Home Ownership Rates Vary Wildly: What’s Going On?
A quick look at the chart led to hours of investigation. There were huge variations in home ownership rates, state by state.
Region in the county was not a factor, nor was the size of the state. Home ownership peaked in 1998 in one state and 1999 in several more.
The Massachusetts home ownership rate did not peak until 2012!
What’s up with that?
Massachusetts Home Ownership
A variation of that chart kicked off numerous questions:
- What other states peaked late?
- What states peaked early?
- What states are most above and most below the US average?
- Is state population a factor?
In all of the following charts, the data for individual states goes to 2015, while the US average is through first quarter of 2016. The home ownership rate for the entire US is seasonally adjusted, individual states are not.
Home Ownership Rates Five Largest Population States
In this group, Illinois is the most above the US average home ownership rate. Illinois is the 5th largest state by population. The US average in 2015 was 64%. Illinois was at 65.4%. Florida, the third largest state by population, is also above the national average. Population alone does not appear to be a major factor in home ownership rates.
Home Ownership Rates of Five Highest States in 2015
The coal bust state of West Virginia and the rust belt state of Michigan have the highest current home ownership rates at 74.9% and 74.6% respectively. The pattern stops there. Delaware, Vermont, and New Hampshire follow.
Home Ownership Rates of Five Lowest States in 2015
Dwarfing all the states, I added D.C. to the list. The current home ownership rate in D.C. is a pathetic-looking 40.4%, in a class by itself. Ignoring D.C., congratulations are due New York and California for having the lowest home ownership rates in the nation. A mere 51.5% of New Yorkers own their own home. California sits at 54.3% with Nevada at 54.8%. Rhode Island and Hawaii round out the list. Massachusetts was next in line, just missing the cut. Region is not a determining factor.
Home Ownership Rates Peaking Earliest
Congratulations are due Kentucky for trendsetting. It peaked in 1998, well before US average of 2004. North Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Maine peaked in 1999. New Mexico peaked in 2000. I don’t see much of a reason here, but all of the early peakers are still well above the national average.
Home Ownership Rates Peaking Latest
Congratulations are certainly due Massachusetts for peaking in 2012, a year later than runner up Vermont. Note that that Massachusetts plunged like a rock following a touch of the national trendline.
Data Sorted Low to High based on 2015 Home Ownership Percentage
Inquiring minds may be wondering how property taxes play into home ownership rates.
The above table from the CoreLogic article Comparing the Real Cost of Owning Property Across the United States. This gives us yet another metric to use.
Home Ownership Rates of States With Highest Property Taxes
Of the five highest property tax states, two are above the US average, two are below. New Jersey trended the entire time right near the average, sometimes above and sometimes below, and is now right on the average.
Home Ownership Rates of States With Lowest Property Taxes
Of the five lowest property tax states, South Dakota, Alabama, and Wyoming are above the US average. Colorado is right on the average, and Hawaii (with the lowest property taxes) is well below average ownership.
CBS News has a list of the 11 Most Expensive U.S. States to Buy a Home as of May, 2015.
- District of Columbia
- New York
- New Jersey
Home Ownership Rates of Five Most Expensive Places
There’s D.C. again. It is the number one in the list of most expensive places, and number one in the lowest home ownership rate.
- The number one factor in home ownership rate is affordability.
- The most expensive places to buy a home are D.C., Hawaii, California, New York, and Massachusetts, in that order. D.C., Hawaii, California, and New York are also in the bottom home ownership list. Massachusetts just missed the cut.
- D.C. is the most expensive place to buy a home and also dead last in home ownership.
- Following D.C., New York has the lowest home ownership rate in the nation. New York is the third most expensive place to live. In addition, New York has Rent Control and rent stabilization programs. New York’s current rent control program, which began in 1943, is the longest-running in the United States. New York has the second highest property tax rate after Illinois.
- California has the third lowest home ownership and is the third most expensive place to live. California also has Proposition 13, hugely impacting tax rates of recent buyers.
- Nevada has the fourth lowest home ownership rate but has a low tax rate and is not in the list of expensive places to live. It is the odd man out in this analysis.
- Rhode Island has the fifth lowest home ownership rate. It also has a high property tax rate.
- Hawaii is the second most expensive place to live but only the 6th lowest in home ownership rate (counting D.C.) As a possible contributing factor, Hawaii has the lowest property taxes.
- Massachusetts is the fifth most expensive place to live and had the 7th lowest home ownership rate. It is 16th in property taxes.
Mike “Mish” Shedlock