Updated from 11:56 a.m. EST

Stocks in the U.S. had earlier been hit by a series of gloomy economic reports, but were lately working higher after President-elect Barack Obama added former

Federal Reserve

Chairman Paul Volcker to his economic team.

The

Dow Jones Industrial Average

, down some 168 points earlier, was lately up 34 points at 8513, and the

S&P 500

was adding 7 points at 865. The

Nasdaq

was leading the move higher with a gain of 34 points at 1498.

The major averages had earlier been trading with losses following the release of numerous economic reports, many of which accentuated investor pessimism about the future of U.S. companies.

  • The Census Bureau reported that durable-goods orders declined 6.2% in October, a bigger drop than the 2.5% expected by economists. The September figure was revised down to a 0.2% decline from a 0.8% increase.
  • The Chicago Purchasing Managers Association's index of manufacturing activity came in at 33.8, well below the consensus estimate of 38.5 and down sharply from October's read of 37.8.
  • October new-home sales data from the Department of Commerce showed a bigger-than-expected decline to an annual rate of 433,000 homes, the slowest rate of sale since January 1991.
  • The Commerce Department's read on personal income showed a 0.3% uptick for October. Analysts had forecast a income growth of 0.1%. Spending slowed by 1%, its broadest decline since September 2001.
  • A consumer-sentiment survey from the University of Michigan yielded a read of 55.3, another sharp decline from the previous month.
  • In one positive development, weekly initial jobless claims data from the Census Bureau showed claims were down 14,000 to 529,000 for the week ended Nov. 22. The previous claims figures were revised up by 1,000 to 543,000.

"I think most of these bad numbers are baked in," said Larry Adam, chief investment strategist at Deutsche Bank. He said that although many of the data releases were weaker than analysts had expected, they are consistent with what the market has seen since October. "When the numbers get a little bit less bad ... I think that'll actually help the market."

Outside of domestic indicators,

China's central bank

announced it cut its benchmark interest rate by 1.08%, a move that reflects increasing concern that one of the world's fastest-growing economies has slowed considerably.

Troubles weren't confined to Asia. The

European Commission

on Wednesday called for a $256 billion economic stimulus plan to help the continent alleviate its own recessionary woes.

As data releases painted a picture of the downturn, President-elect Barack Obama staged a press conference to name former Fed Chair Paul Volcker to head a White House advisory board geared at steering the U.S. through the current financial turmoil.

"You've had a leadership vacuum taking place, and I think he's basically appointed high-visibility people who have pretty good track records," said Adam of Deutsche Bank. He said the market had been facing some uncertainty about who would head the new economic team. "Will it be Geithner? Will it be Summers? Or will it be Volcker? Well, now you've got all three, all probably working in a coordinated fashion."

The

Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.

also announced it would create a process by which qualified, non-bank firms can bid for deposits and assets of failing banks. The plan is designed to reduce costs to the FDIC as banks fail as well as to minimize jolts to the financial system, the agency said.

As for the day's corporate earnings, equipment maker

Deere

(DE) - Get Report

announced an 18% decline in fourth-quarter profit.

Jeweler

Tiffany

(TIF) - Get Report

, meanwhile, announced a 57% decline in earnings on flagging U.S. sales.

In other company news, Fitch Ratings cut its debt rating on

Toyota

(TM) - Get Report

, putting a negative outlook on the company. Both domestic and foreign automakers have had a rough go of it thanks to flagging demand.

Canadian telecom company

BCE

(BCE) - Get Report

, announced that its leveraged buyout may not take place by its scheduled date of Dec. 11.

Among financial firms,

Goldman Sachs

(GS) - Get Report

ended discussions with

Panasonic

( PC) about a potential sale of Goldman's stake in

Sanyo

. Goldman cited concerns about the price and deal structure as it walked away.

In the commodities space, crude oil was climbing $2.44 to $53.21 a barrel. Gold was slipping $6.90 to $813.60 an ounce.

Longer-dated U.S. Treasury securities were rising in price. The 10-year was adding 30/32 to yield 3%, and the 30-year was up 1-14/32, yielding 3.56%. The dollar was higher vs. the euro and pound but softening against the yen.

Globally speaking, European exchanges were mixed, as the FTSE in London took losses but the DAX in Frankfurt was flat. In Asia, Japan's Nikkei closed with losses, and Hong Kong's Hang Seng ended with gains.