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Updated from 9:40 a.m. EST

U.S. stocks opened remained mired in negativity Wednesday morning, as Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson spoke about the progress of the government's efforts to inject capital into the financial sector.


Dow Jones Industrial Average

was losing 265 points to 8428, and the

S&P 500

gave back 28 points to 871. The


slid 41 points to 1540.

The status of programs to quell turmoil in the financial space was occupying investor attention.

The Wall Street Journal

reported ahead of Wednesday's session that the Treasury may begin to require companies to raise private money before gaining access to the $700 billion

Troubled Asset Relief Program




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also reported that

American Express

(AXP) - Get American Express Company Report

, which on Monday had become a

bank-holding company

and thus eligible for funds from the

Federal Reserve

, was attempting to get $3.5 billion in capital injections from the government.

Paulson, speaking in Washington Wednesday morning, offered an update on the state of the TARP. "We have taken the necessary steps to prevent a broad systemic event," said Paulson, but he cautioned that the financial system remains fragile and turmoil in the markets will not abate until the housing correction resolves itself. He proposed a broad expansion of the use of TARP funds, and that non-banks may also need access to emergency funding.

Paulson also said that remaining TARP funds will be used to target ailing consumer financing markets and support homeowners facing foreclosure.

Meanwhile, a report by


indicated the Fed is attempting to become the main regulator for the credit-default swaps market. The Fed and other government agencies are working to develop a clearinghouse for the $33 trillion CDS market.

The government also was moving toward aid for the automakers.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi

suggested financial assistance for the industry, which includes

General Motors

(GM) - Get General Motors Company Report



(F) - Get Ford Motor Company Report



. GM and Ford last Friday announced troubling quarterly losses that led some to question the future viability of the U.S. auto sector.

In the energy sector,


(EXC) - Get Exelon Corporation Report

announced it would take its buyout bid for

NRG Energy

(NRG) - Get NRG Energy Inc. Report

straight to shareholders after NRG on Monday rejected Exelon's offer.

As for technology companies,


(MSFT) - Get Microsoft Corporation Report

is working on a deal with


(VZ) - Get Verizon Communications Inc. Report

to provide the default search software for Verizon Wireless' phones, according to a report by the



Among corporate earnings,

Dutch financial firm ING

(ING) - Get ING Group N.V. Report

swung to a quarterly loss on losses related to the financial crisis.

In retail, department store operator


(M) - Get Macy's, Inc. Report

announced a third-quarter loss on declining sales. Elsewhere among merchants, electronics vendor

Best Buy

(BBY) - Get Best Buy Co. Inc. Report

, citing declines in consumer spending, lowered its earnings forecasts for the remainder of its fiscal year.

Turning to economic forecasts, the Bank of England predicted a decline in Britain's inflation to below 2% next year, but also said that inflation could decline yet further on an economic downturn.

Looking at commodities, crude oil was declining $2.03 to $57.30 a barrel, as the

International Energy Agency

predicted global energy demand would rise 1.6% annually between 2006 and 2030 and called for new investments to avert a supply shortage. Gold was down $14.90 to $717.90 an ounce.

Longer-dated U.S. Treasury securities were rising in price. The 10-year was up 18/32 to yield 3.67%, and the 30-year was up 21/32, yielding 4.16%. The dollar was higher vs. the euro and pound but losing ground against the yen.

Overseas, European exchanges, such as the FTSE in London and the DAX in Frankfurt, were trading lower. As for

Asian markets

, Japan's Nikkei and Hong Kong's Hang Seng closed on the downside.