Trump and China to Sign Trade War Ceasefire on Wednesday

Mish

On Wednesday, the US and China will sign a compromise deal that will calm but not end a two-year trade war.

Hooray, we have a deal at last, assuming nothing happens between now and Wednesday. But serious issues linger.

The Wall Street Journal comments on How the U.S. and China Settled on a Trade Deal Neither Wanted.

The accord promises increased purchases of U.S. goods and services, greater access for American firms to China’s banking, insurance and other financial sectors, an end to tariff threats—and a chance to reset relations between the world’s largest economies. The two sides also have agreed to bi-annual meetings to discuss trade and economic issues.

Even so, the deal isn’t what either side said it had wanted. The U.S. doesn’t get the fundamental reforms in Chinese economic policy it sought to help American businesses. And levies remain on about $370 billion of China’s exports.

Mr. Trump had long claimed China was paying the cost of tariffs. Executives from Best Buy Co. were among those pointing out the burden falls on U.S. businesses and customers.

The U.S. is counting on remaining tariffs to compel Beijing to continue negotiating and agree to economic-policy changes. Failing that, Washington could use other pressure points, such as limiting the ability of Chinese firms to list shares in U.S. markets.

Still, Chinese officials feel they have little to gain from a phase-two deal forcing Beijing to ease state control of the economy, and Mr. Trump recently said that a phase-two agreement probably wouldn’t conclude until after the Nov. 3 election. The Chinese government continues to plan for a future where the two economies would be less intertwined and China would develop technology rather than rely on American imports.

When Mr. Xi met with a group of foreign luminaries including former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and former Treasury Secretary Hank Paulson in a November forum in Beijing, say attendees, he told them: “We did not start the trade war, but we won’t flinch from confrontation…Why should we change policies that are working?”

Deal or Ceasefire?

The WSJ calls this a deal.

Given US tariffs remain and there is no action by China on the intellectual property aspects, I call it a ceasefire.

Ceasefire, What We Know

  1. China to Resume Buying US Agricultural Exports
  2. No Economic Policy Reforms in China
  3. Tariffs Remain
  4. Hooray, Bi-Annual Meetings
  5. Phase 2 In Doubt
  6. China Says it Won't Flinch from Confrontations
  7. Most Details Remain a Top Secret
  8. Trump Ends Currency Manipulation Charge

That's All?

Yes. After two years of brutal escalations, a trade war ceasefire is all we get from alleged super-duper wheeler dealer Trump. This is a ceasefire that Trump could have had at any point in the last two years.

Moreover, we are worse off then when we started and tariffs still remain.

What happened?

In a nutshell, both sides were finally tired of the increasing damages, but neither side would walk back from core positions.

Currency Manipulation Charges Off

Ahead of the ceasefire, U.S. to Drop China’s Currency Manipulator Label

The U.S. Treasury Department will drop its designation of China as a “currency manipulator” just two days before negotiators from Beijing and Washington are set to sign the first phase of the trade deal between the two countries, according to a senior U.S. official.

U.S. lawmakers, economists and industry representatives have long expressed concern that China undervalues its currency to make its exports more competitive.

On August 6, I noted US Treasury Declares China a Currency Manipulator Under Orders From Trump

Three Currency Manipulation Criteria

  1. Significant bilateral trade surplus with the United States
  2. Material current account surplus
  3. Country engaged in persistent one-sided intervention in the foreign exchange market.

Those were Trump's criteria, not

China failed test two. China has a huge trade surplus with the US but China does not have a "material current-account surplus".

China also failed test 3. China frequently intervened with capital controls to prop up the value of the yuan.

Trump does not care about rules, even his own.

But now that we have a "deal", the currency manipulator charge is off.

Manufacturing Damage

Meanwhile, please note Manufacturing ISM Down 5th Month to Lowest Since June 2009

Also note, Manufacturing One Hit Wonder is Over, Jobs Up a Modest 145,000.

For added measure, Nine States Projected to Contract in 2020: More on the Way.

Hooray for the Ceasefire

Even if there was a substantial deal, it would have taken time for the economic impacts to ripple through. But at least the escalation stopped.

And it's the best ceasefire the world has ever seen.

Mike "Mish" Shedlock

Comments (14)
No. 1-10
Greenmountain
Greenmountain

Note the real beneficiaries of this deal - American farmers and I guess a coincidence that they are also Trump supporters. So what really happened is that Trump needs to get is base reenergized before the election. Prepare for lots of rallys in the farm belt.

Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett

The U.S. Treasury Department will drop its designation of China as a “currency manipulator”

...

Of course, China a manipulator ... never mind that their measures are to make it STRONGER than otherwise be. Like to see DJT's reaction if China allowed currency to truly float ... ie: crash ... and hence big boost to $US.

hmk
hmk

The only issues I see that need to be resolved is forced technology transfers, mandatory partnership with the Chinese govt and IP theft. The other issues like soes are peripheral noise. We subsidize our industries also, and currency manipulation is a joke also. I don't know why the above main issues are so diffuclut to resolve. They will never stop subsidizing industries as long as they think it will benefit them and if they dump goods we should accept the gift.

Zardoz
Zardoz

It’s so much easier to lie about when the agreement has no substance. Dear Leader was victorious! Sieg MAGA! Sieg MAGA!

Carl_R
Carl_R

OK, so as I read it, Trump gave up the currency manipulator charge (which wasn't going to stick, anyway), and agreed to stop levying more tariffs. In return the Chinese agreed to buy US ag products again, and not to add more tariffs, and agreed to pay the already levied tariffs. From the chart above, when he started, China's tariff on US products was 3x as high as US tariffs on Chinese products. Now they are about even, though both are considerably higher than before. IF, and that's a big if, China resumes buying he same number of Ag products as before, the only changes from all this will be that the tariffs are now equal.

BaronAsh
BaronAsh

So the billions collected in tariffs are irrelevant? Slowdown in China has nothing to do with that? The whole thing has just been a big waste of time.

I wonder if it's really that 'Orange Man Bad' a process.

Like things leaking out now about what happened in Iran are very different from what is being trumpeted in the Press (lots of back channel work to cut State Dept out of loop - JF Kennedyesque).

RonJ
RonJ

"Mr. Trump had long claimed China was paying the cost of tariffs. Executives from Best Buy Co. were among those pointing out the burden falls on U.S. businesses and customers."

Where did the burden fall for those 10's of thousands of American factories that closed and moved to China? There has been a hollowing out of middle America. The laid off factory worker or the cast off IT worker, replaced by an H1B, isn't going to be running out to Best Buy to purchase their products.

lol
lol

Plus the entire Chinese delegation will receive a free copy of Trump's new book "The Art of the Pretend Deal",now in paperback.

Realist
Realist

Hi thimk. American consumers and businesses are paying the price of tariffs. Tariff revenues are indeed up. Yet the federal deficit keeps going up to over a trillion dollars a year. Trump was going to lower taxes, grow the economy, and eliminate the deficit. I guess that didn’t work out so well. I wonder what the deficit will grow to as the economy continues to slow?

He was also going to re-negotiate all the “worst-in-history” trade deals. He re-negotiated NAFTA, changed about 1% of it and called it the “best-in-history” trade deal. What a joke.

It appears as though he is following the same pattern with China. All talk, no action.

Capn_Renault
Capn_Renault

Both the Chinese and the US governments want to control the Pacific and the international trade routes on it... and at least one of them is going to be disappointed. No amount of negotiating will change this.

Meanwhile, China essentially insulted Trump - at least using Chinese standards.

Their Vice-Premier was sent to negotiate with Trump. The US's #1 guy shaking hands and posing for photos with China's #2 guy. Xi didn't go.

In Chinese culture, sending a subordinate to an "important" meeting instead of the boss is a subtle way of saying the meeting is not important at all.


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