The following commentary comes from an independent investor or market observer as part of TheStreet's guest contributor program, which is separate from the company's news coverage.
By Richard Schmitt
NEW YORK (
) -- Only 12% of retirement savings plan participants made at least one fund exchange in their accounts during 2010, according to a survey by Vanguard*. This same survey showed no more than 20% bothered to make a fund exchange in the each of the last 10 years. In other words, the vast majority of accountholders, perhaps overwhelmed by market uncertainty, watched the world race by as they sat stuck in traffic.
Even as market conditions have been quite volatile, the broad stock market, as measured by the Standard & Poor's 500 index, stands now about where it stood over 12 years ago. Since you get nothing from a buy-and-hold approach in this type of volatile market headed in no apparent direction, it is time to consider our final Safe Driving Tip No. 4.
Inertia works as well in driving as it does in portfolio management -- it doesn't. Accidents happen when inertia is not overcome by a driver's stops, starts, and turns to accommodate changing traffic conditions. Since the investment inertia of a buy-and-hold strategy misses out on opportunities for gains resulting from turns in the market, conventional investment advice calls for portfolio rebalancing, or periodic adjustments in the direction of investments to accommodate changing market conditions.
By buying low and selling high, portfolio rebalancing keeps asset class allocations at target levels through sales of higher performing asset classes that have become overweight and purchases of lower performing asset classes that have become underweight.
Before you can change direction though, you need to keep your eyes on the adventurous road to retirement. Only then will you be in a position to respond to market turns with a form of portfolio rebalancing taken to a new extreme - daily.
401(k) Day Trading
Since retirement savings fund options are generally valued but once a day at the market close, 401(k) day trading calls for daily fund exchanges in a balanced retirement savings portfolio comprised of stocks and cash. Each day you would either buy some stock when the market is about to close lower or sell some stock when the market is about to close higher.
The amount of each fund exchange between cash and stock depends directly on the daily change in a market index, such as the Standard & Poor's 500 index. Taking only a few minutes each day, your daily shifts between cash and stock amount to moving your stock position forward or backward in order to set up and capture lasting gains in retirement savings accounts, where fund exchanges do not result in immediate taxes or direct trading costs.
Buy-and-hold investors left idling their engines on the sidelines have missed one opportunity after another to create retirement wealth in the continuing "Lost Decade" type of market conditions, where volatility prevails in a market apparently headed nowhere.
By comparison, a disciplined 401(k) day trading approach beat holding the S&P 500 index in a retirement savings portfolio by more than 25% over the 10-year period ended Dec. 31, 2011. Check out a new book called "401(k) Day Trading: The Art of Cashing in on a Shaky Market in Minutes a Day" to see how you can day trade your retirement savings accounts in compliance with the frequent trading restrictions imposed on most stock funds. Then you can drive the stock market's twists and turns into lasting retirement wealth.
This article was written by Richard Schmitt, author of "401(k) Day Trading: The Art of Cashing in on a Shaky Market in Minutes a Day." Outside of his appearances on Fox Business News, KCBS, and Business News Talk Radio, he is an Adjunct Professor teaching retirement planning at the Edward S. Ageno School of Business at Golden Gate University.
* How America Saves 2011, Vanguard.
This commentary comes from an independent investor or market observer as part of TheStreet guest contributor program. The views expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of TheStreet or its management.