said it needs to stop growing so fast and might consider hiking fares.
That would benefit other airlines, except that Southwest's hedging position is so formidable that the carrier is under far less cost pressure than any of its competitors.
Those comments came as the company beat estimates in the latest quarter thanks to its fuel hedging. In the second quarter, excluding special items, the carrier said net income was $121 million, or 16 cents a share. Analysts surveyed by Thomson Reuters had estimated 12 cents.
Revenue rose 11% to $2.9 billion and was in line with estimates.
Southwest's results included favorable cash settlements of $511 million from fuel contracts. Even with the settlements, fuel expenses grew by 35%. Without hedges, the carrier would have lost $134 million.
The current value of its hedging contracts through 2012 is about $4.3 billion. That includes hedging 80% of its third-quarter fuel needs at $61 a barrel, 80% of its fourth-quarter requirements at $58 a barrel, and 70% next year's fuel at $66 a barrel.
Nevertheless, during an earnings conference call, CEO Gary Kelly said he worries about "a boiling cauldron of issues facing our industry -- a weak economy, soaring operating costs and higher fuels
that are dampening demand."
Southwest will likely cease capacity expansion in 2009, after growing by no more than 4% in 2008, he said. "From July forward, our flying is essentially flat."
The airline should benefit because "our competitors are in full retreat mode" and will reduce capacity in Southwest markets by 15% this fall, he said. Yet fare increases will be tricky because they could scare off passengers.
"We know we have to get our average fares up, and we have to do that substantially," Kelly said. "I don't think anybody believes we could in short order increase our average fares by $30 or $40."
He also said the lack of baggage fees is a big advantage. Reservations agents tell him the first question they routinely hear from customers is, "Do you charge to check a bag?"
Meanwhile, Kelly said Southwest expects to add code-share flights to Mexico, Hawaii and the Caribbean in 2009, in addition to the Canadian code-share flights it will introduce under an agreement reached this month with Canadian carrier WestJet.
During the quarter, revenue per available seat mile grew 5.3%. Cost per available seat mile excluding special items, was up 10.5%. Excluding fuel, CASM rose 1.8%.