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U.S. Stocks Ease Off Their Early Highs

U.S. stocks decline from their morning gains but continue to trade in positive territory as traders weigh a new round of earnings reports and a decline in third-quarter GDP.

Updated from 11:05 a.m. EDT

Stocks in the U.S. edged off their opening highs but were staying positive Thursday morning, as a decline in third-quarter GDP was narrower than expected and companies issued a heap of

quarterly earnings

statements.

The

Dow Jones Industrial Average

was up 69 points to 9060, and the

S&P 500

added 11 points to 941. The

Nasdaq

jumped 20 points to 1678.

Ahead of Thursday's session, the Department of Commerce reported that

GDP contracted 0.3%

in the third quarter, providing a strong indication that the U.S. has entered a recession. The decline was narrower than expected by economists but down from growth of 2.8% in the second quarter.

"If you'd been wondering if there was recession, this kind of brings it home," said Phil Dow, director of equity strategy at RBC Dain Rauscher. He said that a recession normally has been ongoing by the time the government says there is one, and that he thinks going forward the U.S. will see a two-quarter recession followed by modest growth.

"We shouldn't look for perfection in these estimates," said Dow. "It's pretty easy to get in a black mood and think that this is going to extend forever."

As for the GDP number's impact on stocks, "Normally you have the stock market recover even when it's cloudy," said Dow, and he said the market feels like it's close to an interesting bottom in pricing.

Steven Wieting, economist at Citigroup, wrote in an email that consumer spending for the third quarter dropped 3.1%, the biggest drop since 1980. Declines in production and employment, coupled with tight credit markets and wealth destruction indicate that GDP may decline more than 3% for the fourth quarter, he wrote.

However, "Assuming some easing in extraordinarily tight credit markets, we may currently be experiencing the worst pace of contraction in domestic economic activity overall," he wrote.

The Department of Labor's initial jobless claims for the week ended Oct. 25 registered at 479,000, above analyst estimates and level with the previous week.

Additional intervention to bolster the economy looked to be in the works, as

Bloomberg

reported that the Treasury Department and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. may devote $500 billion to help avert home foreclosures.

In the wake of the

Federal Reserve's

50-basis-point rate cut that brought its target interest rate to 1% Wednesday, debt markets were relaxing. Three-month dollar Libor was down 23 basis points to 3.19%, and overnight Libor declined 41 basis points to 0.73%.

American Express

(AXP) - Get American Express Company Report

signaled it was preparing for a tough year ahead, as the company announced it would cut jobs and reduce compensation in an effort to save $1.8 billion in costs for 2009.

Analyst actions

further illustrated uncertainty about the future of the banking sector. Merrill Lynch reduced 2009 earnings estimates for

Goldman Sachs

(GS) - Get Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. (GS) Report

and

Morgan Stanley

(MS) - Get Morgan Stanley (MS) Report

further below consensus, while raising estimates for

Citigroup

(C) - Get Citigroup Inc. Report

and

JPMorgan Chase

(JPM) - Get JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM) Report

further above consensus.

A smattering of corporate earnings were once again occupying traders' attention. Following Wednesday's close, insurance company

MetLife

(MET) - Get MetLife, Inc. (MET) Report

announced a decline in quarterly profit. Fellow insurer

Prudential

TheStreet Recommends

(PRU) - Get Prudential Financial, Inc. Report

swung to a loss.

Exchange operator

CME Group

(CME) - Get CME Group Inc. Class A Report

said profit declined year over year.

Investors heard from a variety of energy companies. Integrated oil firm and Dow component

Exxon Mobil

(XOM) - Get Exxon Mobil Corporation Report

posted earnings of $14.8 billion, the largest quarterly profit ever reported by a U.S. company.

Royal Dutch Shell

(RDS.A)

reported income that rose 71% year over year on higher oil prices.

Murphy Oil

(MUR) - Get Murphy Oil Corporation Report

, on the other hand, reported a substantial increase in third-quarter earnings but lowered guidance for the fourth quarter. Oil and natural gas firm

Apache

(APA) - Get Apache Corporation Report

reported a profit for the third quarter that increased 94% from the year-ago period.

Ahead of Thursday's trading, telecommunications equipment maker

Alcatel-Lucent

(ALU)

reported a loss on falling revenue and charges stemming from the merger between Alcatel and Lucent.

Cell-phone manufacturer

Motorola

(MOT)

swung to a loss and lowered guidance for the full year.

Pharmaceutical company

AstraZeneca

(AZN) - Get Astrazeneca PLC Sponsored ADR Report

reported net income that rose year over year. Consumer products maker

Colgate-Palmolive

(CL) - Get Colgate-Palmolive Company Report

also announced an increase in profit on rising sales.

On the merger front,

Delta Air Lines

(DAL) - Get Delta Air Lines, Inc. Report

completed its acquisition of

Northwest Airlines

(NWA)

.

Crude oil was losing $1.43 to $66.07 a barrel. Gold was adding $1.70 to $755.70 an ounce.

Longer-dated U.S. Treasury securities were mixed. The 10-year note was down 14/32 to yield 3.91%, and the 30-year was up 2/32, yielding 4.23%. The dollar was rising vs. the yen, but falling against the euro and pound.

Overseas, European exchanges including the FTSE in London and the Dax in Frankfurt were trading higher. In

Asia

, Japan's Nikkei and Hong Kong's Hang Seng closed with substantial gains.

(

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