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) --

Wells Fargo


was the winner Friday among the largest U.S. banks, with shares rising 0.5% to close at $37.81.

The broad indices finished mixed, after the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) said that U.S. real gross domestic product grew at an annual rate of 2.5% in the first quarter from the fourth quarter.

The GDP growth rate improved from 0.4% in the fourth quarter, when spending was curtailed by Superstorm Sandy. Economists polled by Thomson Reuters had estimated the first-quarter GDP growth rate would come in at 3%.

This was the BEA's first GDP estimate, "based on source data that are incomplete or subject to further revisions by the source agency." The BEA will release its second GDP growth estimate for the first quarter on May 30.

UBS economist Maury Harris said that the disappointing GDP figure was "all public sector" and that "private GDP was at a 3.3% annual rate."

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Federal spending was expected to decline, with required budget cuts and employee furloughs, following the sequestration that began in March.

The BEA said that "the increase in real GDP in the first quarter primarily reflected positive contributions from personal consumption expenditures (PCE), private inventory investment, exports, residential investment, and nonresidential fixed investment." This implied that there was little effect on consumer spending from the end of the 2% reduction in Social Security taxes in January.

On a more positive note, the final estimate on the University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index was also released this morning, coming in at 76.4 in April vs. the initial estimate of 72.3. Economists were expecting a reading of 73.2 for April.


KBW Bank Index


was down slightly to close at 56.58, with all but six of the 24 index components showing declines for the session.

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Wells Fargo

Shares of Wells Fargo have returned 11% year to date, following a 27% return during 2012. The shares trade for 1.3 times tangible book value, according to Thomson Reuters Bank Insight, and for 9.7 times the consensus 2014 earnings estimate of $3.90 a share. The consensus 2013 EPS estimate is $3.70.

Wells Fargo currently pays a quarterly dividend of 25 cents a share, although the company plans to raise its dividend in the second quarter to 30 cents, subject to the approval of its board of directors. Based on the current payout, the shares have a dividend yield of 2.64%.

Following the completion of the

Federal Reserve's

stress tests of the largest U.S. banks in March, Wells Fargo announced that the regulator had approved "a proposed increase in common stock repurchase activity for 2013 compared with 2012." Wells Fargo's common share buybacks during 2012 totaled $3.9 billion.

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Wells Fargo on April 12 reported a record profit of $5.2 billion, or 92 cents a share, for the first quarter, compared with 91 cents the previous quarter and 75 cents a year earlier.

All of the major U.S. big banks were expected to show significant sequential declines in mortgage revenue because of a slowdown in home-refinancing activity and because a rise in long-term interest rates had caused profit margins on the sale of newly originated loans to decline.

Wells Fargo's first-quarter mortgage revenue totaled $2.8 billion, down from $3.1 billion in the fourth quarter and from $2.9 billion in the first quarter of 2012. First-quarter mortgage loan originations declined to $109 billion from $125 billion the previous quarter. Net gains on mortgage-loan origination and sales totaled $2.5 billion in the first quarter, declining from $2.8 billion in the fourth quarter and from $2.6 billion in the first quarter of 2012.

Drops in credit costs and other expenses more than offset the company's mortgage revenue decline. Noninterest expense declined to $12.4 billion in the first quarter from $12.9 billion the previous quarter and $13 billion a year earlier. The company said that the sequential improvement was "primarily due to lower operating losses associated with the Independent Foreclosure Review settlement and a $250 million charitable contribution to the Wells Fargo Foundation in the fourth quarter."

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Wells Fargo's gain-on-sale margin for mortgage loans sold during the first quarter was 2.56%, which matched the record margin for the fourth quarter. But this is a delayed indicator for the company, as it recognizes loan sales when they actually occur rather than when the new mortgage loan has its rate "locked," as most other large banks do.

Sterne Agee analyst Todd Hagerman rates Wells Fargo buy, with a $42 price target, and said in a note to clients on April 15 that "we continue to believe the shares present a favorable risk/reward for investors looking for a discounted stock with above average profitability, yet has meaningful earnings leverage potential heading into 2014."

Hagerman estimates that Wells Fargo will earn $3.65 a share for all of 2013, with EPS rising to $4 in 2014.

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-- Written by Philip van Doorn in Jupiter, Fla.

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Philip W. van Doorn is a member of TheStreet's banking and finance team, commenting on industry and regulatory trends. He previously served as the senior analyst for Ratings, responsible for assigning financial strength ratings to banks and savings and loan institutions. Mr. van Doorn previously served as a loan operations officer at Riverside National Bank in Fort Pierce, Fla., and as a credit analyst at the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York, where he monitored banks in New York, New Jersey and Puerto Rico. Mr. van Doorn has additional experience in the mutual fund and computer software industries. He holds a bachelor of science in business administration from Long Island University.