Updated from 4:14 p.m. EDT
Wall Street took a dive Monday as U.S. investors fretted over a high-profile ouster in the financial space and other signs that the credit crisis has not yet abated, but equity measures finished well off their worst levels after oil futures cooled off a bit.
Dow Jones Industrial Average
, which plunged as many as 210 points earlier, ended the day down 134.5 points, or 1.06%, to 12,503.82. The
dropped 14.71 points, or 1.05%, at 1385.67, and the
was worse by 31.13 points, or 1.23%, to 2491.53.
Stocks found some relief after crude oil retreated from its sizable earlier gains, finishing up just 41 cents at $127.76 a barrel.
Hank Smith, chief investment officer with Haverford Investments, believes that the market's weakness makes it extraordinarily attractive right now, though he said that "the wild card, in some respects, is oil. Because clearly $3.75- and $4-a-gallon gas seems to be the breaking point for consumers." The national average for gas at the pump is currently $3.975 -- another record high -- according to AAA.
Smith added that it's worrisome "when you start to see commodity costs spill over into broader areas and start being used as excuses for price increases in other sectors." He specifically pointed to
, which announced last week that it would be
in order to offset the pain of surging commodities costs.
Despite the market's last-gasp attempt at recovery on Monday, stocks' breadth was dismal, with declining issues trouncing advancers by a 7-to-3 margin. Volume remained as thin as ever, reaching just 1.83 billion shares on the
New York Stock Exchange
and 1.97 billion shares on the Nasdaq.
Financials were hit particularly hard after
said that CEO Ken Thompson has been
by the board a few weeks after the bank disclosed that its first-quarter loss was 80% higher than it had originally reported. Thomson had been stripped of his chairman title in the wake of those losses. Shares ended down 1.7%.
"There are a number of things weighing on this market, not the least of which is that Wachovia just joined the parade of banks making changes in the executive suite," said Art Hogan, chief market analyst with Jefferies.
Financial Sector Index sank 1.5%.
Other chiefs pushed out in recent months, also amid massive writedowns, have been
Stan O'Neal, and
"Unfortunately, when we get these kinds of reminders of how bad things in the financial sector can be, even with the recent pullback in valuation, I think it's difficult to mount any significant rally here," Hogan said.
At the same time,
announced that it will be
. Stephen Frank will assume the chairman spot, while Kerry Killinger remains CEO. The stock dipped fractionally to $9.
Furthermore, Standard & Poor's slashed its ratings on Merrill Lynch,
, and revised its outlooks on
Bank of America
to negative. Shares lost between 1.3% and 8.1%.
S&P also put Wachovia on CreditWatch with negative implications while removing Citigroup from the same, but also assigned Citi a negative outlook. All told, S&P now has mostly negative rankings on large financial institutions. Citi shares were off 1.9% lately.
As stocks pulled back, the yield on the 10-year Treasury note ducked back under the 4% level. Recently, the note was jumping 24/32 in price to yield 3.97%. The 30-year bond was up 23/32 in price, bringing the yield down to 4.67%.
The slide in U.S. shares also came amid suffering European exchanges as Britain's largest lender to landlords,
Bradford & Bingley
, sliced the price of its rights offering and stoked fears that credit-related losses are continuing to spread.
The FTSE 100 lost 0.8%, the Germany's Xetra Dax sank 1.2%, and the Paris Cac plunged 1.6%. Asia markets fared better, however. Tokyo's Nikkei 225 climbed 0.7% overnight, and Hong Kong's Hang Seng Index jumped 1.2%.
Also on Monday, mobile operator
announced it will
in a stock swap worth $23.8 billion (185 billion Hong Kong dollars).
gave up 2.2% after the hotel operator said it now expects revenue per available room to grow just 2% in the second quarter,
of 3% to 5%.
Meanwhile, fertilizer concern
said its fiscal first-quarter earnings quintupled from last year to $33.1 million on sales that ramped up 75% at $84.4 million. Still, the stock finished down 2.2%.
reported that Japan-based carmaker
is considering shaving down its U.S. revenue guidance amid dwindling sales of its larger vehicles. Toyota shares closed up 0.5% on the NYSE.
In notable analyst actions, insurance firm
had its rating raised to outperform at Friedman Billings, and Keefe Bruyette upgraded
. Logging company
was cut to hold from buy at Deutsche Bank.
Progressive shares bumped up 1.8% as Sovereign rose 1.2%. Weyerhaeuser shares lost 1.6%.
Friedman Billings also boosted the price targets of several coal producers, among them
. Peabody and Arch gained 4.9% apiece as Patriot jumped 10.9%.
Back in commodities, gold futures finished up $5.50 to $897 an ounce. As for currency markets, the U.S. dollar settled up a tenth of a cent against the euro at $1.5540, and rose 0.8% against the British pound, while yielding 1% to the yen.
Earlier, the Institute for Supply Management put its national factory-activity index at 49.6 in May -- a full point higher than the prior month and better than the consensus estimate. Still, that was a bit below the break-even level of 50. Another potentially troublesome aspect of the report was a bulging list of commodities, the prices of which are rising. The ISM said that only two of the commodities it tracks -- methanol and zinc -- have stepped back in price since April.
Ian Shepherdson, chief U.S. economist with High Frequency Economics, wrote that a healthy pickup in export orders is helping to boost overall orders, but that the gains aren't strong enough to halt losses of manufacturing jobs. The export strength, he said, "is dead in line with the performance implied by the weakening of the dollar over the past year and will likely persist for a few more months yet."
"Overall, soft but not catastrophic," said Shepherdson, "but remember this is a deeply atypical, consumer-led downturn."
Meanwhile, the Commerce Department said construction spending was down just 0.4% in April, a little ahead of the 0.6% consensus. Data from March was revised to minus 0.6% from the originally released negative 1.1%.