(Food stocks hit by commodity inflation report updated with news that Hershey( KFT) raised wholesale prices to help offset rising input costs.)
NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- Consumer food stocks from Hershey( KFT) and Kraft Foods( KFT) to McDonald's (MCD) - Get Report and Starbucks (SBUX) - Get Report say that rising commodity costs are eating into their bottom lines.
The United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said its index of global food prices was at record highs, spiking 25% internationally in 2010, higher even than where the index was in 2007-8 during the last food price inflation crisis.
In March the United Nations' food body reported that world food prices rose 2.2% month-over-month in February to a record peak.
The UN also warned that volatility in the oil markets could send global food prices even higher.
February's rise marked the eighth consecutive increase since June, and was the highest since the group began monitoring food prices more than 20 years ago.
The quick rise in food inflation started around seven months ago, Nicholas Colas, ConvergEx Group's chief market strategist, told
recently, building off long-term trends like the growing middle class in China and India where demand for beef and vegetable-based proteins grew disproportionately to demand for grain-based diets. Converting soft commodities like corn and wheat into protein -- think cows and poultry -- is inefficient, costly and time-consuming.
Rising food prices signal producers should produce more, Colas said, but "you can't just turn a switch." It takes time to plant the corn, it must be the right time of year, and it takes time for the crop to grow.
For food and beverage companies, that means many will have to pass higher costs onto already cash-strapped consumers -- and some, like
( SLE) and
, already have.
Here then is a rundown of major consumer food stocks, and how rising commodity costs are affecting their performance.
: Sparks, MD.-based McCormick is engaged in manufacturing, marketing and distributing flavor products including spices, herbs, extracts, seasonings and flavorings and other food products to the entire food industry.
McCormick said it had to implement price increases last quarter to offset "a significant increase in raw and packaging material costs," and to its credit, the increases did result in a double-digit profit gain.
McCormick said its joint venture in Mexico started 2011 off with healthy sales and profit growth, though the company said in its recent earnings report that "higher commodity costs are expected to impact this business as the year progresses."
Cost of goods sold edged up less than 0.1% year-over-year in the first quarter this year.
Dr Pepper Snapple
Dr Pepper Snapple
: Plano, Texas-based Dr Pepper Snapple is an integrated brand owner, manufacturer and distributor of non-alcoholic beverages in the United States, Canada and Mexico with a diverse portfolio of flavored carbonated soft drinks and non-carbonated beverages. Brands include Dr Pepper, Sunkist soda, 7UP, A&W, Canada Dry, Schweppes, Snapple, Mott's, Hawaiian Punch and Clamato, among others.
In late March Dr Pepper Snapple said that costs for plastic bottles and fuel to transport beverages have been rising as oil prices march higher.
Dr Pepper Snapple reiterated its forecast that total costs of goods will grow between 6% and 7% in 2011, though the recent spike in oil prices was not factored into that projection.
Oil prices affect the price of polyethylene terephthalate, or PET, the plastic used by companies like Dr Pepper Snapple to make soda bottles. Dr Pepper Snapple and others, like
, cannot hedge their prices of PET because the material is not traded like other commodities.
Dr Pepper Snapple intends to raise prices and implement other cost savings initiatives in an effort to offset higher costs. Some other initiatives include more efficiently spending marketing dollars, and shipping certain products directly to retailers.
: Orlando-based Darden Restaurants operates in the full-service dining segment of the restaurant industry, mainly in the United States. Restaurant brands include Red Lobster, Olive Garden, LongHorn Steakhouse and The Capital Grille, among others.
Darden reiterated its outlook for food cost inflation between 3.5% to 4% in fiscal 2012, even as it topped fiscal third-quarter profit expectations.
Costs for food and beverage sales jumped 5.9% year-over-year to $571.3 million in the recent quarter.
Analysts from Zacks Investment Research noted that "increasing food costs, especially beef, underperformance at its core brands, Olive Garden and Red Lobster, in terms of same-restaurant traffic and stiff competition from peers like
Red Robin Gourmet Burgers
will drag its profits."
: Omaha-based ConAgra Foods is a food company, supplying frozen potato and sweet potato products, as well as other vegetable, spice and grain products, to a variety of restaurants, foodservice operators and commercial customers.
ConAgra said higher commodity costs led it to post a lower quarterly profit , though results topped expectations.
The maker of processed foods under the Chef Boyardee, Healthy Choice, Hebrew National and Orville Redenbacher's brands, among others, ConAgra said accelerating input cost inflation led it to implement net pricing increases. High wheat input costs necessitated price increases for its flour-milling operations, the company said.
Its fiscal third-quarter results included an impact of 3 cents per share related to the mark-to-market impact of derivatives used to hedge input costs.
Cost of goods sold jumped 4.7% in the recent quarter, year-over-year, to $2.36 billion.
: Minneapolis-based General Mills is the manufacturer and marketer of branded consumer foods sold through retail stores. It also supplies branded and unbranded food products to the food service and commercial baking industries.
General Mills forecast rising commodity cost inflation when it reported fiscal third-quarter results.
The maker of Cheerios cereals, Nature Valley snack bars, Progresso soups and Totino's pizzas said costs will rise between 4% and 5% this year as prices increase for fuel, dairy, resin-based packaging, cocoa and wheat -- and those prices are expected to rise again in fiscal 2012.
In the first nine months of fiscal 2011 costs rose 1.2% year-over-year to $6.66 billion.
General Mills has had success in the past dealing with higher costs through expense reductions and the introduction of new higher-priced products.
"They have a lot weapons in their arsenal to try to offset that beyond raising prices, but they're not immune," Morningstar analyst Erin Lash told
: Hershey, Penn.-based Hershey is engaged in the manufacturing, marketing, selling and distributing package types of chocolate and confectionery products, food and beverage enhancers and gum and mint refreshment products.
The maker of Reese's, Twizzlers and Kit Kat confections brands said it expects adjusted gross margins to be relatively flat in 2011 year-over-year despite "meaningfully higher input costs."
Cocoa prices surged recently following a one-month ban on exports imposed in the Ivory Coast, the world's biggest cocoa producer, which could tighten world cocoa supplies.
Sugar prices also spiked in recent sessions to three-decade highs after Australia's already flood-stricken Queensland coast was hit with the strongest cyclone the nation had seen in 100 years.
Hershey said that despite higher ingredient costs this year, "productivity and cost savings initiatives are in place" and "we continue to leverage the global go-to-market capabilities we have built over the past few years."
Hershey cautioned its margins would continue to be pressured since passing on all the higher ingredient costs to consumers could hurt its sales.
On March 30
Hershey said it raised wholesale prices on most of its products sold in the U.S., effective immediately.
Hershey said a weighted average price increase of around 9.7% will be added to its instant consumable, multi-pack, packaged candy and grocery lines, effective immediately.
"These changes will help offset part of the significant increases in Hershey's input costs, including raw materials, packaging, fuel, utilities and transportation," the company said.
"Given this timing and some higher than anticipated costs, we do not expect this action to materially impact our financial expectations this year," CEO David J. West said. "We expect the majority of the financial benefit from this pricing action to impact our earnings in 2012."
: Battle Creek, Mich.-based Kellogg and its subsidiaries are engaged in the manufacture and marketing of ready-to-eat cereal and convenience foods.
Kellogg forecast that 2011 would be another difficult year in terms of ingredient costs, and expects to experience a 7% increase in grains, sugar and packaging costs.
Kellogg recently raised prices to help offset rising ingredient costs. In its recent earnings report the maker of Corn Flakes cereal, Cheez-It crackers and Famous Amos cookies said it plans to raise prices again in 2011 in a range of 3% to 4%. It also hopes to sell a more favorable mix of higher-priced food items, products which boast wider margins.
Price increases were already implemented on Kellogg brands such as Eggo waffles, Keebler cookies and Pop-Tarts, as well as many of its cereal brands.
Even so, the food processor cautioned this month its margins would remain under pressure as a still-weak economy will lead it to carry some of the higher costs since raising prices could dissuade already-choosy consumers.
CEO John Bryant told
that evidence of price increases boosting the company's sales volume remains to be seen.
: Oak Brook, Ill.-based McDonald's franchises and operates McDonald's restaurants in the food service industry. The company and its franchisees purchase food, packaging, equipment and other goods from numerous independent suppliers.
McDonald's said it anticipates needing to raise prices on some of its offerings this year in order to offset rising ingredient costs, Chief Financial Officer Peter Bensen said on a conference call with analysts following its recent earnings release.
McDonald's anticipated that costs will rise between 2% and 2.5% this year in the U.S. and between 3.5% and 4.5% in Europe. The U.S. Department of agriculture said meat prices could increase by as much as 3.5% this year.
Around 10 commodities make up about 75% of McDonald's ingredient costs, the Golden Arches said in January -- Beef, chicken, pork, bread and milk products, paper, cola, ketchup and other sauces, and fruits and vegetables top McDonald's ingredient list.
Benson said McDonald's would "raise prices where it makes sense" but would carry some of the higher costs itself, rather than passing it all on to consumers, many of whom patronize McDonald's for its everyday low-cost food offerings.
McDonald's raised prices in China last year by as much as 1 yuan (15 cents) at more than 1,200 of its restaurants to offset higher commodity costs in the region.
: Northfield, Ill.-based Kraft Foods, through its subsidiaries, manufactures and markets packaged food products, including snacks, beverages, cheese, convenient meals and various packaged grocery products.
Kraft Foods said higher input costs accounted for 3.1% of its North American business' revenue growth in its third quarter last year, and that rising input costs were offset by favorable pricing and productivity.
In August of last year Kraft rose prices on select products from its Maxwell House and Yuban ground coffee brands by more than 10%. It also raised prices on its instant coffee products.
In December Kraft raised prices again -- by about 12% -- on its roast and ground coffee products under the Maxwell House and Yuban brands.
In its fourth-quarter earnings report Thursday,
Kraft said significant input cost inflation drove its 2011 profit guidance.
"Looking ahead, we expect the operating environment to remain challenging, with significant input cost inflation and persistent consumer weakness in many markets," said CEO Irene Rosenfeld. Kraft forecast organic net revenue growth of at least 5% and operating earnings-per-share growth of 11% to 13% in 2011.
Kraft said higher input costs led its operating income margin to fall 240 basis points year-over-year. Coffee revenue in Kraft's European operations grew in the low-single digits, also driven by higher pricing in response to higher coffee bean prices.
: Downers Grove, Ill.-based Sara Lee is a global manufacturer and marketer of high-quality, brand-name products for consumers throughout the world focused primarily on the meats, bakery, beverage and household products categories.
Higher food costs led
Sara Lee to miss fiscal-second quarter earnings expectations. It said commodity costs increased by $127 million last quarter, and by $219 in the first half of its fiscal year, partially offset by $123 million in higher prices during the first two quarters, resulting in a net unfavorable commodity cost impact of $96 million.
The food processor said that higher food costs cut into its results last quarter even as the maker of Jimmy Dean sausages and Ball Park hotdogs raised prices to offset some of that
Higher commodity costs more than halved Sara Lee's net cash from operating activities last quarter. Sara Lee said input costs continue to rise in its North American bakery business, and it was preparing for "further price increases in the back half of the year to offset additional cost increases." In its international beverage operations, Sara Lee said it continues to pass higher commodity costs onto consumers.
"While pricing lagged significant commodity cost increases in the first half, the second half will benefit from the pricing actions taken in the first half, along with additional actions planned for the third quarter," Sara Lee said.
: Seattle-based Starbucks purchases and roasts whole bean coffees and sells them, along with fresh, brewed coffees, Italian-style espresso beverages, cold blended beverages, a selection of teas and coffee-related accessories.
Starbucks reaffirmed part of its 2011 guidance "despite dramatically higher coffee costs," but revised its earnings-per-share outlook to a range of $1.44 to $1.47, lower than the $1.49 per share analysts had expected.
The coffee shop chain cited higher-than-expected coffee costs, which it said will negatively affect its 2011 EPS by around 20 cents, for the revised earnings guidance, but said it would not raise prices to cover those extra costs.
In September Starbucks had said it may raise prices on its packaged coffee as well as large-sized, labor-intensive drinks to help offset rising coffee and commodity costs.
In December CEO Howard Schultz called the 50% spike in coffee futures "tragic," blaming financial speculators for the run-up in prices.
: Orrville, Ohio-based J.M. Smucker is engaged in the manufacturing and marketing of branded food products on a worldwide basis.
In its fiscal-second quarter earnings report in November, Smucker said "escalating commodity costs will continue to present challenges." Its U.S. retail oils and baking segment saw profit decline 10% in the period as costs rose for milk, sugar, and soybean oil.
Green coffee costs were also "significantly higher in the second quarter of 2011," the company said, leading it to raise prices earlier in the year. Smucker raised prices of its Folgers and other well-known brands by around 9%, its largest price hike in years.
Investors will look for an update from Smucker when it reports its third-quarter results on Feb. 17. Smucker said in Nov. it expected "to recognize steadily higher green coffee costs during the remainder of the year," and said "higher costs were also realized for milk, sugar, and soybean oil while lower costs were recognized for peanuts and flour."
On Feb. 8 Smucker said it raised retail prices for most of its coffee products -- particularly those under the Folgers and Dunkin' Donuts brands -- by about 10%, following the two price increases in 2010, as unroasted bean prices continued to rise.
: Purchase, N.Y.-based PepsiCo is a global food, snack and beverage company, which manufactures or uses contract manufacturers, markets and sells a variety of salty, convenient, sweet and grain-based snacks, carbonated and non-carbonated beverages and foods.
The maker of Mountain Dew soda, Tostitos chips, Tropicana orange juice and Quaker oatmeal said rising food costs pressured its bottom line last quarter though
PepsiCo did beat profit expectations when adjusted for one-time items.
>> PepsiCo Cuts Outlook, Food Costs Rise
Performance in Europe last quarter was adversely impacted by higher costs related to potato crop shortages in Russia, PepsiCo said.
PepsiCo cut its 2011 earnings growth guidance to a range of 7% to 8%, down from its prior outlook for growth of 11% to 12%, citing "challenging commodity cost inflation and a difficult macroeconomic outlook."
CEO Indra Nooyi said "high levels of commodity cost inflation" will weigh on PepsiCo's results this year.
CFO Hugh F. Johnston said he expects PepsiCo's commodity costs to rise between 8% and 9.5% in 2011.
: Richmond Heights, Mo.-based Panera Bread and its subsidiaries operate a retail bakery-cafe business and franchising business under the concept names Panera Bread, Saint Louis Bread Co., and Paradise Bakery & Cafe.
Panera posted better-than-expected quarterly earnings as its profit and revenue surged, but chairman Ronald M. Shaich said the company was not immune to commodity cost increases.
Panera instated some modest price increases throughout the recent recession to cover rising input costs. Last year the bakery-café restaurateur hiked prices on certain menu items by 2%.
Panera projected a year-over-year price increase of approximately 2% again in 2011, while maintaining stable margins.
Shaich said Panera experienced higher costs in dairy and wheat, as well as significantly higher costs in coffee.
He said Panera has historically been able to pass on underlying inflation costs to consumers. Food makes up about a third of the company's overall costs, he added, and "we'll continue to adjust our pricing to reflect our underlying costs."
Chipotle Mexican Grill
Chipotle Mexican Grill
: Denver-based Chipotle Mexican Grill develops and operates fast-casual, fresh Mexican food restaurants in 35 states throughout the United States, the District of Columbia and Ontario, Canada.
Chipotle beat quarterly profit expectations but said
higher food costs worked to partially offset Chipotle's strong 12.6% gains in comparable same-store sales last quarter. (Same-store sales figures refer to sales at stores open at least one year and are a closely watched metric in the restaurant industry.)
Food, beverage and packing costs jumped 28.4% year-over-year to $149.6 million in Chipotle's recent quarter, making up 31% of total costs, compared with a 30.1% share in the year-earlier period. Much of the higher costs came from beef, cheese and avocado costs.
"We expect continued inflationary pressure on many of our ingredients, especially chicken, beef and avocados, during the year," said Chipotle CFO Jack Hartung on a conference call with analysts. He forecast food cost inflation in the mid-single digits for 2011.
Cold weather in Florida and Mexico could pressure key ingredients like tomatoes, green peppers and tomatillos.
"The cost of these items has surged threefold as a result of severe crop loss, which, if we remain fully supplied, would increase our food cost by over 200 basis points," Hartung said.
Despite the anticipation of higher costs, Hartung said Chipotle would hold off on passing those prices onto its customers "which will allow us to see how inflation plays out on a sustained basis and allow us to see how consumers react to price increases from other restaurants and grocers."
-- Written by Miriam Marcus Reimer in New York.
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