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) -- Three banks failed Friday evening, bringing this year's total number of U.S. bank closures to 51.

All of the failed banks were previously included in



Bank Watch List



institutions, based on regulatory data provided by

SNL Financial


First Chicago Bank & Trust

The Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation shuttered

First Chicago Bank & Trust

, which had $595.3 million in total assets and $887.5 million in deposits. The

Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.

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was appointed receiver, and sold the failed institution's deposits for a 0.50% premium to

Northbrook Bank & Trust Company

of Northbrook, Ill.

Northbrook Bank & Trust is a subsidiary of

Wintrust Financial

(WTFC) - Get Wintrust Financial Corporation Report


In addition to the deposits, Northbrook Bank & Trust agreed to purchase roughly $880 million of First Chicago's assets, with the FDIC agreeing to cover 80% of losses on $699.8 million of the acquired assets.

The failed bank's seven offices were scheduled to reopen during normal business hours as branches of Northbrook Bank & Trust.

The FDIC estimated the cost of First Chicago Bank & Trust's failure to the deposit insurance fund would be $284.3 million.

Northbrook Bank & Trust previously acquired the failed

Community First Bank-Chicago

in February.

In March, Wintrust subsidiary

Advantage National Bank Group

acquired the failed

Bank of Commerce

, of Wood Dale, Ill.

Colorado Capital Bank

State regulators closed

Colorado Capital Bank

of Castle Rock, Colo., which had $717.5 million in total assets and $672.8 million in deposits. The FDIC was appointed receiver, and sold the failed institution to

First-Citizens Bank & Trust Company

of Raleigh, N.C.

The FDIC agreed to cover 80% of losses on S580 million in assets acquired by First-Citizens and estimated the cost to the deposit insurance fund would be $283.8 million.

Colorado Capital's seven branches were set to reopen on Monday as branches of First-Citizens.

The acquiring bank is held by

First Citizens Bancshares

(FCNCA) - Get First Citizens BancShares, Inc. Class A Report


First Citizens previously acquired the failed

United Western Bank

of Denver, in January.

Signature Bank

The Colorado Division of Banking also shut down

Signature Bank of Windsor

, which had $66.7 million in total assets and $64.5 million in deposits. As receiver, the FDIC sold the failed bank to

Points West Community Bank

of Julesburg, Colo.

Signature Bank's three offices were scheduled to reopen during normal hours as branches of Points West Community Bank.

The FDIC estimated the bank failure would cost the deposit insurance fund $22.3 million.

Thorough Bank Failure Coverage

All bank and thrift closures since the beginning of 2008 are detailed in


interactive bank failure map:

The bank failure map is color-coded, with the states having the greatest number of failures highlighted in dark gray, and states with no failures in light green. By moving your mouse over a state you can see its combined 2008-2011 totals. Then click the state to open a detailed map pinpointing the locations and providing additional information for each bank failure


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Written by Philip van Doorn in Jupiter, Fla.

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Philip W. van Doorn is a member of TheStreet's banking and finance team, commenting on industry and regulatory trends. He previously served as the senior analyst for Ratings, responsible for assigning financial strength ratings to banks and savings and loan institutions. Mr. van Doorn previously served as a loan operations officer at Riverside National Bank in Fort Pierce, Fla., and as a credit analyst at the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York, where he monitored banks in New York, New Jersey and Puerto Rico. Mr. van Doorn has additional experience in the mutual fund and computer software industries. He holds a bachelor of science in business administration from Long Island University.