NEW YORK (

TheStreet

) -- With 17,000 patents,

Motorola Mobility

(MMI) - Get Report

is the best mobile partner

Google's

(GOOG) - Get Report

Android could ever wish for as industry hostilities heat up.

The

breakout success of Google's Android operating system

has sparked an

intense arms race in technology patents

particularly related to mobile.

"We believe this is the singular most important issue for the smartphone industry at the moment," JPMorgan analyst Rod Hall wrote in a research note Monday.

Unsure of who has claims to intellectual property rights, industry giants are girding for battle by acquiring patent portfolios. Meanwhile, those with patents -- like Motorola -- are being urged by investors like Carl Icahn to carve out the assets for sale. And Motorola, happy to boast about the size of its patent portfolio, replied with the message that its patents are core to a successful strategy.

Asked about patents on an earnings conference call Thursday, Motorola CEO Sanjay Jha said it was an area of strength for the company. "As I look at these patent portfolios, I feel very good that we will be able to go forward and find ways to create and enhance shareholder value for all of our shareholders."

Google has complained that the

current patent system is broken

and does not encourage innovation. But that doesn't mean Google isn't interested in acquiring more. The company said it's adding a collection of 1,000 patents from

IBM

(IBM) - Get Report

that it acquired in a deal struck last month.

The battle lines in the patent war were drawn earlier in July, in the surprise aftermath of the

Nortel patent auction

.

Apple's

(AAPL) - Get Report

formation of Rockstar Bidco, a super consortium including

Research In Motion

(RIMM)

,

Microsoft

(MSFT) - Get Report

,

Ericsson

(ERIC) - Get Report

,

Sony

(SNE) - Get Report

and

EMC

(EMC)

-- the group that won the $4.5 billion auction -- is the best example yet of how the powers are aligning.

The consortium illustrates the establishment of

two distinct camps

: Google and its partners against the rest of the field.

As relative newcomers to the mobile industry, Google and Apple have very little legal ground to stand on when it comes to connected devices and wireless patents. Apple helped boost its position a bit with the Rockstar Nortel patents acquisition, a move that the

Wall Street Journal

says is being reviewed by the Justice department.

But Google is a software company whose fortunes in mobile are riding on the success of smartphone partners like

Samsung

, Motorola,

HTC

and

LG

.

Android-shop Samsung is in a legal battle with its former ally Apple. In April, Apple filed a lawsuit against Samsung for copying its iPhone and iPad. In June, Samsung sued Apple for patent violations.

Motorola, however, is far better positioned to defend the Android camp. Not only does Motorola have far more patents than its nearest competitors, it appears to have more of the key patents that may help the Android camp in a battle against Apple.

"It is interesting to note that Motorola asserted 18 patents against Apple, and sued Apple first, whereas Apple has asserted just six patents against Motorola," Morgan Stanley analyst Ehud Gelblum wrote in a research note last month.

So while Apple might have a Rockstar consortium, Google has a friend with deep patent portfolio.

--Written by Scott Moritz in New York.To contact this writer, click here: Scott Moritz, or email: scott.moritz@thestreet.com.Follow Scott on Twitter at MoritzDispatch