NEW YORK (
) -- Prospective bank buyers are outweighing sellers, signaling that after a big lull in U.S. bank M&A last year, the market may revive in 2012.
In an update to its list of potential bank buyers and sellers, bank research firm KBW now counts 53 potential bank acquirers, far outweighing the 22 potential sellers that it's identified and an additional 13 banks that could either look for a deal or a sale in 2012. While the update provides four new banks to consider as consolidation targets, it also signals a possible uptick in bank consolidation on the heels of a significant
In a Mar. 12 report KBW analyst Christopher McGratty highlights 4 new banks that could potentially look at a sale, including
First Defiance Financial
Texas Capital Bancshares
In addition McGratty removed
from his buyers list and added it to a list of 13 potential bank buyers who could become sellers. New addition also include
Alliance Financial currently trades at a price to 2013 earnings per share valuation of 12.3x, while it is valued at 1.4x its tangible book value. KBW currently holds out a $30 a share price target and a "market perform" rating for the Syracuse, N.Y.-based lender. Alliance Financial also has a tangible common equity of 7.7% relative to its total asset.
First Defiance Financial
Another new sale candidate First Defiance Financial currently trades at a price to 2013 earnings per share valuation of just 8.7x and a stock price that reflects a discount to the bank's tangible book value. KBW analysts rate First Defiance Financial a "outperform" rating on the bank's 0.9x tangible book valuation and its tangible common equity to total asset ratio of 8.7%. They give shares of the Defiance, OH-based bank a $19 price target, a near 20% premium to current trading prices.
New KBW prospective bank seller OmniAmerican Bancorp may look to sell itself a t a premium valuation that reflects the Baltimore-based lenders brightening prospects after a 2010 initial public offering. Since its IPO, OmniAmerican shares have surged over 60%, significantly outperforming bank peers. Even a t a current valuation of 24.7x expected 2013 earnings per share and a 1x price to tangible book value, KBW analysts give shares an "outperform" rating and a price target of $23.00, an over 20% premium to current trading prices.
Texas Capital Bancshares
At a market cap of $1.3 billion Texas Capital Bancshares is KBW's largest cap new addition to its potential sellers list. The Dallas based bank currently trades at 13.8x KBW's forecast 2013 earnings per share and a price to tangible book value of 2.2x, warranting a "market perform" rating and a $33 a share price target from KBW that's a discount to current trading prices over $34.
Overall KBW analyst McGratty added 12 potential buyers to his bank M&A watch list, four potential sellers and just 3 potential buyers who could become sellers. Meanwhile, McGratty removed 4 possible bank buyers and two potential sellers. It's a signal that after a slow period in industry consolidation, a shortage of sellers might pull buyers into the market.
A 2012 rally in the bank sector and a surplus of banks owned by private equity investors may be an added headwind for deals in the coming year, to recover from the slowest year in U.S. bank mergers in three decades, according to
Financial Select Sector SPDR
is up over 14% year-to-date, more than doubling the 6% return of the
Dow Jones Industrial Average
For more on bank M&A, see why
bank deals are proving to be profitable
. For more on bank investing and the upcoming March stress tests, see
If a Monday acquisition of
Pacific Capital Bancorp
for $1.5 billion is any indication of 2012 deal activity, banks held by private equity owners may increasingly make it to the selling block.
In the California bank consolidation, UnionBanCal's is buying Pacific Capital Bancorp for $46 a share or a 60% premium to share prices prior to the deal announcement.
For Pacific Capital's 76% shareholder, the
Ford Financial Fund
, a private bank investing firm run by Texas billionaire Gerald Ford, the deal is a large windfall on a $500 million investment. The acquisition also was a benefit to U.S. Treasury Department, which held roughly 11% of Pacific Capital's outstanding shares After making a $181 million preferred share investment in Pacific Capital as part of its $700 billion
Troubled Asset Relief Program
bank bailout in 2008.
Other significant bank's owned by private equity firms include
First Republic Bank
Boston Private Financial
Central Pacific Financial
National Penn Bancshares
, among 23 in total notes McGratty in a Jan. 22 report.
While UnionBanCal -- owned by Japanese banking conglomerate
Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group
after a $3.6 billion acquisition in 2008 - has cut the first in a possible flurry of private equity-backed bank strategic acquisitions, the deal also highlights a M&A rationale.
UnionBanCal said that the premium-priced acquisition would be accretive to earnings as a result of synergies and hundreds of millions in deferred tax assets that came with Pacific Capital. Because Pacific Capital struggled to turn profits since the crisis, a merger allows the acquirer to make use of tax benefits to those losses.
"Unique to this transaction, Union Bank is reversing Pacific Capital's $248mm DTA valuation adjustment and is recording a $20mm net write-up of the 2010 credit mark (after tax). As a result, the as-reported
price to tangible book value multiple paid of 2.25x declines to 1.6x after making these adjustments," writes McGratty.
In 2009, Pacific Capital lost $421 million as its non-performing assets rose to $467.3 million. The bank's losses have since turned to profits, after it reported net income of over $70 million for 2011. Pacific Capital shares rose over 56% to $45.03 in Monday trading. Prior to the deal, the company's shares were off roughly 7% in the last 12 months.
For UnionBanCal, the move is also a quick way for it to grow its wealth management and banking presence in Santa Barbara and the central coast of California.
Overall, UnionBanCal will add Pacific Capital's 47 branches to its 400-plus branches spread across California, Washington, Oregon, Texas and New York. Pacific Capital has $5.9 billion in assets, while UnionBanCal has $89.7 billion in assets, according to filings as of Dec. 31.
In 2010, bank investor Gerald Ford invested $500 million in Pacific Capital, with the agreement to convert the government's preferred investment into common stock. For Ford, Monday's sale of Pacific Capital may have been the bank investment coup that he was looking for in the aftermath of the credit crunch.
After the crisis hit, Ford had been looking for a distressed bank to buy, hiring
The Carlyle Group
The Blackstone Group
to bid on First Republic Bank, then a unit of
Bank of America
. Instead, First Republic was sold to private equity firms
and is now among the banks that McGratty notes is a top performing private equity investment.
-- Written by Antoine Gara in New York