China Exports, Imports Soar: Global Trade Outlook Improving?
Bloomberg says the Global Trade Outlook Brightens. Really?
China’s overseas shipments accelerated in May from a year earlier, as global demand shows signs of picking up.
Exports rose 8.7 percent in May in dollar terms, the customs administration said Thursday. Imports increased 14.8 percent, leaving a trade surplus of $40.81 billion dollars. In yuan terms, exports rose 15.5 percent and imports surged 22.1 percent, bringing the trade balance to 281.6 billion yuan.
A brighter international outlook may provide support to the world’s largest trading nation, with the World Trade Organization saying it expects trade to “expand moderately” in the second quarter. Still, after a robust start to the year, the domestic economy is displaying some signs of weakening momentum. The official factory gauge held up in May, but a private gauge signaled contraction for the first time in 11 months.
China and the U.S. announced a deal in May to promote Chinese access for U.S. natural gas, financial services and beef as an “early harvest” of a 100-day review of the bilateral trade relationship that’s due to wrap up in July. China also vowed it will import $2 trillion from neighbors participating in its Belt and Road Initiative in the coming five years.
Robust Start to 2017?
Is Bloomberg in Bizarro World or an alternate universe somewhere?
Wikipedia describes the Belt and Road Initiative.
The Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-century Maritime Silk Road, also known as the Belt and Road Initiative (B&R) and The Belt and Road (B&R), is a development strategy proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping that focuses on connectivity and cooperation between Eurasian countries, primarily the People’s Republic of China, the land-based “Silk Road Economic Belt” (SREB) and the oceangoing “Maritime Silk Road” (MSR). The strategy underlines China’s push to take a larger role in global affairs, and the desire to coordinate manufacturing capacity with other countries in areas such as steel manufacturing.
China Exports and Imports in 2015
The above graphic from MIT.EDU, white arrows added by me.
China Surplusses 2016
- Hong Kong: US$275.3 billion
- United States: $253.1 billion
- Netherlands: $48 billion
- India: $47.2 billion
- United Kingdom: $37.6 billion
- Vietnam: $24.4 billion
- Mexico: $22.2 billion
- United Arab Emirates: $20.5 billion
- Singapore: $19.9 billion
- Pakistan: $15.6 billion
The above from Worlds Top Exports.
US Trade Deficit Widens
Before anyone gets too excited about improving global trade, I remind them of my June 2, article Trade Deficit Widens: Cascade of Bad News Accelerates, Trump Will Howl.
Trade in Goods and Services
Trade in Goods and Services Moving Average
US Trade Deficit by Country
Click on image for enhanced view.
Canada vs China
- Exports to Canada: 89,673
- Imports from Canada: 98,174
- Canada Sum: 187,847
- Exports to China: 39,335
- Imports from China: 145,816
- China Sum: 185,151
On a bilateral basis, Canada is the US’s largest trading partner.
Trade Deficit Breakdowns
- China alone accounts for 43.66% of the deficit.
- China, Mexico, Japan, and Germany account for 70.59% of the deficit.
- China and the Eurozone account for 59.17% of the deficit.
- China, Mexico, Japan, and the Eurozone account for 76.65% of the deficit.
- Canada, the US’s largest trading partner, accounts for only 3.49% of the deficit.
This is what has Trump upset. But he is barking up the wrong tree when he blames NAFTA.
For discussion, please see Disputing Trump’s NAFTA “Catastrophe” with Pictures: What’s the True Source of Trade Imbalances?
The US trade data is for April. The links at the top are for May.
On a relative basis, U.S. demand for foreign products is strong and foreign demand for U.S. products is not.
One month does not a trend make, even if one believes the May numbers from China.
Mike “Mish” Shedlock