) -- The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency said on Tuesday that the nation's largest mortgage servicers would "complete much of the work" required to clean up their loan servicing and foreclosure practices by early next year.

The OCC slapped the largest U.S. mortgage loan servicers, including

Bank of America

(BAC) - Get Report



(C) - Get Report







JPMorgan Chase

(JPM) - Get Report



(MET) - Get Report


MetLife Bank



(PNC) - Get Report


U.S. Bancorp

(USB) - Get Report


U.S. Bank

, and

Wells Fargo

(WFC) - Get Report

, with cease and desist orders in April, requiring the group to hire independent consultants to "conduct a multi-faceted independent review of foreclosure activities in 2009 and 2010," and "to correct deficient and unsafe or unsound practices in their mortgage servicing activities," along with beefing-up their oversight of third-party service providers, and their activities related to

Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems

, or MERS.

The regulator said that, as required, all the servicers had submitted "independent consultant engagement letters and servicer action plans" in July, and that the "OCC closely evaluated and approved consultants to prevent conflicts of interest."

The agency said work was "well under way on the actions necessary to comply with the consent orders," and that efforts "to correct deficiencies in foreclosure processes, management oversight, and internal audit

were furthest advanced."

In Bank of America's updated engagement letter from Sept. 6,

Promontory Financial Group

said it would "conduct an independent review of certain residential foreclosure actions regarding individual borrowers with respect to BAC's mortgage servicing portfolio," including Bank of America's foreclosure actions as a lender, servicer, within 423 days.

Promontory Financial Group is also conducting the servicing and foreclosure audits for PNC and Wells Fargo.

Other independent consultants include

Deloitte & Touche

for JPMorgan,

Ernst & Young

, for HSBC and MetLife Bank, and


, for Citibank and U.S. Bank.

The OCC said that on Nov. 1, "an integrated claims processor began mailing letters to borrowers who were in any stage of foreclosure on their primary residences between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2010," describing the process "borrowers should follow for requesting reviews of their cases if they believed they suffered financial injury as a result of servicer errors, misrepresentations, or deficiencies in the foreclosure process."

The reviews of borrower petitions are expected to take several months.


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Written by Philip van Doorn in Jupiter, Fla.

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Philip W. van Doorn is a member of TheStreet's banking and finance team, commenting on industry and regulatory trends. He previously served as the senior analyst for TheStreet.com Ratings, responsible for assigning financial strength ratings to banks and savings and loan institutions. Mr. van Doorn previously served as a loan operations officer at Riverside National Bank in Fort Pierce, Fla., and as a credit analyst at the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York, where he monitored banks in New York, New Jersey and Puerto Rico. Mr. van Doorn has additional experience in the mutual fund and computer software industries. He holds a bachelor of science in business administration from Long Island University.