Countries Spending the Most on Their Military

With defense spending totaling $610 billion in 2017, the U.S. spends more than any other country on military in the world. China ranks second. But as a percent of gross domestic product, the U.S. spends about 3.3%, far less than some countries.

The CIA keeps track of this stuff, because, well, that's what the CIA does. Based on the data from the CIA's World Factbook, these are the countries that have the highest military expenditures as a percent of gross domestic product, calculated on an exchange rate basis. The data is from 2016, unless otherwise noted.

See where the U.S. falls on this list of countries spending the most on their military.

1. Oman
1. Oman

1. Oman

Percent of GDP spent on military: 13.73%

The military band of the Royal Guards of Oman and the Special Arts Troupe perform during an international festival of military bands in Moscow.

Photo: Deniza 40x / Shutterstock

2. South Sudan
2. South Sudan

2. South Sudan

Percent of GDP spent on military: 10.93% (2015 data)

Photo: punghi / Shutterstock

3. Saudi Arabia
3. Saudi Arabia

3. Saudi Arabia

Percent of GDP spent on military: 9.85%

A Saudi Arabian Air Force Panavia Tornado IDS takes off from Malta on its way back to Saudi Arabia after undergoing an upgrade.

Photo: InsectWorld / Shutterstock

4. Republic of Congo
4. Republic of Congo

4. Republic of Congo

Percent of GDP spent on military: 7.17%

Congolese service members watch a security training video with U.S. Marines in Pointe Noire, Republic of the Congo, in 2012.

Photo: Senior Airman Jonathan Garcia/USAF

5. Algeria
5. Algeria

5. Algeria

Percent of GDP spent on military: 6.55%

Photo: Mass Communication Specialist Steven Harbour/US Navy

6. United Arab Emirates
6. United Arab Emirates

6. United Arab Emirates

Percent of GDP spent on military: 5.66% (2014 data)

Soldiers line up during the UAE's annual National Day celebration in 2015.

Photo: Frankris / Shutterstock

7. Israel
7. Israel

7. Israel

Percent of GDP spent on military: 5.64%

Photo: ChameleonsEye / Shutterstock

8. Russia
8. Russia

8. Russia

Percent of GDP spent on military: 5.40%

Russian soldiers rehearse for a parade in Moscow in 2012.

Photo: Kaliva / Shutterstock

9. Kuwait
9. Kuwait

9. Kuwait

Percent of GDP spent on military: 4.83% (2015 data)

Photo: Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Chad J. McNeeley/DOD

10. Lebanon
10. Lebanon

10. Lebanon

Percent of GDP spent on military: 4.76% (2015 data)

Above, Lebanese soldiers in Tripoli in 2012.

Photo: James Brooke/Voice of America

11. Bahrain
11. Bahrain

11. Bahrain

Percent of GDP spent on military: 4.59% (2015 data)

The Bahrain Defence Special Forces parachute display team shows off in an airshow in Bahrain.

Photo: PREJU SURESH / Shutterstock

12. Jordan
12. Jordan

12. Jordan

Percent of GDP spent on military: 4.58%

Photo: Fredy Thuerig / Shutterstock

13. Namibia
13. Namibia

13. Namibia

Percent of GDP spent on military: 4.44%

Namibia Defense Forces and police participate in a joint training seminar with the U.S. Navy in Arandis, Namibia in 2011.

Photo: Master Sgt. Dawn Price/USAF

14. Armenia
14. Armenia

14. Armenia

Percent of GDP spent on military: 4.09%

Pictured are the Armenian Army Special Forces.

Photo: Khustup /Wikipedia

15. Niger
15. Niger

15. Niger

Percent of GDP spent on military: 4%

Photo: Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Michael Larson/US Navy

16. Yemen
16. Yemen

16. Yemen

Percent of GDP spent on military: 3.97% (2014 data)

Above, Yemeni soldiers in Sana'a, Yemen in 2011.

Photo: Ibrahem Qasim/Wikipedia

17. Azerbaijan
17. Azerbaijan

17. Azerbaijan

Percent of GDP spent on military: 3.64%

Photo: Navy Petty Officer 2nd Class Dominique A. Pineiro

18. Iraq
18. Iraq

18. Iraq

Percent of GDP spent on military: 3.63%

Iraqi army soldiers stand outside an Iraqi army compound in Buhriz, Iraq, in 2007.

Photo: Staff Sgt. Stacy L. Pearsall, USAF

19. Pakistan
19. Pakistan

19. Pakistan

Percent of GDP spent on military: 3.56%

Photo: U.S. Air Force Master Sgt. Jerry Morrison

20. Brunei
20. Brunei

20. Brunei

Percent of GDP spent on military: 3.54%

Royal Brunei Army members pose for a picture during a training session.

Photo: LCPL Antonio J. Vega/USMC

21. Ukraine
21. Ukraine

21. Ukraine

Percent of GDP spent on military: 3.5% (2017 data)

Soldiers rehearse for an Independence Day military parade in Kiev, Ukraine.

Photo: Serhii Simonov / Shutterstock

22. Colombia
22. Colombia

22. Colombia

Percent of GDP spent on military: 3.39%

Pictured are Colombian soldiers in Bogota in 2009.

Photo: gary yim / Shutterstock

23. Botswana
23. Botswana

23. Botswana

Percent of GDP spent on military: 3.37%

Above, members of the Botswana Defence Force join in a parade in Francistown, Botswana.

Photo: Lt. Col Chris Wyatt/US Army

24. Singapore
24. Singapore

24. Singapore

Percent of GDP spent on military: 3.35%

Singapore armed forces and U.S. service members share tea during a break in training exercises in Hawaii.

Photo: Sgt. Anita VanderMolen

25. United States
25. United States

25. United States

Percent of GDP spent on military: 3.29%

Photo: Staff Sgt. Robert Jordan/US Army National Guard

26. Morocco
26. Morocco

26. Morocco

Percent of GDP spent on military: 3.28%

Morocco's Royal Guard at the entrance of the Mausoleum of Mohammed V in Rabat, Morocco.

Photo: Eric Valenne geostory / Shutterstock

27. Kyrgyzstan
27. Kyrgyzstan

27. Kyrgyzstan

Percent of GDP spent on military: 3.15%

Photo: ID1974 / Shutterstock

28. Cuba
28. Cuba

28. Cuba

Percent of GDP spent on military: 3.08% (2015 data)

Photo: Wikipedia

29. Mauritania
29. Mauritania

29. Mauritania

Percent of GDP spent on military: 2.97%

Photo: Petty Officer 2nd Class Kenan O'Connor

30. Angola
30. Angola

30. Angola

Percent of GDP spent on military: 2.95%

Photo: Rick Scavetta, U.S. Army Africa

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