Updated from 4:15 p.m. EDT
Stocks in New York were strong early Wednesday, sluggish in the afternoon and then positive again into the close, leaving the major averages higher for the session.
Dow Jones Industrial Average
rose 89.84 points, or 1.2%, to 7749.81, and the
tacked on 7.63 points, or 1%, to 813.88. The
added 12.43 points, or 0.8%, to 1528.95.
Wall Street initially rallied after better-than-expected data on durable goods and new-home sales, but then stocks fell following a weaker-than-anticipated auction of Treasury notes. However, a surge in the final hour lifted the indices back above the flat line, marking the second advance in three days this week.
"There was some concern about the Treasury auction and also ahead of the GDP reading tomorrow, but buyers are waiting for anything they can get," says Marc Pado, U.S. market strategist for Cantor Fitzgerald. "We're likely already seeing window dressing before the end of the quarter, and when you see the Dow move 75 points higher in five minutes, that's not new money coming in, that's short-covering."
At the end of the day,
JP Morgan Chase
Bank of America
led the Dow's gainers, adding 8.2% and 6.7%, and the KBW Bank Index was nearly 5% higher.
When viewing the recent run-up in financial stocks, investors should keep in mind that they "were decimated" and starting at very low levels, says Doug Roberts, chief investment strategist at ChannelResearch.com. There was a sharp reaction to the Fed's announcement last week, and again to the public-private investment plan, "but there's still the question of how much it's going to work," he says.
President Obama defended his budget and economic-recovery efforts in an address Tuesday evening, and when the new day arrived on the trading floors, the newest slate of housing and data implied that at least some aspects of the economy could be rebounding.
The Commerce Department said orders for manufactured durable goods in February increased $5.5 billion, or 3.4%, to $165.6 billion, vs. a revised 7.3% drop in January, and the expectation for a 2.5% decline. It was the first increase in orders for big-ticket items like cars, appliances and airplanes in six months.
Excluding transportation, new orders rose 3.9% in February, also far better than the expectation for a 2% drop. Excluding defense, new orders increased just 1.7%.
"You have to take into account that there was a fair amount of monetary stimulus injected, in addition to the TALF, which does have a credit-thaw effect on some of these situations," says Roberts.
Still, one of the reasons February looked so good was because January was revised downward to a decline of 7.3% from a first-estimated 5.2% drop, he says. "And a lot of the February increase was concentrated in defense, so we have to be careful not to read too much into it."
Meanwhile, sales of new single-family houses in February were at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 337,000, up from 322,000 in January, according to the Census Bureau and the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The figure topped expectations for 300,000 but is still the second worst on record and 41% lower than a year earlier.
The supply of unsold new homes is 12.2 months at the current sales rate, vs. 12.9 in January. The median sales price of new houses sold in February was $200,900, and the average sales price was $251,000.
In corporate news,
said it is signing a deal with
to make "Blockbuster On Demand" available via TIVo digital video recorders. Blockbuster gained 7 cents, or 9.6%, to 80 cents, while TIVo added 3.5% to $7.20.
Elsewhere, Dow component
said it has won a $300 million contract for work on a new
natural gas pipeline
in China. GE shares advanced 0.8% to $10.49.
PetroChina also reported that its
fell 22% in 2008 from a year earlier as the sector suffered from lower prices and weakening demand. Shares of the world's second-biggest energy company by market value added 1.6% to $84.63 on Wednesday.
The Energy Information Administration reported that U.S. crude oil inventories jumped 3.3 million barrels to 356.6 million last week, the highest since 1993. Analysts had predicted a more modest increase of 1.3 million barrels.
But there was some good news in terms of supply, as stockpiles at the Nymex delivery point in Cushing, Okla., fell by 2.2 million barrels. Also gasoline stores were down 1.1 million barrels and distillates declined 1.6 million barrels.
Oil fell $2.05 to settle at $52.77 a barrel, while gold was up $9.80 to $935.80 an ounce.
Longer-dated Treasuries were dropping. The 10-year note was giving back 20/32 to yield 2.8%, while the 30-year was lower by 1-21/32, yielding 3.7%. The dollar was gaining against the yen, but weaker against the euro and pound.
As for markets overseas, London's FTSE 100 was down 0.3%, and the Frankfurt Dax was higher by 0.9%. In Asia, Hong Kong's Hang Seng and Tokyo's Nikkei both closed in negative territory.