) -- Georgia regulators closed
of Atlanta Friday, bringing the total number of failed U.S. banks and thrifts this year to 95.
The Georgia Department of Banking and Finance took over Georgian Bank late Friday and appointed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. receiver. The FDIC then arranged for all of the failed institution's deposits and essentially all of its assets to be assumed by
First Citizens Bank and Trust
of Columbia, S.C. The acquiring bank is a subsidiary of
First Citizens Bancorp
Georgian Bank specialized in construction lending to residential developers in the suburbs of Atlanta and also provided private banking services to businesses and wealthy depositors. More than half of the bank's assets were concentrated in construction loans and commercial real estate loans.
Credit quality took a nosedive in the second quarter, with nonperforming assets -- including nonaccrual loans and accruing loans past due 90 days or more, along with repossessed real estate -- making up 17.19% of total assets as of June 30. That marked a deterioration from the previous quarter, when the nonperforming assets ratio was 5.13%.
On Friday, the FDIC made public regulatory orders it had given Georgian Bank on Aug. 24, including a cease-and-desist order citing ineffective supervision by the bank's board of directors and inadequate capital levels. The order also cited lax underwriting standards and an inadequate liquidity plan, and it required the bank to increase its capital ratios within 120 days in order to maintain a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least 8% and a total risk-based capital ratio of at least 10%.
These ratios need to be at least 5% and 10%, respectively, for most banks to be considered well-capitalized under
. The Tier 1 leverage and total risk-based capital ratios for Georgian Bank were 6.30% and 8.59%, respectively, as of June 30.
Georgian Bank had roughly $2 billion in total assets and $2 billion in deposits when it failed, and its five branches were set to reopen Monday as branches of First Citizens Bank.
The FDIC entered into a loss-sharing agreement with First Citizens, with the agency agreeing to share in losses on all of the acquired assets. The FDIC estimated the cost to its insurance fund would be $892 million, reflecting the high loss rate on soured construction loans.
Ongoing Bank Failure Coverage
All bank failures for 2008 and 2009 through last week are detailed in
leads all states with 24 bank or thrift failures during 2008 and 2009, followed by
with eight and
J.P. Morgan Chase
, which acquired Washington Mutual, the largest-ever bank or thrift to fail in the U.S., is among the large bank holding companies that have acquired failed institutions during 2008 and 2009. Others include
Fifth Third Bancorp
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Reported by Philip van Doorn in Jupiter Fla.
Philip W. van Doorn joined TheStreet.com Ratings., Inc., in February 2007. He is the senior analyst responsible for assigning financial strength ratings to banks and savings and loan institutions. He also comments on industry and regulatory trends. Mr. van Doorn has fifteen years experience, having served as a loan operations officer at Riverside National Bank in Fort Pierce, Florida, and as a credit analyst at the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York, where he monitored banks in New York, New Jersey and Puerto Rico. Mr. van Doorn has additional experience in the mutual fund and computer software industries. He holds a Bachelor of Science in business administration from Long Island University.