New Unemployment Claims at Highest Level Since Mid-August


Initial Claims unemployment claims unexpectedly rose to the highest level in 8 weeks.

Initials State Unemployment Claims

Seasonally-adjusted initial claims for the week ending October 10 rose to 898,000 from 845,000 according to the Department of Labor.

That's the highest total since 1,011,000 on August 22.

The BLS changed its methodology for counting initial claims effective August 29. The change artificially lowered the counts for that week. 

Since the BLS did not revise back, the weeks starting August 29 are distorted vs the weeks prior.

Continued State Unemployment Claims

Continued State Unemployment Claims in 2020 October 14  Report

Continued state unemployment claims lag initial claims by a week.

Continued claims are more important than initial claims. It is continued claims that determine the official unemployment rate.

The rate is set by survey on the week that contains the 13th of the month, the weeks in boxes. 

Suspect Improvement

Seasonally-adjusted continued claims fell from 11,183,000 last week to 10,018,00 this week. 

However, continued claims are distorted by three factors.

Continued Claims Distortions

  1. BLS Methodology Change on August 29.
  2. California is so messed up it froze reporting.
  3. People in some states have expired all of their state benefits and thus fell off the rolls.

California Fraud

Bloomberg Econoday has this interesting blurb last week regarding California.

California is now offline when it comes to claims data as it scrambles to limit unemployment fraud. With the weekly estimate for the US's largest state now frozen at a prior level of more than 260,000, forecasters see total initial claims easing slightly but not substantially to 819,000 in the October 3 week. 

California is still offline. I assure you fraud goes well beyond California.

Primary PUA Claims in 2020 

Primary PUA Claims in 2020  October 15 Report

Primary Pandemic Unemployment Assistance

Unlike state claims, PUA applies to people working part-time, gig workers, and self-employed workers who do not qualify regular state unemployment programs.

Over 11 million people receive PUA. This is where most of the fraud is hidden.

I suspect most of it is not fraud, but no one knows the real numbers due to the loosy-goosy nature of the program.

In terms of determining unemployment, I suspect that at least 2 million of those 11 million are genuinely unemployed.

All Continued Claims in 2020 

All continued Claims in 2020 October 15 Report

Like PUA Claims, All Continued Claims are not seasonally adjusted. 

They lag continued claims by a week and initial claims by 2 weeks.

Over 25 million people receive some assistance. That number, minus fraud and mistakes should feed the U6 (alternate unemployment rate).

Estimating the Unemployment Rate

The latest jobs report came out on October 2 as discussed in Job Recovery Slows and Headwinds Mount for October

The BLS says the number of unemployed is 12,580,000. 

The Unemployment Rate = #unemployed / Labor Force.

UR = 12,580,000 / 160,143,000 = 7.9%

But continued claims for the reference week were 11,979,000. 

PUA claims are over 11 million. Some number of them (2,000,000 to 4,000,000) are genuinely unemployed. 

Even if we assume only 1 million of those 11 million are unemployed, the BLS unemployment rate is too low.

Take my low-end guess of an additional 2 million, the unemployment rate is (11,979,000 + 2,000,000) / 160,143,000 = 8.7% vs the BLS claim of 7.9%.

If we assume PUA fraud or errors at 4 million (a generous to the BLS assumption) we can make the following calculation:

The U6 Unemployment rate would be (25,290,325 - 4,000,000) / 160,143,000 = 13.3% not the reported 12.8%.


Comments (38)
No. 1-11

I'm glad you're willing to wade through those reports and provide some insight into what's really going on. It's beyond my ability to make any sense out of unemployment numbers.

So we have a problem....too bad the congress is too busy grandstanding to do anything.


In related news, BLS is changing it's methodology for calculating CPI: it will directly survey households instead of using a fake basket of goods and services. /sarc


When the long math becomes too tiresome for Mish, we will certainly understand.


If trump wins, I'll be happy to see him stew in the sewage he's created. A crashed economy with an election he's made everyone question the legitimacy of. Putin's wet dream and trump's nightmare.

Lance Manly
Lance Manly

PEUC claims increased 818,054 to 2,778,007 on Sept 29th. That means that if they don't find work by January the 13 weeks of benefits will be expiring and they will be on their own. They really should be added to the continued state claims for that week since the vast majority of them are people with expiring state benefits.


Michigan passed 25 bills today that transfers funds from specific purposes and turned them over to the general fund, 37.1 million total. Unemployment payments have been a real problem. Most do not know that they are running a 1.5 billion dollar budget shortfall caused by Whitmer's illegal shut down. 37.1 is the million down payment I guess.


Pratt-Whitney and Collins Aerospace divisions had their layoffs on the 12th or 13th of this week, so those thousand or so people will show up in the reports a couple of weeks from now. The effects of the end of PPP are starting to show up in the initial unemployment claims report.


The US economy and jobs are not going back to the levels seen at the beginning of the year until you have a President who actually implements a plan to deal with the Pandemic and then successfully executes that plan. Till then, America will continue to suffer far worse then you need to.


Those pesky Communist Chinese will do anything to help their Democratic Party Comrades get ride of Trump


Worldometer today: 66,129 cases and 874 deaths in the US

With numbers like that, the US economy will have difficulty growing.