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Updated from 9:14 a.m. EST

Stocks on Wall Street dropped at the open Tuesday, as financial firms were working to accommodate strains on both the consumer and the credit markets.


Dow Jones Industrial Average

lost 153 points to 8717, and the

S&P 500

edged down 16 points to 903. The


gave back 26 points to 1590.

Ahead of Tuesday's trading, financial firms were adjusting their businesses to account for the credit crunch and economic slowdown.


(C) - Get Citigroup Inc. Report

announced that it would alter terms for mortgages to avoid foreclosure proceedings on as much as $20 billion in at-risk mortgages. Last Friday,

JPMorgan Chase

(JPM) - Get JP Morgan Chase & Co. Report

announced a similar mortgage-refinance program, covering $110 billion in loans.

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Meanwhile, credit card company

American Express

(AXP) - Get American Express Company Report

got the go-ahead from the

Federal Reserve

to turn itself into a bank holding company. Such a move would allow American Express to build a deposit base and secure Fed funding.

Goldman Sachs

(GS) - Get Goldman Sachs Group Inc. (The) Report


Morgan Stanley

(MS) - Get Morgan Stanley Report

had earlier this year successfully petitioned the Fed for bank holding company status.


also reported that government-controlled mortgage companies

Fannie Mae



Freddie Mac


were planning similar mortgage-restructuring initiatives.

Separately, the

Los Angeles Times

reported that

Goldman Sachs

had been encouraging its clients to bet against California bonds even as it was collecting fees to help California sell the same bonds.

Traders were also checking the automotive sector's vital signs. On Monday,

President-elect Obama

met with President Bush and suggested that the government offer assistance to the ailing industry. Obama's petition followed a request by House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid to expand the $700 billion

Troubled Asset Relief Program

to include automakers.

General Motors

(GM) - Get General Motors Company Report

has lately shown signs that it needs assistance. Late Monday, the carmaker said it would lay off 1,900 factory workers. The announcement followed GM's report of a $2.5 billion quarterly loss on Friday and a Deutsche Bank analyst report targeting GM's stock value at $0.

In the energy patch,

Chesapeake Energy

(CHK) - Get Chesapeake Energy Corporation Report




announced a joint venture to seek additional natural gas resources.

As for earnings, following Monday's close, coffee purveyor


(SBUX) - Get Starbucks Corporation Report

reported a decline in profit and fell short of analysts' estimates. The company also said it would not provide earnings guidance for the upcoming year.


Toll Brothers

(TOL) - Get Toll Brothers Inc. Report

announced that its building revenue suffered a 41% decline for the latest quarter.

Telecom firm


(VOD) - Get Vodafone Group Plc Report

, meanwhile, announced falling profit for the first half of its fiscal year and reduced revenue guidance.

Shifting to commodities, crude oil was losing $1.89 to $60.52 a barrel. Gold was dropping $11.70 to $734.80 an ounce.

The U.S. bond market is closed Tuesday for Veterans Day. The dollar was rising vs. its major foreign competitors.

Credit markets were continuing to thaw. Three-month dollar Libor, a measure of the rate banks charge one another for large loans, was down 6 basis points at 2.18%. Overnight Libor was set at 0.35%.

Abroad, European exchanges, including the FTSE in London and the DAX in Frankfurt, were mostly edging downward. In Asia, Japan's Nikkei and Hong Kong's Hang Seng both closed with losses.

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