The Dow Jones Industrial Average posts a record close amid a surge in oil prices and as Wall Street looked to a decision from the Federal Reserve on interest rates later in the week.
The Dow was up 0.19%, following stronger gains earlier in the session that boosted the index to an all-time intraday high of 19,825, but it closed at 19,794 beating its record closing high on Friday of 19,756. The Dow has closed at a record 15 times since Election Day.
The S&P 500 was down 0.12%, after touching an intraday high of 2,264, while the Nasdaq declined 0.59% as technology shares tumbled.
The energy sector was the leading sector on Monday, with the Vanguard Energy ETF (VDE) - Get Report up 0.38%. Exxon Mobil (XOM) - Get Report shares were up 2% as oil prices jumped. Meanwhile, the oil giant's CEO, Rex Tillerson, appears to be the leading candidate for secretary of state in President-elect Donald Trump's cabinet.
West Texas Intermediate crude oil was up 2.6% on Monday and settled at $52.83 a barrel. Brent crude, the global benchmark, traded at $55.35, up 1.9%. Oil prices traded Monday at their highest since mid-2015.
Eleven non-OPEC countries including Russia and Mexico over the weekend agreed -- for the first time in 15 years -- to reduce oil output by 558,000 barrels a day. Saudi Oil Minister Khalid Al-Falih said his country, the largest crude exporter, would cut production below its two-year level of 10 million barrels a day. This follows an OPEC agreement last month to slash output by 1.2 million barrels a day.
Transportation stocks took a hit as the price of oil increased, American Airlines (AAL) - Get Report fell 4%, Delta Air Lines (DAL) - Get Report was down 3.4%, and Southwest Airlines (LUV) - Get Report dropped 0.9%.
The yield on the 10-year Treasury rose 0.5% to 2.48%. Earlier, the yield touched 2.53%, a nearly 27-month high, as investors sold off bonds in anticipation of an interest rate increase from the Federal Reserve later this week.
The economic calendar in the U.S. is light Monday but picks up Tuesday when the Federal Open Market Committee will gather for its two-day meeting. It's a near certainty that the Fed's policy-setting committee will lift interest rates for the first time since last December. The likelihood of a rate increase is 97.2%, according to CME Group fed funds futures.
"I think the Fed really wants to be proactive in popping any potential bubbles going forward," Peter Nigro, Bryant University professor and finance department chair, said in a phone interview. "Right now I think there is a lot of optimism to his [Trump's] tax cut proposals that will likely gain traction as well as his thoughts on regulations, but it will be interesting to see once he takes office how successful he is at implementing those policies and that will impact the Fed as well."
Nigro said that if market conditions persists he expects the Fed to raise interest rates two or three time during 2017.
Chipotle Mexican Grill's (CMG) - Get Reportfounder Steve Ells was named the sole CEO of the fast food chain, the company announced Monday. Shares of Chipotle were up 3.4%. Ells will remain the chairman of the board, while co-CEO Monty Moran will step down immediately.
Viacom's (VIAB) - Get Report class B shares were down 9.3% as CBS Vice Chair Shari Redstone ended talks to merge with CBS (CBS) - Get Report . Viacom announced late Monday afternoon that acting CEO Bob Bakish will be the permanent CEO, and they also said they "dissolved the Special Committee that was formed to evaluate a potential transaction" between the two companies. CBS shares declined slightly.
"Billions of dollars can and will be saved on military (and other) purchases after January 20th," Trump tweeted Monday morning.
Boeing (BA) - Get Report was down 0.28% after Iran Air finalized a deal on Sunday to buy $16.6 billion worth of Boeing passenger planes, including 50 single-aisle, narrow-body Boeing 737 Max 8s, and 30 777s, a wide-body, twin-engine plane. Iran's aviation industry has been hobbled for years by sanctions, which have prevented the country from buying new planes from Boeing and Europe's Airbus.
Lonza Group (LZAGY) , a Swiss drugmaker, confirmed on Monday it's in advanced talks with private-equity firm KKR & Co. (KKR) - Get Report to acquire Capsugel, a U.S. maker of capsule products and other drug delivery systems for nearly $5 billion. According to Reuters, a deal could be reached this week. Shares of Lonza were down 5%.
Newell Brands (NWL) - Get Report agreed to buy Sistema Plastics of New Zealand, a maker of food-storage containers, for $470 million. Newell also announced it would buy Smith Mountain Industries, a maker of candles, for $100 million. Shares of Newell were up 1.9% Monday.
Ophthotech (OPHT) - Get Report shares fell 86% Monday after the company announced negative results from two late-stage clinical trials of its eye drug Fovista.
Alexion Pharmaceuticals (ALXN) - Get Report fired its CEO and chief financial officer Monday amidst an internal probe into allegations of improper sales practices tied to its top-selling drug Soliris. The stock tumbled 13%.
Class A shares of Twenty-First Century Fox (FOXA) - Get Reportwere down 7% following reports that Sky (SKYAY) minority shareholders and a major holder may vote against the deal saying the $23.22 billion offer from Fox was to low, Reuters reported. Sky shares fell 1.3%
Verifone Systems (PAY) is expected to report fiscal fourth-quarter earnings after the closing bell on Monday.