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) The

Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.

has sent legal notices warning of possible litigation against former CEO Kerry Killinger and other former executives of Washington Mutual, the largest failed bank in U.S. history, according to several published reports.


Puget Sound Business Journal

reported late Friday that the FDIC was "seeking to collect more than $1 billion" in damages, citing unnamed sources.

The Wall Street Journal

separately reported on Tuesday that the FDIC may press its lawsuit within 30 days, also citing unnamed sources.

Washington Mutual had $307 billion in total assets when it was shuttered by the Office of Thrift Supervision in September 2008 after suffering a run on deposits. The FDIC was appointed receiver and sold the failed institution to

JPMorgan Chase


for $1.8 billion.

Word of the coming lawsuits against Washington Mutual's executives follows another high-profile claw-back attempt by the

Securities and Exchange Commission

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, which on February 11 announced charges of securities fraud against three former top executives of

IndyMac Bank

, during the months leading to the thrift's failure in July 2008. Former CEO Michael Perry

denied the charges

later that day.

Washington Mutual was doomed by its focus on option-payment adjustable-rate mortgages, also known as option-ARMS, which were among the riskiest loans made during the real estate boom. These loans allowed borrowers to choose to make monthly loan payments of less than the prior month's accrued interest, meaning that the loan's principal balance would increase, rather than decline like a regular amortizing mortgage.

The negative amortization "feature," combined with reduced underwriting standards and declining real estate values, created a perfect storm for the lender's credit quality, causing massive losses. Meanwhile, an over-reliance on CD deposits exceeding FDIC insurance limits and wholesale borrowings, caused liquidity problems during the summer of 2008.

The FDIC declined to comment and JPMorgan didn't immediately return a call from




Written by Philip van Doorn in Jupiter, Fla.

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Philip van Doorn


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Philip W. van Doorn is a member of TheStreet's banking and finance team, commenting on industry and regulatory trends. He previously served as the senior analyst for Ratings, responsible for assigning financial strength ratings to banks and savings and loan institutions. Mr. van Doorn previously served as a loan operations officer at Riverside National Bank in Fort Pierce, Fla., and as a credit analyst at the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York, where he monitored banks in New York, New Jersey and Puerto Rico. Mr. van Doorn has additional experience in the mutual fund and computer software industries. He holds a bachelor of science in business administration from Long Island University.