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Stocks Slide on Fed Forecast, Oil Prices

All three major indices end down after the Fed revises its numbers. Troubling corporate news and record crude oil prices contributed to the market's woes.
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Updated from 4:23 p.m. EDT

Stocks in the U.S. were slammed Wednesday as some sobering predictions by the

Federal Reserve

and record crude oil prices sent bulls packing.


Dow Jones Industrial Average

plunged 227.49 points, or 1.77%, to 12,601.19, as every single one of its components closed in the red. The

S&P 500

was down 22.69 points, or 1.61%, at 1390.71, and the

Nasdaq Composite

was off 43.99 points, or 1.77%, to 2448.27.

Soaring oil and disappointing corporate news already had been weighing on equity measurers, but the declines steepened after the Fed revealed it had negatively revised a number of its 2008 forecasts in the minutes from its April 30 meeting, when the fed-funds target rate was cut by another quarter-point.

"There's been a fair amount of good news lately, and the Fed is kind of acting as a wet noodle," said Doug Roberts, chief investment strategist with "They're indicating that, both on the inflation front and on the economic front, it's going to be a prolonged malaise. It's one thing if you have a bad storm and then it clears up, but you're told it's going to rain for 40 days and 40 nights in the summer, you're going to get depressed."

Among the revisions, the Fed bumped up its fourth-quarter unemployment-rate forecast to between 5.5% and 5.7%, compared with the prior range of 5.2% to 5.3%. The central bank also raised its full-year core inflation estimate to between 2.2% and 2.4% while slashing its 2008 prediction for real gross domestic product growth to between 0.3% to 1.2% -- down sharply from 1.3% to 2% previously.

Marc Chandler, chief foreign exchange strategist at Brown Brothers Harriman and contributor to

TheStreet Recommends

, a sister site to

, wrote that the revision of GDP expectations "seems exceptionally pessimistic and perhaps an over-correction. Their negativity seems to be based on view of more and marked deterioration in the labor market which will restrain spending."

The minutes also said that most members of the Federal Open Markets Committee, the policymaking arm of the Fed, viewed the decision to cut the fed funds target rate even by a scant 25 basis points as a "close call." Furthermore, most "agreed that a further, modest easing in the stance of policy was appropriate to balance better the risks to achieving the Committee's dual objectives of maximum employment and price stability over the medium run."

That seems to imply that the Fed has indeed paused its easing campaign, which has brought down its benchmark lending rate by 325 basis points since September.

Still, said Roberts, "They're not making it explicit that they won't cut rates at all. The worst that can happen is that they'll adopt a hawkish policy, and all of a sudden the market takes a downturn, the labor situation gets worse, and they look like they're behind the curve."

"They're saying that they'd like to cut rates if necessary, but not to expect it any time soon," he added.

Stocks' breadth was dismal. Declining issues outpaced advancers by a 7-to-3 margin on both the

New York Stock Exchange

and the Nasdaq, which saw volume reach 2.25 billion shares and 2.19 billion shares, respectively.

Keeping pressure on stocks earlier was oil's continued rampage into uncharted territory. The newly benchmarked July crude contract rocketed to a new all-time high of $133.35 a barrel on word stockpiles declined 5.4 million barrels last week, according to the Energy Information Administration. Futures settled up $4.19 at $133.17. Also, the national average for gas prices at the pump today reached another record of $3.807 a gallon.

Gold futures tacked on $8.40 to $928.60 an once. The U.S. dollar had another weak day, losing ground against both the euro and the yen. The dollar index, which measures the greenback against a basket of its major competitors, sank 0.7%.

The financial sector was also helping to drag down equity measures, with the NYSE Financial Sector Index and the KBW Bank Index plummeting 2.5% and 2.3%, respectively.

The Wall Street Journal

reported that some big banks, having bet against indexes that track real estate securities and leveraged loans, may have seen their hedging strategies backfire amid the market's rebound over the past few months.

The paper named

Lehman Brothers


as possibly the worst hit here, and said it's likely that

Morgan Stanley

(MS) - Get Morgan Stanley Report

has also been hurt by that strategy. Shares slid 5.8% and 4.3%, respectively, as fellow brokerages

Goldman Sachs

(GS) - Get Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. Report


Merrill Lynch


gave up 2.1% and 2.9%.

Elsewhere in the financial space, Dow components


(C) - Get Citigroup Inc. Report


Bank of America

(BAC) - Get Bank of America Corp Report

, and

JPMorgan Chase

(JPM) - Get JPMorgan Chase & Co. Report

sank 2.2% or more.

Investors also appeared jarred by a

Financial Times

report saying that


(MCO) - Get Moody's Corporation Report

mistakenly gave triple-A ratings to billions of dollars in debt before fixing the error in early 2007. Moody's itself was sliding 15.9%.

At the same time, American Airlines parent

AMR Corp.


tumbled 24.2% after saying it will

reduce domestic flights and staff capacity

by 11% to 12% in the fourth quarter, citing agonizing fuel costs and a tough macro environment overall.

That, together with the surge in crude, seemed to weigh on aircraft maker


(BA) - Get Boeing Company Report

. The stock lost 4.6% to become one of the day's worst-performing Dow components.

Soleil downgraded AMR and United operator

UAL Corp.

(UAL) - Get United Airlines Holdings, Inc. Report

to sell while cutting


(CAL) - Get Caleres, Inc. Report

to hold from buy, and Lehman Brothers sliced its price targets on all three. UAL shares fell 29.5%, and Continental lost 13.2%.

Lehman Brothers eased its price targets on several other airline stocks, as well, including

U.S. Airways







(JBLU) - Get JetBlue Airways Corporation Report

, and


(DAL) - Get Delta Air Lines, Inc. Report

. Shares of the companies shed between 7.6% and 22.1%.

Meanwhile, Dow component


(HPQ) - Get HP Inc. Report

confirmed that fiscal second-quarter earnings

climbed 16%

to $2.1 billion on rising revenue of $28.3 billion. The results were in line with what the computer maker announced last week, when the company simultaneously said it had

agreed to buy



for $13.9 billion.

H-P shares were down 3.6%.

At the same time,

Time Warner


said it will

spin off


Time Warner Cable


business. Shares rose 0.6% and 3.5%, respectively.

Back in earnings, TurboTax software maker


(INTU) - Get Intuit Inc. Report

topped Wall Street estimates

with adjusted earnings of $1.39 a share. Revenue jumped 15%, and the company issued in-line guidance for the current quarter. Shares tracked 3.4% higher.

Analog Devices

(ADI) - Get Analog Devices, Inc. Report

, booked a climbing profit for last quarter and set out bullish guidance for the next, but the chipmaker's gross margin was also down slightly from the prior quarter. The stock gave up 4%.

Treasury prices were slipping. The 10-year note was off 7/32 in price to yield 3.80% and the 30-year bond lost 6/32 in price, yielding 4.54%.

The major overseas markets were mostly falling. In Asia, Tokyo's Nikkei 225 dropped 1.7% overnight, but the Hang Seng Index in Hong Kong added 1.2%. Among European bourses, London's FTSE 100 was ticking up 0.1%, and Germany's Xetra Dax surrendered 1.1%. The Paris Cac moved down 0.5%.