313 vehicles identified as sports cars by the Environmental Protection Agency between the 2015 and 2016 model years, roughly 70 manage more than 25 miles per gallon combined.That number is dragged down by the supercharged, 8-cylinder Chevrolet Camaro (14 miles per gallon), the Ferrari FF (13 mpg) and the Bugatti Veyron (10 mpg). But as cars like the base Dodge Challenger, Chevrolet Camaro and Ford Mustang flirt with 30 miles per gallon on the highway, there are glimmers of hope.
With help from the EPA's FuelEconomy.gov site, we compiled a list of the most fuel-efficient high-end high-performance cars on the market. We set the minimum price at $50,000 just to get a better sense of the mileage in the luxury performance market. We'll note that the EPA didn't include Tesla's Model S and its P85D performance model in its list -- despite 762 horsepower and 253 miles of electric range -- so take it up with them: