IBM (IBM) - Get Report has locked up a patent for a cognitive system to manage the safety of self-driving cars, according to Computer Business Review.

The system, developed by IBM researchers, is based on biological cognition and behavior generation in the brain.

The system outlines how to shift control of an autonomous vehicle between a human driver and a vehicle control processor in case of an emergency.

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It boasts sensors and artificial intelligence to distinguish possible safety issues and determines whether self-driving vehicles should be operated autonomously or by a human driver.