These Are the U.S. Regions Most Affected by Retaliatory Tariffs

The trade war is escalating between the U.S. and its largest trading partners. Many U.S. local economies - cities, towns, and rural areas - depend on exports to support jobs and economic growth.

The Brookings Institution compiled data to estimate which local and regional economies rely the most on export industries targeted by retaliatory tariffs.

The country's largest trading partners - China, the EU, and NAFTA (Canada and Mexico) - have responded to U.S. tariffs by slapping their own tariffs on over $120 billion of U.S. exports, Brookings says.

According to Brookings:
  • Retaliatory tariffs now touch about 6.1% of total U.S. exports.
  • Regional economies specializing in agriculture and metals have the highest share of exports in tariff-affected industries.
  • The tariffs may affect about 294,000 direct export jobs, but those jobs support an additional 354,000 jobs, which means the tariffs implicate about 650,000 jobs overall.
  • The retaliatory tariffs differ by trading partner, but targeted industries include agriculture, vehicles, iron and steel, waste and scrap, precision instruments, chemicals, and meat and poultry.

The Brookings' data from 962 regions - large metropolitan areas, small cities, and rural geographies - showed the region with the highest proportion of exports in tariff-affected industries was Blytheville, Ark., with 26.1% of exports affected (worth about $126 million) and 24.1% of export-supported jobs (about 600 jobs) potentially affected.

This list is based on the areas that have the largest volume of exports in tariff-affected industries, by dollar amount, according to the Brookings data. Many of these are larger metropolitan areas, and due to their size and diverse economies, are not as proportionally affected as smaller places like Blytheville.

Photo: trekandshoot / Shutterstock.com

1. Chicago, Ill.-In.-Wis. Metro Area
1. Chicago, Ill.-In.-Wis. Metro Area

1. Chicago, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $3.62 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 18,792
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 5.9%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 4.4%

Iron and steel products are one of the biggest exports in this large metro area, according to Brookings data.

Photo: Shutterstock

2. Houston Metro Area
2. Houston Metro Area

2. Houston, Texas Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $3.55 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 12,945
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 4.5%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 3.9%

Petroleum and coal products make up a large share of exports in the area. Above, a Houston rail yard is seen from the air.

Photo: Shutterstock

3. Los Angeles Metro Area
3. Los Angeles Metro Area

3. Los Angeles Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $3.52 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 17,902
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 3.5%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 2.6%

This region will be most affected by tariffs on consumer goods (such as food, paper and handbags) that come through the large ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, the Long Beach Press Telegram reported. Above, the Port of Long Beach.

Photo: trekandshoot / Shutterstock.com

4. Dallas Metro Area
4. Dallas Metro Area

4. Dallas Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $2.76 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 13,301
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 4.7%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 4%

Aircraft products and parts, as well as motor vehicles, freight and port services, and oil and gas are a large portion of this region's exports.

Photo: Shutterstock

5. Detroit Metro Area
5. Detroit Metro Area

5. Detroit Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $2.49 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 12,057
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 6.5%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 5.3%

Aircraft products and parts, motor vehicles and motor vehicle parts make up a large portion of Detroit's export industry. Above, the Ford Motor Co.'s  (F) Rouge plant factory complex in Dearborn.


Photo: James R. Martin / Shutterstock

6. Seattle Metro Area
6. Seattle Metro Area

6. Seattle Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $2.26 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 10,605
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 4.8%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 3.6%

The leading export industries in the Seattle area are aircraft products and parts and motor vehicles and motor vehicle parts. Boeing Co. (BA) is headquartered in Chicago, but it is the largest private employer in Washington and nearly half of Boeing's global workforce is located in the state. Boeing is the world's largest aerospace company and the largest exporter in the U.S. 

Photo: Kristopher Kettner / Shutterstock

7. New York, -N.J.-Pa. Metro Area
7. New York, -N.J.-Pa. Metro Area

7. New York, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $1.94 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 10,308
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 1.5%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 1%

Photo: Shutterstock

8. Minneapolis, Minn.-Wis. Metro Area
8. Minneapolis, Minn.-Wis. Metro Area

8. Minneapolis, Minn.-Wis. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $1.33 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 7,526
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 6.1%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 5.2%

Above, the Mall of America near Minneapolis.

Photo: IVY PHOTOS / Shutterstock

9. San Francisco Metro Area
9. San Francisco Metro Area

9. San Francisco Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $1.24 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 5,884
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 2.8%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 1.8%

Above, Levi's Plaza in San Francisco houses the headquarters of Levi Strauss & Co., one of the American brands affected by European tariffs.

Photo: Ayrat A / Shutterstock

10. Portland, Ore. Metro Area
10. Portland, Ore. Metro Area

10. Portland, Ore. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $1.23 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 6,568
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 5.9%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 5.1%
Photo: Shutterstock

11. Boston, Mass.-N.H. Metro Area
11. Boston, Mass.-N.H. Metro Area

11. Boston, Mass.-N.H. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $1.22 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 6,268
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 2.8%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 2%

Photo: Shutterstock

12. Rural Iowa
12. Rural Iowa

12. Rural Iowa

  • Total exports under retaliation: $1.16 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 8,238
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 13%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 14.3%

This is the areas of Iowa outside the large urban metro areas and microareas of the state, such as Des Moines, Cedar Rapids, Sioux City, Davenport, etc. Above, corn and soybean fields in Iowa. Tariffs between the U.S. and China have sent U.S. soybean prices plunging to a near 10-year low. The U.S. is the world's largest producer of soybeans, and China is its biggest consumer.

Photo: JNix / Shutterstock

13. San Jose, Calif. Metro Area
13. San Jose, Calif. Metro Area

13. San Jose, Calif. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $1.16 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 6,116
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 3.9%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 3.2%

Above, the Apple (AAPL) campus in Cupertino, Calif.

Photo: Uladzik Kryhin / Shutterstock

14. Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J.-Del. Metro Area
14. Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J.-Del. Metro Area

14. Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J.-Del. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $1.15 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 6,090
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 3.5%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 2.8%

Photo: Shutterstock

15. Atlanta Metro Area
15. Atlanta Metro Area

15. Atlanta Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $1.05 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 6,332
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 3.7%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 3%
The headquarters of Home Depot (HD) are located here.

Photo: Shutterstock

16. Charlotte, N.C. -S.C. Metro Area
16. Charlotte, N.C. -S.C. Metro Area

16. Charlotte, N.C. -S.C. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $1.02 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 5,678
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 5.9%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 5.2%

Photo: Shutterstock

17. Rural Texas
17. Rural Texas

17. Rural Texas

  • Total exports under retaliation: $1 billion
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 6,071
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 10.1%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 13.1%

This is the rest of Texas - the areas of the state outside the larger urban metro areas and smaller cities.

Photo: Shutterstock

18. St. Louis, Mo.- Ill. Metro Area
18. St. Louis, Mo.- Ill. Metro Area

18. St. Louis, Mo.- Ill. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $970 million
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 4,810
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 6%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 5%

Photo: Shutterstock

19. Pittsburgh, Pa. Metro Area
19. Pittsburgh, Pa. Metro Area

19. Pittsburgh, Pa. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $962 million
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 4,399
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 6.9%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 5.4%
Above, a steel mill near Pittsburgh.

Photo: Shutterstock

20. San Diego Metro Area
20. San Diego Metro Area

20. San Diego Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $911 million
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 4,740
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 3.8%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 3.1%

Photo: Shutterstock

21. Cleveland Metro Area
21. Cleveland Metro Area

21. Cleveland Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $882 million
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 4,465
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 6.3%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 5.4%

Photo: Shutterstock

22. Nashville, Tenn. Metro Area
22. Nashville, Tenn. Metro Area

22. Nashville, Tenn. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $876 million
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 4,645
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 7.9%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 6.6%

Photo: Felix Mizioznikov / Shutterstock

23. Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-In. Metro Area
23. Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-In. Metro Area

23. Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-In. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $860 million
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 4,435
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 5.6%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 4.9%

Aircraft products is one of the area's top industries. GE Aviation, (GE) near Cincinnati, makes jet engines, turbines and other aircraft equipment, and could be among the Ohio companies most vulnerable in the tariff wars, according to USA Today.

Photo: Jonathan Weiss / Shutterstock

24. Riverside, Calif. Metro Area
24. Riverside, Calif. Metro Area

24. Riverside, Calif. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $859 million
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 4,758
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 7.1%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 6%

Photo: Shutterstock

25. Phoenix, Ariz. Metro Area
25. Phoenix, Ariz. Metro Area

25. Phoenix, Ariz. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $817 million
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 4,307
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 4.5%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 3.4%

Semiconductors are a top industry here.

Photo: Eileen_10 / Shutterstock

26. Kansas City, Mo.-Kansas. Metro Area
26. Kansas City, Mo.-Kansas. Metro Area

26. Kansas City, Mo.-Kansas. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $811 million
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 4,006
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 7.8%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 6.1%

Above, the Kansas City Ford Assembly Plant. Both Ford and GM (GM) have factories in the area.

Photo: Americasroof/Wikipedia

27. San Antonio, Texas Metro Area
27. San Antonio, Texas Metro Area

27. San Antonio, Texas Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $715 million
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 3,621
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 6.5%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 5.3%

Above, the Torch of Friendship sculpture in downtown San Antonio.

Photo: f11photo / Shutterstock

28. Milwaukee, Wis. Metro Area
28. Milwaukee, Wis. Metro Area

28. Milwaukee, Wis. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $669 million
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 3,998
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 7%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 6.5%

Pictured is the Milwaukee Public Market.

Photo: f11photo / Shutterstock

29. Louisville, Ky.-In. Metro Area
29. Louisville, Ky.-In. Metro Area

29. Louisville, Ky.-In. Metro Area

  • Total exports under retaliation: $665 million
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 3,669
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 7.4%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 7%

Photo: Thomas Kelley / Shutterstock

30. Rural Nebraska
30. Rural Nebraska

30. Rural Nebraska

  • Total exports under retaliation: $632 million
  • Total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 4,755
  • Share of exports under retaliation: 16.2%
  • Share of total export-supported jobs under retaliation: 16.5%
This region includes all of Nebraska excluding the larger metro areas and towns of the state, such as Omaha/Council Bluffs, Lincoln and Grand Island.

Photo: Shutterstock

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