Updated from 9:13 a.m. EDT

Stocks in the U.S. rocketed higher at Monday's open, as governments worldwide initiated massive emergency aid packages for struggling banks.


Dow Jones Industrial Average

soared 390 points to 8841, and the

S&P 500

jumped 36 points to 935. The


was better by 79 points at 1728.

During the previous week, the three major indices took a severe lashing as investors worried that stagnant credit markets weren't responding to curative efforts by the U.S. and other governments. The Dow and the S&P each dropped 18%, and the Nasdaq fell 15%.

The cost of borrowing appeared to relax slightly, as three-month dollar Libor fell 6.6 basis points to 4.75%. Overnight Libor rates were not assessed as U.S. bond markets were closed in observance of Columbus Day.

Over the weekend, central banks across the globe were initiating policies to offer liquidity to banks and bolster lending markets.

In the U.S., Interim Assistant Secretary for Financial Stability Neel Kashkari said in a statement Monday that the Treasury Department had enlisted law firm Simpson Thatcher to advise it on a plan to buy equity positions as a measure in its $700 billion relief package for financial firms.

The U.K. announced a plan to inject capital into three of its struggling banks.

Royal Bank of Scotland

(RBS) - Get Report



(LYG) - Get Report



will get up to $63 billion in government support, the

U.K. government


Australia said it would guarantee all of its banks' deposits and international debt. The United Arab Emirates said it would guarantee its domestic bank deposits. France and Italy are expected to detail their own plans later Monday. Germany, meanwhile, was preparing to expand a bailout package for its banks to $680 billion.

According to a report by



Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson

was looking into a U.S. program to guarantee debt issued by domestic banks following the significant intervention by European governments.


Federal Reserve

said it would offer unlimited dollar funding to swap facilities with several European central banks to meet increasing demand.

In company news, mergers and equity investments were dominating the headlines. Japanese bank

Mitsubishi UFJ


closed a deal with

Morgan Stanley

(MS) - Get Report

to buy a 21% stake in the U.S. bank holding company.


Banco Santander

( STD) said it may acquire all of troubled U.S. thrift

Sovereign Bancorp

( SOV).

The Fed said it had cleared the way for

Wells Fargo's

(WFC) - Get Report

purchase of


(WB) - Get Report


Outside the financials,

General Motors

(GM) - Get Report

was in discussions with

Cerberus Capital Management

to buy


automotive operations, according to published reports. Cerberus owns an 80% stake in



In analyst actions, Goldman Sachs predicted that the S&P 500 would climb 11% to reach 1000 at the end of the year. There's a high probability of a rally, Goldman said, but the rebound would not mark the beginning of a new bull market.

Merrill Lynch also upgraded Royal Bank of Scotland and German bank


to buy from neutral.


(BCS) - Get Report


Credit Suisse

(CS) - Get Report


Allied Irish Bank


got bumped to neutral from underperform. Merrill said it revised its ratings on the banks based on valuation.

Among technology shares, Friedman Billings reduced price targets on a wide array of technology companies, including


(MSFT) - Get Report



( MFE) and

Adobe Systems

(ADBE) - Get Report


As for commodities, crude oil was up $4.49 at $82.19 a barrel, and gold was lower by $3.50 at $855.50.

The market for U.S. Treasury securities was closed. The dollar was falling substantially vs. the euro and pound but rising against the yen.

Europe's exchanges, such as the FTSE in London and the Dax in Frankfurt, were trading higher. In


, Hong Kong's Hang Seng gained 10%. Japan's Nikkei was closed for a holiday.